Abstract

We describe a rigidly mounted optical cavity that is insensitive to inertial forces acting in any direction and to the compressive force used to constrain it. The design is based on a cubic geometry with four supports placed symmetrically about the optical axis in a tetrahedral configuration. To measure the inertial force sensitivity, a laser is locked to the cavity while it is inverted about three orthogonal axes. The maximum acceleration sensitivity is 2.5×1011/g (where g=9.81ms2), the lowest passive sensitivity to be reported for an optical cavity.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G. Brooker, Modern Classical Optics (Oxford University, 2003).
  2. B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Eisele, A. Y. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 090401 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Gill, Metrologia 42, S125 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 29, 1497 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Schiller, “Space–time explorer and quantum equivalence principle space test,” http://www.exphy.uni-duesseldorf.de/optical_clock/ste-quest.php.
  12. T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Express 19, 3471 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, J. C. Bergquist, and T. Rosenband, Opt. Express 19, 10278 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Express 19, 3471 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, J. C. Bergquist, and T. Rosenband, Opt. Express 19, 10278 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Eisele, A. Y. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 090401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Gill, Metrologia 42, S125 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 29, 1497 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Express 19, 3471 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, J. C. Bergquist, and T. Rosenband, Opt. Express 19, 10278 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bize, S.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brooker, G.

G. Brooker, Modern Classical Optics (Oxford University, 2003).

Camp, J.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chou, C. W.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cruz, F. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Danzmann, K.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Drullinger, R. E.

Eisele, C.

C. Eisele, A. Y. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 090401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

English, E. M. L.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R. W.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Frede, M.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Gill, Metrologia 42, S125 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 29, 1497 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hume, D. B.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itano, W. M.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kemery, A.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

King, P.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kwee, P.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Coq, Y.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leibrandt, D. R.

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, N. D.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lemonde, P.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lodewyck, J.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A. D.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Magalhães, D. V.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mandache, C.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Millo, J.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A. Y.

C. Eisele, A. Y. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 090401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notcutt, M.

Numata, K.

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oxborrow, M.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 29, 1497 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pugla, S.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Puncken, O.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, F.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, J. C. Bergquist, and T. Rosenband, Opt. Express 19, 10278 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Leibrandt, M. J. Thorpe, M. Notcutt, R. E. Drullinger, T. Rosenband, and J. C. Bergquist, Opt. Express 19, 3471 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Santarelli, G.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Savage, R. L.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schiller, S.

C. Eisele, A. Y. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 090401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Schiller, “Space–time explorer and quantum equivalence principle space test,” http://www.exphy.uni-duesseldorf.de/optical_clock/ste-quest.php.

Schulz, B.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, F.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sherman, J. A.

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

Veltkamp, C.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Webster, S. A.

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 29, 1497 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wessels, P.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Westergaard, P. G.

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wineland, D. J.

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winkelmann, L.

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Young, B. C.

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Class. Quantum Grav. (1)

B. Willke, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, P. King, D. Kracht, P. Kwee, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage Jr., B. Schulz, F. Seifert, C. Veltkamp, S. Wagner, P. Wessels, and L. Winkelmann, Class. Quantum Grav. 25, 114040 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Metrologia (1)

P. Gill, Metrologia 42, S125 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (2)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, Nat. Photon. 5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Jiang, A. D. Ludlow, N. D. Lemke, R. W. Fox, J. A. Sherman, L.-S. Ma, and C. W. Oates, Nat. Photon. 5, 158 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. A. Webster, M. Oxborrow, S. Pugla, J. Millo, and P. Gill, Phys. Rev. A 77, 033847 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Millo, D. V. Magalhães, C. Mandache, Y. Le Coq, E. M. L. English, P. G. Westergaard, J. Lodewyck, S. Bize, P. Lemonde, and G. Santarelli, Phys. Rev. A 79, 053829 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

C. Eisele, A. Y. Nevsky, and S. Schiller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 090401 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Numata, A. Kemery, and J. Camp, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 250602 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Young, F. C. Cruz, W. M. Itano, and J. C. Bergquist, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3799 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

C. W. Chou, D. B. Hume, T. Rosenband, and D. J. Wineland, Science 329, 1630 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. Schiller, “Space–time explorer and quantum equivalence principle space test,” http://www.exphy.uni-duesseldorf.de/optical_clock/ste-quest.php.

G. Brooker, Modern Classical Optics (Oxford University, 2003).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cubic cavity (a) in isolation and (b) mounted within vacuum chamber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results of finite-element analysis in which a compressive force of 1 N is applied at each of the supports. (a) Fractional length change as a function of the depth of cut at the vertices. (b) Axial displacement for a cut depth of 6.7 mm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fractional frequency as a function of time on repeated inversion. Linear drift is subtracted from the data and transients, which occur during inversion, are removed for clarity.

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