Abstract

Time-resolved shadowgraphs and holograms of intense femtosecond laser ablation of aluminum are reported. The different bending trends of interference fringes are found in the ablations of aluminum and other materials at probe wavelengths of 400 and 800nm, for the first time to our knowledge, which could be attributed to the ejection of massive neutral droplets induced by critical-point phase separation during the second material ejection.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. König, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 13, 10597 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  12. B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2003 (1)

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 225502 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

X. Wang and X. Xu, Appl. Phys. A 73, 107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

A. B. Bullock and P. R. Bolton, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Anisimov, S. I.

S. I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Barthélemy, O.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bolton, P. R.

A. B. Bullock and P. R. Bolton, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bullock, A. B.

A. B. Bullock and P. R. Bolton, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chaker, M.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Che, Y.

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C.

C. Cheng and X. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 165415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Drogoff, B. L.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, H.

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, T. W.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kapeliovich, B. L.

S. I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

König, J.

Laville, S.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lewis, L. J.

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 225502 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lorazo, P.

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 225502 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, S.

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Margot, J.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McDonald, J. P.

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meunier, M.

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 225502 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mu, G.

Nees, J. A.

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Pan, X.

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perel’man, T. L.

S. I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

Pollock, T. M.

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sabsabi, M.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Vidal, F.

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, M.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, H. Zhai, and G. Mu, Opt. Lett. 31, 1636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang and X. Xu, Appl. Phys. A 73, 107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

C. Cheng and X. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 165415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang and X. Xu, Appl. Phys. A 73, 107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yalisove, S. M.

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhai, H.

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, H. Zhai, and G. Mu, Opt. Lett. 31, 1636 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, N.

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, X.

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. A (1)

X. Wang and X. Xu, Appl. Phys. A 73, 107 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Hu, X. Wang, H. Zhai, N. Zhang, and P. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 061117 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Liu, Z. Hu, Y. Che, Y. Chen, and X. Pan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 044103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. P. McDonald, S. Ma, T. M. Pollock, S. M. Yalisove, and J. A. Nees, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093111 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Bullock and P. R. Bolton, J. Appl. Phys. 85, 460 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

C. Cheng and X. Xu, Phys. Rev. B 72, 165415 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

P. Lorazo, L. J. Lewis, and M. Meunier, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 225502 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhang, X. Zhu, J. Yang, X. Wang, and M. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 167602 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Vidal, T. W. Johnston, S. Laville, O. Barthélemy, M. Chaker, B. L. Drogoff, J. Margot, and M. Sabsabi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2573 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

S. I. Anisimov, B. L. Kapeliovich, and T. L. Perel’man, Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 375 (1974).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Shadowgraphs of material ejection of an aluminum target at six different delay times. The contact front and the dark area near the target surface is labeled as A and B, respectively. The circle stripe pattern outside the plume is the result of the diffraction of the ejected plume.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Holograms of the material ejection at six different delay times. The wavelength of the probe beam is 400 nm . The parameters of the pump pulse and the target are the same as those of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase difference maps of the probe beam. The dashed lines represent the positions of the contact front, which are located according to the shadowgraphs in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Lattice temperature as a function of time at the depths of 0, 100 , 200, 300, and 400 nm in the ablation of aluminum. The laser pulse width is 50 fs and the fluence is 40 J / cm 2 .

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