Abstract

This study demonstrates an optical switch of the diffractive light from a body-centered tetragonal photonic crystal based on holographic polymer-dispersed liquid crystals that are fabricated using two-beam interference with multiple exposures. The liquid crystal-rich regions form the lattice points of the PC, which contains a liquid crystal/ azo—dye mixture. The concentration of the cis isomer changes under laser light exposure; this change, in turn, modulates the effective index of the LCs, and then switches diffractive light.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

H.-C. Lin, J.-R. Wang, W.-Y. Wu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, Opt. Commun. 281, 3183 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171101 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Simpson, R. M. Richardson, and S. Hanna, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035 (1997).
[Crossref]

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Anand, S.

Bang, O.

Berrier, A.

Bjarklev, A.

Cheng, B.

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W.-T.

V. K. S. Hsiao and W.-T. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 100, 539 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ferrini, R.

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

Gong, Q.

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gösele, U.

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hanna, S.

S. H. Simpson, R. M. Richardson, and S. Hanna, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holmes, M. E.

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603 (2002).
[Crossref]

Houdré, R.

Hsiao, V. K. S.

V. K. S. Hsiao and W.-T. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 100, 539 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Huang, H.

Huang, T. J.

Jamois, C.

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kallassi, P. E.

Kitzerow, H.-S.

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, M. S.

Lin, H.-C.

H.-C. Lin, J.-R. Wang, W.-Y. Wu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, Opt. Commun. 281, 3183 (2008).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y. J.

Malcuit, M. S.

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603 (2002).
[Crossref]

Matthias, S.

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mertens, G.

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Montemezzani, G.

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035 (1997).
[Crossref]

Richardson, R. M.

S. H. Simpson, R. M. Richardson, and S. Hanna, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Serak, S.

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shi, J.

Simpson, S. H.

S. H. Simpson, R. M. Richardson, and S. Hanna, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sio, L. D.

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sun, X. W.

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tabiryan, N.

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Talneau, A.

Thomas, N. L.

Umeton, C.

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Veltri, A.

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Walker, T. R.

Wang, J.-R.

H.-C. Lin, J.-R. Wang, W.-Y. Wu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, Opt. Commun. 281, 3183 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wehrspohn, R. B.

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wei, L.

Wu, S. T.

Wu, W.-Y.

H.-C. Lin, J.-R. Wang, W.-Y. Wu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, Opt. Commun. 281, 3183 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yuan, W.

Zgonik, M.

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y. B.

Zuppiroli, L.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. K. S. Hsiao and W.-T. Cheng, Appl. Phys. B 100, 539 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

X. Hu, Q. Gong, Y. Liu, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231111 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Mertens, R. B. Wehrspohn, H.-S. Kitzerow, S. Matthias, C. Jamois, and U. Gösele, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 241108 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. D. Sio, A. Veltri, C. Umeton, S. Serak, and N. Tabiryan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181115 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Liu and X. W. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171101 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. H. Simpson, R. M. Richardson, and S. Hanna, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 134904 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

H.-C. Lin, J.-R. Wang, W.-Y. Wu, and A. Y.-G. Fuh, Opt. Commun. 281, 3183 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (2)

M. E. Holmes and M. S. Malcuit, Phys. Rev. E 65, 066603 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Montemezzani and M. Zgonik, Phys. Rev. E 55, 1035 (1997).
[Crossref]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top view SEM image of the HPDLC polymer pattern. The inset shows the magnified image.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup used to measure the tuning of the BCT sample. D1, D2, D3: photodectors. NDF: neutral density filter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical behavior in the switch of the diffractive beam from the BCT sample pumped by a TE-polarized green laser beam ( λ = 514.5 nm ) of various powers ( 5 350 mW ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The change of the contrast ratio of the diffractive beam intensity with the sample being pumped by blue ( λ = 460 nm ), green ( λ = 488 nm ), and green ( λ = 514.5 nm ) light beams at various intensities.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Repeat optic switch of the diffractive beam with the sample pumped by a 514.5 nm laser beam. The lower curve corresponds to the laser pulse, and the upper curves correspond to the transmitted and diffracted intensities of the grating.

Equations (2)

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η sin 2 π d Δ n λ ,
n eff ( I ) n eff , i α ρ ( I ) ,

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