Abstract

A novel on-axis one-element polarization-independent light in- and out-coupling mechanism for surface plasmon resonance (SPR) is proposed. The system utilizes an integrated high-NA concentric chirped grating to both focus the incident light on the metallic film and collimate the reflected beam onto a CCD array to extract the SPR signal. With NA up to 1.47, a broad sensing dynamic range from n=1 to 1.35 can be achieved. An analytical model is implemented to demonstrate the dependency of the radial location of the resonances on the detecting substance and its sensitivity to the change of the refractive index. The model shows a trend similar to rigorous ray-tracing calculations.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on the Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986), Chap. 2.
  2. J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Guaglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Homola and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 331 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. Huang, F. Yu, and R. N. Zare, Anal. Chem. 79, 2979(2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. G. Moharam, E. B. Grann, D. A. Pommet, and T. K. Gaylord, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1068 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides(Academic, 1974), Chap. 1.

2010 (1)

M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

B. Huang, F. Yu, and R. N. Zare, Anal. Chem. 79, 2979(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Guaglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Borre, M.

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ctyroký, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Díaz-Herrera, N.

M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Esteban, Ó.

M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

González-Cano, A.

M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grann, E. B.

Guaglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Guaglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Holzhueter, G.

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Homola, J.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Guaglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Huang, B.

B. Huang, F. Yu, and R. N. Zare, Anal. Chem. 79, 2979(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnston, K. S.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maníková, Z.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides(Academic, 1974), Chap. 1.

Moharam, M. G.

Navarrete, M. C.

M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neff, H.

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, S. G.

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pedersen, H. C.

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Piliarik, M.

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pommet, D. A.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on the Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986), Chap. 2.

Thirstrup, C.

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S. S.

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Guaglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yu, F.

B. Huang, F. Yu, and R. N. Zare, Anal. Chem. 79, 2979(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zare, R. N.

B. Huang, F. Yu, and R. N. Zare, Anal. Chem. 79, 2979(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zong, W.

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

B. Huang, F. Yu, and R. N. Zare, Anal. Chem. 79, 2979(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Plasmonics (1)

M. C. Navarrete, N. Díaz-Herrera, A. González-Cano, and Ó. Esteban, Plasmonics 5, 7 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (5)

C. Thirstrup, W. Zong, M. Borre, H. Neff, H. C. Pedersen, and G. Holzhueter, Sens. Actuators B 100, 298 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Čtyroký, Sens. Actuators B 90, 236 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Guaglitz, Sens. Actuators B 54, 3 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Nelson, K. S. Johnston, and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 35, 187 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola and S. S. Yee, Sens. Actuators B 51, 331 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on the Gratings (Springer-Verlag, 1986), Chap. 2.

D. Marcuse, Theory of Dielectric Optical Waveguides(Academic, 1974), Chap. 1.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Single DOE in–out-coupling scheme. (b) Coupling planes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the modeled system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top left, angular response of the gold film at 650 nm . Top right, bottom left, and bottom right are calculated inten sity at the CCD for TM, TE, and randomly polarized light, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Plots of SPR responses versus the refractive index of the superstrate. (b) Comparisons of analytical model and ray-tracing of normalized resonance location and sensitivity.

Equations (6)

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2 π λ ε d sin θ inc R { 2 π λ ε m ( λ ) ε s ε m ( λ ) + ε s } ,
NA = ε d sin ( Δ ψ ) > ( R { ε m ( λ ) ε s , max ε m ( λ ) + ε s , max } ) .
p ( r ) = λ ε d sin ψ ( r ) = λ ε d 1 + ( t r ) 2 .
r min > t ε d NA 2 1 .
r o ( n s ) = t ε d n s 2 + ε d ε m 1 .
( Δ n s Δ r o ) = n s 3 t ε d ( ε d n s 2 + ε d ε m 1 3 ) .

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