Abstract

We have demonstrated super quasi-phase matching (QPM) in a super periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN), which is composed of multiple ordinary PPLN cells. When super QPM is achieved, the slight phase mismatch in each PPLN cell can be further compensated for, and the relevant second harmonic generation is facilitated greatly. This mechanism provides an insightful means to relieve the limitation imposed by sample fabrication inaccuracy and will open up a promising avenue toward highly efficient nonlinear interactions.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Berger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. M. Schober, G. Imeshev, and M. M. Fejer, Opt. Lett. 27, 1129 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Kasimov, A. Arie, E. Winebrand, G. Rosenman, A. Bruner, P. Shaier, and D. Eger, Opt. Express 14, 9371(2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Opt. Express 18, 7288 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Europhys. Lett. 94, 44003 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1029 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Europhys. Lett. 94, 44003 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

1998 (1)

V. Berger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1029 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Kasimov, A. Arie, E. Winebrand, G. Rosenman, A. Bruner, P. Shaier, and D. Eger, Opt. Express 14, 9371(2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Batchko, R. G.

Berger, V.

V. Berger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bruner, A.

Byer, R. L.

G. D. Miller, R. G. Batchko, W. M. Tulloch, D. R. Weise, M. M. Fejer, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 22, 1834 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dou, J.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Eger, D.

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fejer, M. M.

Furukawa, Y.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Ganany-Padowicz, A.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ge, C. Z.

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. P.

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imeshev, G.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kasimov, D.

Leng, H. Y.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z. Y.

M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Europhys. Lett. 94, 44003 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Opt. Express 18, 7288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, B.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meenakshi, S.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1029 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mehendale, S. C.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1029 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Miller, G. D.

Ming, N. B.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ni, P.

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nitanda, F.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Qin, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ren, M. L.

M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Europhys. Lett. 94, 44003 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Opt. Express 18, 7288 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosenman, G.

Rustagi, K. C.

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1029 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Schober, A. M.

Shaier, P.

Sheng, Y.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suchowski, H.

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tulloch, W. M.

Voloch, N.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. F.

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. F.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weise, D. R.

Winebrand, E.

Xie, Z. D.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, P.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokotani, A.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, K.

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X. Q.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, D.

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J. S.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, S. N.

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

B. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Sheng, P. Ni, Y. Wang, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sheng, J. Dou, B. Ma, B. Cheng, and D. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 011101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

M. L. Ren and Z. Y. Li, Europhys. Lett. 94, 44003 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

K. C. Rustagi, S. C. Mehendale, and S. Meenakshi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 1029 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Furukawa, A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, H. Yoshida, K. Yoshida, F. Nitanda, and M. Sato, J. Appl. Phys. 69, 3372(1991).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photon. 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 127, 1918 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, Phys. Rev. A 78, 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

V. Berger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4136 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, Y. Q. Qin, H. F. Wang, C. Z. Ge, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 2752 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Q. Qin, C. Zhang, Y. Y. Zhu, X. P. Hu, and G. Zhao, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 063902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Q. Yu, P. Xu, Z. D. Xie, J. F. Wang, H. Y. Leng, J. S. Zhao, S. N. Zhu, and N. B. Ming, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 233601(2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of (a) an ordinary PPLN, (b) a super PPLN, (c) an equivalent super PPLN, (d) the poled pattern of the super PPLN, and (e) phase compensation by super QPM. m represents the ordinary QPM order.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated normalized efficiency of SHW versus pump wavelength in (a) the ordinary PPLN and (b) the super one.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured efficiency of SHW against pump wavelength in the ordinary and super PPLN. Panels (a) and (b) stand for the third and first-order QPM in the ordinary PPLN, while panels (c) and (d) represent ( m , n ) super QPM in the super PPLN.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated efficiency of SHW as a function of propagation length in the ordinary and super PPLN.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

χ m , n = 2 n π sin ( n π D s ) 2 m π sin ( m π D o ) χ ( 2 ) .
χ m , n = 2 π 1 1 + 2 m N o tan ( G m , n Λ o 4 ) χ ( 2 ) ,

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