Abstract

A microhole array in a common single-mode fiber is fabricated by selective chemical etching of femtosecond- laser-induced fiber Bragg grating (FBG), which has a laser-modified region extending from the fiber core to the cladding–air boundary due to laser self-focusing. The shape and size of the orderly microhole on the fiber surface are controlled via changing conditions of FBG fabrication and chemical etching. A simultaneous sensing for surrounding refractive index and temperature is demonstrated by this microhole array FBG through measurement of the transmission power change and Bragg resonant wavelength shift.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

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Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, H. Xia, and H. B. Sun, Nano Today 5, 435 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, Opt. Express 13, 5377 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bang, O.

Barretto, E. C. S.

Bennion, I.

Bhardwaj, V. R.

Campopiano, S.

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[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Chen, Q. D.

Chen, X.

Chesini, G.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Corkum, P. B.

Cruz, C. H. B.

Cusano, A.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cutolo, A.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A. R.

Giordano, M.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. D.

Grivas, C.

Grobnic, D.

C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, Opt. Express 13, 5377 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

Guo, J. C.

Hnatovsky, C.

Huang, Y.

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[CrossRef]

Iadicicco, A.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ku, J. F.

Lai, Y.

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[CrossRef]

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W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Lwin, R.

Mihailov, S. J.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2005), Vol.  2, p. 1218.
[CrossRef]

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Rayner, D. M.

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C. W. Smelser, S. J. Mihailov, and D. Grobnic, Opt. Express 13, 5377 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2005), Vol.  2, p. 1218.
[CrossRef]

Sugden, K.

Sun, H. B.

Taylor, R. S.

van Brakel, A.

Wang, L.

Xia, H.

Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, H. Xia, and H. B. Sun, Nano Today 5, 435 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, R.

Yariv, A.

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. S.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, R.

Zhang, Y. L.

Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, H. Xia, and H. B. Sun, Nano Today 5, 435 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, K.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Liang, Y. Huang, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 151122 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, S. Campopiano, A. Cutolo, and M. Giordano, IEEE Sens. J. 5, 1288 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Today (1)

Y. L. Zhang, Q. D. Chen, H. Xia, and H. B. Sun, Nano Today 5, 435 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

C. W. Smelser, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (IEEE, 2005), Vol.  2, p. 1218.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for FBG fabrication by fs laser and phase mask. (b) The FBG region extending from fiber core to cladding–air boundary is magnified for clarity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope images of the fs-laser- induced FBG before and after chemical etching. (a) Side view normal to the beam axis and (b) cross section before etching. (c) Side view normal to the beam axis and (d) view from output side of laser beam after etching. (e) SEM image on the fiber grating surface after etching.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission spectra change of the FBG during the etching process. The numbers denote etching time in minutes. (b) SEM image of the microslot and microchannels coexisting in fiber after 45   min etching. (c) SEM image of the microslot in fiber after 60   min etching.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Bragg resonant wavelength shift ( Δ λ B ) and transmission power change ( Δ P T ) in different environmental conditions. (a) Wavelength and power change with the SRI. (b) Wavelength and power change with temperature.

Equations (2)

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[ Δ λ B Δ P T ] = [ A 1 B 1 A 2 B 2 ] [ Δ T Δ n SRI ] ,
[ Δ λ B Δ P T ] = [ 0.014 5.484 0 151.347 ] [ Δ T Δ n SRI ] .

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