Abstract

Self-controlled photonic switching was achieved by combining the photoconductivity of a semiconductor and the electrical tunability of a liquid crystal (LC). Pulse packets of 1.06μm wavelength created free carriers in a silicon electrode of an LC cell, which triggered voltage application for LC reorientation. Consequently, polarization direction of the succeeding packets became perpendicular to that of the preceding packets, and they progressed in different directions after passing through a polarization beam splitter. The cascade LC cells divided a series of packets one by one in a self-controlled manner.

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[CrossRef]

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2001 (1)

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M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
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Bortolozzo, U.

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M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
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K. H. Park and W. Chujo, Opt. Commun. 209, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Collings, N.

Coschignano, G.

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Crossland, W. A.

Dalton, L.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davey, A.

De Luca, A.

Doran, N. J.

Georgiou, A.

Glesk, I.

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Pruncnal, Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gunning, P.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hara, T.

Hareng, M.

Harvard, K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochberg, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huignard, J. P.

Huignard, J.-P.

Jen, A. K. Y.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Kobayashi, Y.

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N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, R.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

M. Lipson, Nat. Photon. 1, 18 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loiseaux, B.

Lucek, J. K.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Luo, J.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manolis, I. G.

Margerum, J. D.

J. D. Margerum, J. Nimoy, and S.-Y. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 51 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Mears, R. J.

Moore, J.

Mukohzaka, N.

Mullen, R. A.

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nimoy, J.

J. D. Margerum, J. Nimoy, and S.-Y. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 51 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, T.

M. Saito, T. Nishikawa, and M. Shishido, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, R.

M. Saito, R. Takeda, K. Yoshimura, R. Okamoto, and I. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 141110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, E.

E. Park and A. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 938 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. H.

K. H. Park and W. Chujo, Opt. Commun. 209, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peccianti, M.

Piccardi, A.

Pruncnal, P. R.

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Pruncnal, Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Redmond, M. M.

Residori, S.

Robertson, B.

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saito, M.

M. Saito, R. Takeda, K. Yoshimura, R. Okamoto, and I. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 141110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Saito, T. Nishikawa, and M. Shishido, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shabeer, M.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shearn, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, Z.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishido, M.

M. Saito, T. Nishikawa, and M. Shishido, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solokoff, J. P.

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Pruncnal, Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sullivan, P.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takeda, R.

M. Saito, R. Takeda, K. Yoshimura, R. Okamoto, and I. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 141110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tam, K. L.

Toyoda, H.

Umeton, C.

Underwood, I.

Vass, D. G.

Wang, G.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warr, S. T.

Wilkinson, T. D.

Willner, A.

E. Park and A. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 938 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wong, S.-Y.

J. D. Margerum, J. Nimoy, and S.-Y. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 51 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Yamada, I.

M. Saito, R. Takeda, K. Yoshimura, R. Okamoto, and I. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 141110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, N.

Yoshimura, K.

M. Saito, R. Takeda, K. Yoshimura, R. Okamoto, and I. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 141110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Saito, R. Takeda, K. Yoshimura, R. Okamoto, and I. Yamada, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 141110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Clark and S. T. Lagerwall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 899 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Margerum, J. Nimoy, and S.-Y. Wong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 51 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Pruncnal, Electron. Lett. 30, 1322 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, Electron. Lett. 31, 2201 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

E. Park and A. Willner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 938 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Y. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, Nat. Mater. 5, 703(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photon. (1)

M. Lipson, Nat. Photon. 1, 18 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. H. Park and W. Chujo, Opt. Commun. 209, 303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Residori, U. Bortolozzo, and J. P. Huignard, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 203603 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. Saito, T. Nishikawa, and M. Shishido, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 3832 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Device structure and operation principle. (a) Original state in which LC is twisted and (b) voltage application process in which LC is reoriented (parallel phase).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured packet signals. (a), (c), and (e) show the input signal shapes. Each packet contains (a) 8, (b) 16, or (c) 32 pulses of 50 μs duration ( 100 μs period). (b), (d), and (f) show the corresponding output signals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Three-way signal branch by the LC cell cascade.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical signals that were measured at the ports (a) A, (b) B, and (c) C. Each packet contained 32 pulses of 50 μs duration ( 100 μs period).

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