Abstract

A lateral-shearing interferometer with a pair of double Fresnel rhombs is proposed. Use of Fresnel rhombs enables us to accomplish simultaneously lateral shearing and achromatic nulling. Nulling interferometry with lateral shearing is one of the basic methods for searching directly for extrasolar planets with a segmented-mirror telescope. Here the Thirty-Meter Telescope is considered as a model of a segmented-mirror telescope. Our computer simulations show high extinction for the K-band (2.02.4μm). Optical experiments are conducted to verify the lateral shearing and nulling with a pair of double Fresnel rhombs.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Shao, J. Wallace, B. Levine, and D. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5487, 1296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Proc. SPIE 4838, 1451 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1996 (1)

1970 (1)

1969 (1)

1966 (1)

R. J. King, J. Sci. Instrum. 43, 617 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abe, L.

Aime, C.

C. Aime, G. Ricort, A. Carlotti, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 517, A55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baba, N.

Bennet, J. M.

Carlotti, A.

C. Aime, G. Ricort, A. Carlotti, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 517, A55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Clapham, P. B.

Defrere, D.

Downs, M. J.

Fleury, K.

Frolov, P.

Gay, J.

C. Aime, G. Ricort, A. Carlotti, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 517, A55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Habraken, S.

Hanot, C.

Ishigaki, T.

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Proc. SPIE 4838, 1451 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Opt. Lett. 26, 1167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

King, R. J.

Korablev, O.

Ksanfomaliti, L.

Kurokawa, T.

Lenaerts, C.

Levine, B.

M. Shao, J. Wallace, B. Levine, and D. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5487, 1296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

M. Shao, J. Wallace, B. Levine, and D. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5487, 1296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Loieq, J.

Mantravadi, M.

M. Strojnik, G. Paez, and M. Mantravadi, in Optical Shop Testing, 3rd ed., D.Malacara, ed. (Wiley, 2007), pp. 122–184.
[CrossRef]

Mawet, D.

Murakami, N.

Nishikawa, J.

Paez, G.

M. Strojnik, G. Paez, and M. Mantravadi, in Optical Shop Testing, 3rd ed., D.Malacara, ed. (Wiley, 2007), pp. 122–184.
[CrossRef]

Plesseria, J.-Y.

Rabbia, Y.

C. Aime, G. Ricort, A. Carlotti, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 517, A55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Riaud, P.

Ricort, G.

C. Aime, G. Ricort, A. Carlotti, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 517, A55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rodin, A.

Scholl, M. S.

Shao, M.

M. Shao, J. Wallace, B. Levine, and D. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5487, 1296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Strojnik, M.

M. Strojnik, G. Paez, and M. Mantravadi, in Optical Shop Testing, 3rd ed., D.Malacara, ed. (Wiley, 2007), pp. 122–184.
[CrossRef]

Surdej, J.

Takeda, M.

Tamura, M.

Tavrov, A.

Vandormael, D.

Wallace, J.

M. Shao, J. Wallace, B. Levine, and D. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5487, 1296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yokochi, K.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

C. Aime, G. Ricort, A. Carlotti, Y. Rabbia, and J. Gay, Astron. Astrophys. 517, A55 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. J. King, J. Sci. Instrum. 43, 617 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (2)

N. Baba, N. Murakami, and T. Ishigaki, Proc. SPIE 4838, 1451 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Shao, J. Wallace, B. Levine, and D. Liu, Proc. SPIE 5487, 1296 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Strojnik, G. Paez, and M. Mantravadi, in Optical Shop Testing, 3rd ed., D.Malacara, ed. (Wiley, 2007), pp. 122–184.
[CrossRef]

http://www.tmt.org/.

http://www.eso.org/public/teles-instr/e-elt.html.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed Fresnel-rhomb half-wave plate used for a lateral-shearing nulling interferometer. The difference in the sizes of the two rhombs δ generates a lateral shear s.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical setup of the lateral-shearing interferometer by use of a pair of double Fresnel rhombs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Illustration of the TMT’s pupil and directions of x and y shearings. Right two images show transmission maps for planetary light when (b) x shearing and (c) x and y shearings are conducted.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Extinction profile for a pointlike star. Dotted and solid curves show intensity distributions of a star image without and with nulling, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Extinction profile with x- and y-shearing operation when a star has a finite apparent size of 0.15 λ / D .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimentally acquired images on a Lyot-stop plane: (a) nulling mode and (b) constructive mode.

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