Abstract

We experimentally studied the spatial coherence of random laser emission from dye solutions containing nanoparticles. The spatial coherence, measured in a double slit experiment, varied significantly with the density of scatterers and the size and shape of the excitation volume. A qualitative explanation is provided, illustrating the dramatic difference from the spatial coherence of a conventional laser. This work demonstrates that random lasers can be controlled to provide intense, spatially incoherent emission for applications in which spatial cross talk or speckle limit performance.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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H. E. Tureci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

2002 (3)

M. Patra, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and A. L. Burin, Phys. Rev. E 66, 025601R (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. van Soest, F. J. Poelwijk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. E 65, 046603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

N. Negi, H. Yamamoto, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, Proc. SPIE 4416, 384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1993 (1)

Anastasiadis, S. H.

Anglos, D.

Auzel, F.

Burin, A. L.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and A. L. Burin, Phys. Rev. E 66, 025601R (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cao, C. Q.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

X. Wu and H. Cao, Opt. Lett. 32, 3089 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and A. L. Burin, Phys. Rev. E 66, 025601R (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 2003), pp. 317–367.
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chellappa, R.

deOliveira, P. C.

Der, S.

Egarievwe, S. U.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Filippidis, G.

Ge, L.

H. E. Tureci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giannelis, E. P.

Gouedard, C.

Hayasaki, Y.

N. Negi, H. Yamamoto, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, Proc. SPIE 4416, 384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Husson, D.

Jiang, X. Y.

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

Karamata, B.

Kumar, P.

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagendijk, A.

G. van Soest, F. J. Poelwijk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. E 65, 046603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lambelet, P.

Lasser, T.

Laubscher, M.

Lawandy, N. M.

Ling, Y.

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and A. L. Burin, Phys. Rev. E 66, 025601R (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGreevy, J. A.

Migus, A.

Negi, N.

N. Negi, H. Yamamoto, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, Proc. SPIE 4416, 384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, N.

N. Negi, H. Yamamoto, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, Proc. SPIE 4416, 384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Papadakis, V. M.

Papadogiannis, N. A.

Papazoglou, D. G.

Papazoglou, T. G.

Patra, M.

M. Patra, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poelwijk, F. J.

G. van Soest, F. J. Poelwijk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. E 65, 046603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Redman, B.

Rotter, S.

H. E. Tureci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salathe, R. P.

Sauteret, C.

Soukoulis, C. M.

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

Stassinopoulos, A.

Stone, A. D.

H. E. Tureci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tureci, H. E.

H. E. Tureci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Soest, G.

G. van Soest, F. J. Poelwijk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. E 65, 046603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. C.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Xu, J. Y.

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and A. L. Burin, Phys. Rev. E 66, 025601R (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, H.

N. Negi, H. Yamamoto, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, Proc. SPIE 4416, 384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zacharakis, G.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Phys. (1)

D. S. Wiersma, Nat. Phys. 4, 359 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, N. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, and J. C. Wang, Opt. Mater. 12, 127 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. Patra, Phys. Rev. A 65, 043809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Cao, X. Y. Jiang, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. B 67, 161101(R) (2003).

Phys. Rev. E (2)

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, and A. L. Burin, Phys. Rev. E 66, 025601R (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. van Soest, F. J. Poelwijk, and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. E 65, 046603 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H. Cao, Y. Ling, J. Y. Xu, C. Q. Cao, and P. Kumar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 4524 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. Negi, H. Yamamoto, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, Proc. SPIE 4416, 384 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. E. Tureci, L. Ge, S. Rotter, and A. D. Stone, Science 320, 643 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

H. Cao, in Progress in Optics, E.Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 2003), pp. 317–367.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Random laser characterization—each column corresponds to a sample/pump configuration defined by the scattering mean free path of the sample ( l s ) and the pump spot diameter (d). Top row: Side-view images of the excitation volume (scale bar is 100 μm ). Second row: Normalized emis sion spectra for a single pulse taken at 2 × lasing threshold. Third row: Far-field interference fringe images (scale bar is 200 μm ). Fourth row: Normalized, average cross section of the interference fringes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mutual coherence function γ of laser emission from samples with varying mean free path l s (indicated in the legend) as a function of the pump spot diameter d. The inset shows γ measured on the sample with l s = 500 μm and d = 215 μm for various spatial distances between the pairs of points on the emission spot.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The photoluminescence (PL) spectra (left column) and interference fringes (right column) are presented at 3 × (bottom row) and 8 × (top row) lasing threshold for the sample with a mean free path l s = 500 μm and excited with a pump spot of d = 215 μm .

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