Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate a Raman fiber laser based on multiple point-action fiber Bragg grating reflectors and distributed feedback via Rayleigh scattering in an ~22-km-long optical fiber. Twenty-two lasing lines with spacing of 100GHz (close to International Telecommunication Union grid) in the C band are generated at the watt level. In contrast to the normal cavity with competition between laser lines, the random distributed feedback cavity exhibits highly stable multiwavelength generation with a power-equalized uniform distribution, which is almost independent on power.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (4)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. H. Al-Mansoori, N. M. Samsuri, and M. A. Mahdi, Appl. Opt. 49, 3506 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

O. Frazão, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

T. J. Ellingham, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 257, 176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. I. Md. Ali, A. Ahmad, and R. Mohamad, Opt. Lett. 31, 918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

2003 (1)

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, Opt. Commun. 218, 291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

Ahmad, A.

Alcon-Camas, M.

Ali, M. I. Md.

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

Ania-Castañón, J. D.

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Ellingham, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 257, 176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Babin, S. A.

Baptista, J. M.

O. Frazão, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

Bintjas, C.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Churkin, D. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, Opt. Express 13, 6079 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Correia, C.

O. Frazão, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Z. Wang, Y. Cui, B. Yun, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2044 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ellingham, T. J.

T. J. Ellingham, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 257, 176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

El-Taher, A. E.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, X.

Fludger, C.

C. Fludger, A. Maroney, N. Jolley, and R. Mears, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 37, pp. 100–102.

Fotiadi, A. A.

Frazão, O.

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Futami, F.

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.

Han, Y.-G.

Harper, P.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ismagulov, A. E.

Jolley, N.

C. Fludger, A. Maroney, N. Jolley, and R. Mears, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 37, pp. 100–102.

Kablukov, S. I.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, Opt. Express 13, 6079 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalyvas, M.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. U.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, Opt. Commun. 218, 291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karalekas, V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kikuchi, K.

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.-S.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, Opt. Commun. 218, 291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N. S.

N. S. Kim and X. Zou, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 640–641.

Kim, S.-H.

Kiyan, R. V.

Lee, S. B.

Liu, X.

Lopez-Amo, M.

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Z. Wang, Y. Cui, B. Yun, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2044 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

Maroney, A.

C. Fludger, A. Maroney, N. Jolley, and R. Mears, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 37, pp. 100–102.

Mears, R.

C. Fludger, A. Maroney, N. Jolley, and R. Mears, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 37, pp. 100–102.

Mohamad, R.

Moon, D. S.

Pinto, A. M. R.

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Podivilov, E. V.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, A. E. Ismagulov, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1729 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Babin, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, and E. V. Podivilov, Opt. Express 13, 6079 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rochelle, S. L.

Rochette, M.

Samsuri, N. M.

Santos, J. L.

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sova, R. M.

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, Opt. Commun. 218, 291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

Theophilopoulos, G.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. El-Taher, M. Alcon-Camas, S. A. Babin, P. Harper, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Lett. 35, 1100 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Ellingham, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 257, 176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Y. Cui, B. Yun, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2044 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xing, L.

Yiannopoulos, K.

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yun, B.

Z. Wang, Y. Cui, B. Yun, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2044 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zamzuri, A. K.

Zhang, W.

Zhou, B.

Zou, X.

N. S. Kim and X. Zou, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 640–641.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. M. R. Pinto, O. Frazão, J. L. Santos, and M. Lopez-Amo, Appl. Phys. B 99, 391 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Z. Wang, Y. Cui, B. Yun, and C. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2044 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Futami and K. Kikuchi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, C. Bintjas, M. Kalyvas, G. Theophilopoulos, K. Yiannopoulos, S. Sygletos, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 693 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

O. Frazão, C. Correia, J. L. Santos, and J. M. Baptista, Meas. Sci. Technol. 20, 045203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. K. Turitsyn, S. A. Babin, A. E. El-Taher, P. Harper, D. V. Churkin, S. I. Kablukov, J. D. Ania-Castañón, V. Karalekas, and E. V. Podivilov, Nat. Photon. 4, 231(2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C.-S. Kim, R. M. Sova, and J. U. Kang, Opt. Commun. 218, 291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Ellingham, J. D. Ania-Castañón, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Commun. 257, 176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Other (2)

N. S. Kim and X. Zou, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 640–641.

C. Fludger, A. Maroney, N. Jolley, and R. Mears, in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference(Optical Society of America, 2000), Vol. 37, pp. 100–102.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic depiction of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison between pump power spectrum in linear scale before (gray curve) and after (black curve) TW fiber at 1.8 W pump power. Inset, backward measured amplified SRS (FBGs are not installed) as the pump power is increased from 0.9 to 2.75 W for TW and SMF fibers spliced together, and the thick black curve is the same for the SMF fiber of equivalent length, 22 km , at 1.8 W .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser output power as a function of pump power: squares are the output power values for the angle end, and circles are the output power values with the flat end.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra at various output power for both angle (black) and flat (gray) end setups: (a) at 0.28 W , (b) at 1.35 W .

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