Abstract

We present an InP monolithically integrated wavelength selector that implements a binary search for selecting one from N modulated wavelengths. The InP chip requires only log2N optical filters and log2N optical switches. Experimental results show nanosecond reconfiguration and error-free wavelength selection of four modulated wavelengths with 2dB of power penalty.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. d’Alessandro, D. Donisi, R. Beccherelli, R. Asquini, R. Caputo, and C. Umeton, Opt. Express 16, 9254 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.
  3. X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1611 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.
  8. N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

2011 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Ahn, J. T.

J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Asquini, R.

Beccherelli, R.

Blumenthal, D. J.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

Bowers, J. E.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

Bradley, E. M.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Burmeister, E. F.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

Caputo, R.

Chang, S.

Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Coldren, L. A.

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1611 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

d’Alessandro, A.

Decobert, J.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Donisi, D.

Dupas, A.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Fabre, S.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Fortin, C.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Gilbert, L.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Goth, A.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Guillemot, I.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Guzzon, R. S.

Hryniewicz, J.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Johansson, L. A.

Johnson, F.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Kawaguchi, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Khalfallah, S.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Kikuchi, N.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
[CrossRef]

King, O.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Klamkin, J.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

Kondo, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Bris, J.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Lee, M. H.

J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Little, B.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Lu, X.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mack, J. P.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

Martin, B.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Miles, E. W.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ni, C.

Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Norberg, E. J.

Okamoto, H.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oku, S.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. S.

Peloso, P.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Penninckx, D.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Poulsen, H. N.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

Renaud, M.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

Samarth, R.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shanton, J.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Shibata, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stone, R. L.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tohmori, Y.

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trakalo, M.

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

Umeton, C.

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. T. Ahn, S. Park, M. H. Lee, and K. H. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1567 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Kikuchi, Y. Shibata, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Oku, Y. Kondo, and Y. Tohmori, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2481 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, S. Chang, C. Ni, and Y. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1072 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. S. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1611 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Wooten, R. L. Stone, E. W. Miles, and E. M. Bradley, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2530 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

X. Lu, M. Li, R. Samarth, and L. Zheng, Opt. Eng. 46, 040508 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (3)

S. T. Chu, B. Little, J. Hryniewicz, P. Absil, F. Johnson, O. King, M. Trakalo, and J. Shanton, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2004), p. PDP9.

E. F. Burmeister, J. P. Mack, H. N. Poulsen, J. Klamkin, L. A. Coldren, D. J. Blumenthal, and J. E.Bowers, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (OFC) (IEEE, 2008), paper OWe4.

S. Khalfallah, B. Martin, J. Decobert, S. Fabre, C. Fortin, P. Peloso, I. Guillemot, J. Le Bris, M. Renaud, A. Goth, A. Dupas, L. Gilbert, and D. Penninckx, in 27th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC) (IEEE, 2001), Vol. 6, p. 80.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operation of (a) the binary search algorithm, (b) the optical WS circuit, (c) transfer functions of the periodic filter with different free spectral ranges.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Schematic and (b) experimental setup of waveguide and electrode layout of the fabricated chip.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra recorded at the WS output for four different operations of the selector: (a)  λ 1 , (b)  λ 2 , (c)  λ 3 , (d)  λ 4 .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time response of the SOA of the optical switch.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Input packets. Complementary controls applied to (b),(c) SOA1, SOA2 of the optical switch 1; (d),(e) SOA3, SOA4 of the optical switch 2; (f)–(i) WS output traces for the wavelength λ 1 , λ 3 , λ 2 , and λ 4 , respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves of the back-to-back and static selected wavelength at λ 1 , and of the dynamic packet selected operation. Inset, eye diagrams of the signal before and after the WS at λ 1 .

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