Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate ultrafast polarization switching of terahertz (THz) radiation generated by dual-color driving pulses composed of orthogonally polarized fundamental and second-harmonic waves, which can be controlled by field-free molecular alignment in air by modulating the relative phase between the two field components as a transient dynamic wave plate. By fine-tuning the time delay to properly match the molecular alignment revivals, a significant polarization modulation of the THz radiation is observed and both linearly and elliptically polarized THz radiations can be obtained.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 211102(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Durand, Y. Liu, A. Houard, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Lett. 35, 1710 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. J. Cook and R. M. Hochstrasser, Opt. Lett. 25, 1210 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161103 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2010

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Durand, Y. Liu, A. Houard, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Lett. 35, 1710 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 211102(2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

Akturk, S.

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amico, C. D.

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cai, H.

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cook, D. J.

Couairon, A.

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 211102(2007).
[CrossRef]

Daranciang, D.

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Durand, M.

Franco, M.

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Houard, A.

M. Durand, Y. Liu, A. Houard, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Lett. 35, 1710 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karpowicz, N.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, K. Y.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Bloas, J.

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lindenberg, A. M.

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

M. Durand, Y. Liu, A. Houard, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Lett. 35, 1710 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, P.

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

M. Durand, Y. Liu, A. Houard, and A. Mysyrowicz, Opt. Lett. 35, 1710 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, H.

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B.

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodriguez, G.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seideman, T.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stapelfeldt, H.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tikhonchuk, V. T.

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, Y.

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wen, H.

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 211102(2007).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, Opt. Lett. 34, 827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 211102(2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Dai, X. Xie, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 211102(2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen, D. Daranciang, and A. M. Lindenberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 161103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, P. Lu, J. Liu, H. Li, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 161106 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon.

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photon. 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

C. D. Amico, A. Houard, S. Akturk, Y. Liu, J. Le Bloas, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Couairon, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, New J. Phys. 10, 013015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J. Wu, Y. Tong, M. Li, H. Pan and H. Zeng, Phys. Rev. A 82, 053416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, A. Houard, B. Prade, S. Akturk, A. Mysyrowicz, and V. T. Tikhonchuk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 135002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Houard, Y. Liu, B. Prade, V. T. Tikhonchuk, and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 255006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

H. Stapelfeldt and T. Seideman, Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 543 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic for THz polarization switching by molecular alignment. The electric-optical (EO) sampling technique was used to detect THz radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured THz electric field from the orthogonally polarized dual-color pulse as a function of the M-pulse time delay with M-pulse energy of 0.43 mJ . THz intensities around (b) quarter- and (c) half-revivals. Phase delay between vertical and horizontal polarization of the THz radiation around (d) quarter- and (e) half-revivals. Y and X present the vertical and horizontal polarizations. At point T, linearly polarized THz radiation was generated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Different time delays were chosen to measure THz polarizations. (b)–(c) Various THz polarizations at delays C, C , D, and D . (d) Various THz polarizations from delay A to E around the quarter-revival.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated refractive index change experienced by the SH (red curve) and FW (blue curve) components around (a) quarter- and (b) half-revivals. The calculated FW-SH phase delay (blue curve) and phase delay between vertical (Y) and horizontal (X) polarization of the THz radi ation (red curve) around (c) quarter- and (d) half-revivals, respectively.

Equations (3)

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Δ ϕ = 2 π ( δ n FW / λ FW δ n SH / λ SH ) d ,
2 α = arctan [ 2 E x E y cos Δ ψ / ( E x 2 E y 2 ) ] ,
δ n = 2 π ρ 0 Δ α [ cos 2 θ 1 / 3 ] / n 0 ,

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