Abstract

We have shown that Lewis-acidic halogenoaluminate ionic liquid (IL) containing subvalent bismuth can be used as a near-IR (NIR) luminescent material. Raman and absorption spectra evidence the coexistence of Bi53+ and Bi+ in the liquid. The Bi53+ and Bi+ emitters, stabilized by this Lewis-acidic liquid, demonstrate ultrabroad NIR photoluminescence with a lifetime of around 1μs. We envisage that the bismuth activated ILs would not only enrich the well-established spectrum of soft luminescent materials but also might promote the design of novel photonic materials activated by other p-block elements.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (6)

2009 (6)

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Su, P. Zhou, J. Yu, H. Li, L. Zheng, F. Wu, Y. Yang, Q. Yang, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 13554 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Armand, F. Endres, D. Farlane, H. Ohno, and B. Scrosati, Nat. Mater. 8, 621 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Ahmed, D. Köhler, and M. Ruck, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 635, 297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

S. Tang, A. Babai, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7631 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Mallick, B. Balke, C. Felser, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7635 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Okhrimchuk, L. Butvina, E. Dianov, N. Lichkova, V. Zagorodnev, and K. Boldyrev, Opt. Lett. 33, 2182 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

P. Nockemann, B. Thijs, N. Postelmans, K. Van Hecke, L. Van Meervelt, and K. Binnemans, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 13658 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Babai and A. Mudring, Chem. Mater. 17, 6230 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

E. Guillet, D. Imbert, R. Scopelliti, and J. Bünzli, Chem. Mater. 16, 4063 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Dai, S. Y. Yu, Y. K. Shan, and M. Y. He, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2004, 237 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Driesen, P. Nockemann, and K. Binnemans, Chem. Phys. Lett. 395, 306 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Ruck, V. Dubenskyy, and T. Söhnel, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42, 2978 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Srivastava, J. Lumin. 78, 239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

S. Ulvenlund, L. Bengtsson-Kloo, and K. Ståhl, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 91, 4223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

G. Boulon, B. Moine, and J. Bourcet, Phys. Rev. B 22, 1163(1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. C. Burns, R. J. Gillespie, and W. C. Luk, Inorg. Chem. 17, 3596 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

J. Corbett, Inorg. Chem. 7, 198 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

N. J. Bjerrum, C. R. Boston, and G. P. Smith, Inorg. Chem. 6, 1162 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Ahmed, E.

E. Ahmed, D. Köhler, and M. Ruck, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 635, 297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arenz, S.

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Armand, M.

M. Armand, F. Endres, D. Farlane, H. Ohno, and B. Scrosati, Nat. Mater. 8, 621 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babai, A.

S. Tang, A. Babai, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7631 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Babai and A. Mudring, Chem. Mater. 17, 6230 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bai, Z.

Balke, B.

B. Mallick, B. Balke, C. Felser, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7635 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bengtsson-Kloo, L.

S. Ulvenlund, L. Bengtsson-Kloo, and K. Ståhl, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 91, 4223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Binnemans, K.

P. Nockemann, B. Thijs, N. Postelmans, K. Van Hecke, L. Van Meervelt, and K. Binnemans, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 13658 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Driesen, P. Nockemann, and K. Binnemans, Chem. Phys. Lett. 395, 306 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bjerrum, N. J.

N. J. Bjerrum, C. R. Boston, and G. P. Smith, Inorg. Chem. 6, 1162 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Boldyrev, K.

Bond, A.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boston, C. R.

N. J. Bjerrum, C. R. Boston, and G. P. Smith, Inorg. Chem. 6, 1162 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bouazaoui, M.

Boulon, G.

G. Boulon, B. Moine, and J. Bourcet, Phys. Rev. B 22, 1163(1980).
[CrossRef]

Bourcet, J.

G. Boulon, B. Moine, and J. Bourcet, Phys. Rev. B 22, 1163(1980).
[CrossRef]

Bünzli, J.

E. Guillet, D. Imbert, R. Scopelliti, and J. Bünzli, Chem. Mater. 16, 4063 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Burns, R. C.

R. C. Burns, R. J. Gillespie, and W. C. Luk, Inorg. Chem. 17, 3596 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Butvina, L.

Capoen, B.

Corbett, J.

J. Corbett, Inorg. Chem. 7, 198 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Dai, L.

L. Dai, S. Y. Yu, Y. K. Shan, and M. Y. He, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2004, 237 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deki, S.

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

Driesen, K.

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Driesen, P. Nockemann, and K. Binnemans, Chem. Phys. Lett. 395, 306 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dubenskyy, V.

M. Ruck, V. Dubenskyy, and T. Söhnel, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42, 2978 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Endres, F.

M. Armand, F. Endres, D. Farlane, H. Ohno, and B. Scrosati, Nat. Mater. 8, 621 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farlane, D.

M. Armand, F. Endres, D. Farlane, H. Ohno, and B. Scrosati, Nat. Mater. 8, 621 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Felser, C.

B. Mallick, B. Balke, C. Felser, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7635 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Forsyth, M.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujii, M.

H. Sun, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Z. Bai, N. Shirahata, L. Zhang, Y. Miwa, and H. Gao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Z. Bai, N. Shirahata, L. Zhang, Y. Miwa, and H. Gao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giernoth, R.

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gillespie, R. J.

R. C. Burns, R. J. Gillespie, and W. C. Luk, Inorg. Chem. 17, 3596 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Guillet, E.

E. Guillet, D. Imbert, R. Scopelliti, and J. Bünzli, Chem. Mater. 16, 4063 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hamzaoui, H. E.

Hao, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, M. Y.

L. Dai, S. Y. Yu, Y. K. Shan, and M. Y. He, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2004, 237 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Horne, M.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosokawa, A.

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imbert, D.

E. Guillet, D. Imbert, R. Scopelliti, and J. Bünzli, Chem. Mater. 16, 4063 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, V. Y.

Izgorodina, E.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, N.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, D.

E. Ahmed, D. Köhler, and M. Ruck, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 635, 297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kustov, E. F.

Lakshminarayana, G.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Lichkova, N.

Luk, W. C.

R. C. Burns, R. J. Gillespie, and W. C. Luk, Inorg. Chem. 17, 3596 (1978).
[CrossRef]

MacFarlane, D.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mallick, B.

B. Mallick, B. Balke, C. Felser, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7635 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miwa, Y.

H. Sun, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Z. Bai, N. Shirahata, L. Zhang, Y. Miwa, and H. Gao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

Mizuhata, M.

H. Sun, A. Hosokawa, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Adv. Mater. 21, 3694(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, Y. Miwa, F. Shimaoka, M. Fujii, A. Hosokawa, M. Mizuhata, S. Hayashi, and S. Deki, Opt. Lett. 34, 1219(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moine, B.

G. Boulon, B. Moine, and J. Bourcet, Phys. Rev. B 22, 1163(1980).
[CrossRef]

Mudring, A.

S. Pitula and A. Mudring, Chem. Eur. J. 16, 3355 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Mallick, B. Balke, C. Felser, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7635 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tang, A. Babai, and A. Mudring, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 47, 7631 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Babai and A. Mudring, Chem. Mater. 17, 6230 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nockemann, P.

P. Nockemann, B. Thijs, N. Postelmans, K. Van Hecke, L. Van Meervelt, and K. Binnemans, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 13658 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Arenz, A. Babai, K. Binnemans, K. Driesen, R. Giernoth, A. Mudring, and P. Nockemann, Chem. Phys. Lett. 402, 75 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Driesen, P. Nockemann, and K. Binnemans, Chem. Phys. Lett. 395, 306 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, H.

M. Armand, F. Endres, D. Farlane, H. Ohno, and B. Scrosati, Nat. Mater. 8, 621 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okhrimchuk, A.

Peng, M.

Pitula, S.

S. Pitula and A. Mudring, Chem. Eur. J. 16, 3355 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Postelmans, N.

P. Nockemann, B. Thijs, N. Postelmans, K. Van Hecke, L. Van Meervelt, and K. Binnemans, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 13658 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, J.

S. Zhou, N. Jiang, B. Zhu, H. Yang, S. Ye, G. Lakshminarayana, J. Hao, and J. Qiu, Adv. Funct. Mater. 18, 1407 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

Rocher, N.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodopoulos, T.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruck, M.

E. Ahmed, D. Köhler, and M. Ruck, Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem. 635, 297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ruck, V. Dubenskyy, and T. Söhnel, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 42, 2978 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rüther, T.

N. Rocher, E. Izgorodina, T. Rüther, M. Forsyth, D. MacFarlane, T. Rodopoulos, M. Horne, and A. Bond, Chem. Eur. J. 15, 3435 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakka, Y.

H. Sun, Y. Sakka, Y. Miwa, N. Shirahata, M. Fujii, and H. Gao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 131908 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Sun, M. Fujii, Y. Sakka, Z. Bai, N. Shirahata, L. Zhang, Y. Miwa, and H. Gao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1743 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M.

Schwefel, H.

Scopelliti, R.

E. Guillet, D. Imbert, R. Scopelliti, and J. Bünzli, Chem. Mater. 16, 4063 (2004).
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Scrosati, B.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Raman spectrum of the obtained dark brown ILs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectrum of the ILs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) PL spectra of the ILs under the excitation of 457.9 and 690 nm . Note that the long-wavelength ( > 1600 nm ) signal is suppressed owing to the drop of InGaAs sensitivity. (b) Decay curves of the ILs at 1250 nm under the excitation of 457.9 and 550 nm .

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