Abstract

Pronounced retroreflection behavior is reported for a fishnet nanoporous strongly absorbing semiconductor material. Retroreflection features a half-cone about 0.35rad along with diffusive specular reflection for all angles of incidence. Retroreflection is apparent by the naked eye with daylight illumination and exhibits no selectivity with respect to wavelength and polarization of incident light featuring minor depolarization of retroreflected light. The reflectance in the backward direction measures 12% with respect to a white scattering etalon. The phenomenon can be classified neither as coherent backscattering nor as Anderson localization of light. The primary model includes light scattering from strongly absorptive and refractive superwavelength clusters existing within the porous fishnet structure. A reasonable qualitative explanation is based on the fact that strict retroreflection obeys shorter paths inside absorbing medium, whereas all alternative paths will lead to stronger absorption of light.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. E. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. M. Aegerter, M. Störzer, S. Fiebig, W. Bührer, and G. Maret, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, A23 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Maciá, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 397 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Lavrinenko, and S. V. Gaponenko, Europhys. Lett. 66, 455 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. S. Wiersma, Nature 406, 132 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. V. Gaponenko, Introduction to Nanophotonics(Cambridge University, 2010).
  11. S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Madelung, Semiconductors: Data Handbook, 3rd ed. (Springer, 2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Petrova, V. Tishkovets, and K. Jockers, Icarus 188, 233(2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 357 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, and A. R. McGurn, Ann. Phys. 203, 255 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. S. Trowbridge, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1225 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. V. Gaponenko, Introduction to Nanophotonics(Cambridge University, 2010).

2008 (1)

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

C. M. Aegerter, M. Störzer, S. Fiebig, W. Bührer, and G. Maret, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, A23 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Petrova, V. Tishkovets, and K. Jockers, Icarus 188, 233(2007).
[CrossRef]

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. Maciá, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 397 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Lavrinenko, and S. V. Gaponenko, Europhys. Lett. 66, 455 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Madelung, Semiconductors: Data Handbook, 3rd ed. (Springer, 2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, Nature 406, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 357 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, and A. R. McGurn, Ann. Phys. 203, 255 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985 (2)

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

Aegerter, C.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

Aegerter, C. M.

Akkermans, E.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

Bartolini, P.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Blanco, A.

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bondarenko, V.

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bührer, W.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Aegerter, M. Störzer, S. Fiebig, W. Bührer, and G. Maret, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, A23 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Carstensen, J.

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Christophersen, M.

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dorofeev, A.

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, S.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Aegerter, M. Störzer, S. Fiebig, W. Bührer, and G. Maret, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, A23 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Föll, H.

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaponenko, N.

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gaponenko, S.

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gaponenko, S. V.

S. V. Gaponenko, Introduction to Nanophotonics(Cambridge University, 2010).

S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Lavrinenko, and S. V. Gaponenko, Europhys. Lett. 66, 455 (2004).
[CrossRef]

García, P. D.

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Germanenko, I.

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jockers, K.

E. Petrova, V. Tishkovets, and K. Jockers, Icarus 188, 233(2007).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Langa, S.

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lavrinenko, A. V.

S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Lavrinenko, and S. V. Gaponenko, Europhys. Lett. 66, 455 (2004).
[CrossRef]

López, C.

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lutich, A.

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maciá, E.

E. Maciá, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 397 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Madelung, O.

O. Madelung, Semiconductors: Data Handbook, 3rd ed. (Springer, 2004).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, and A. R. McGurn, Ann. Phys. 203, 255 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Maret, G.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Aegerter, M. Störzer, S. Fiebig, W. Bührer, and G. Maret, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, A23 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGurn, A. R.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, and A. R. McGurn, Ann. Phys. 203, 255 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 357 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Michel, T.

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, and A. R. McGurn, Ann. Phys. 203, 255 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Molchan, I.

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Montambaux, G.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

Parkhutik, V.

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, E.

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Petrova, E.

E. Petrova, V. Tishkovets, and K. Jockers, Icarus 188, 233(2007).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sapienza, R.

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sokol, V.

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Störzer, M.

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Aegerter, M. Störzer, S. Fiebig, W. Bührer, and G. Maret, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, A23 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stupak, A.

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tiginyanu, I. M.

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tishkovets, V.

E. Petrova, V. Tishkovets, and K. Jockers, Icarus 188, 233(2007).
[CrossRef]

Trowbridge, T. S.

van Albada, M. P.

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. S.

D. S. Wiersma, Nature 406, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, P. E.

P. E. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhukovsky, S. V.

S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Lavrinenko, and S. V. Gaponenko, Europhys. Lett. 66, 455 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

P. D. García, R. Sapienza, A. Blanco, and C. López, Adv. Mater. 19, 2597 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (1)

A. A. Maradudin, T. Michel, and A. R. McGurn, Ann. Phys. 203, 255 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Langa, J. Carstensen, M. Christophersen, H. Föll, and I. M. Tiginyanu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1074 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Gaponenko, I. Germanenko, E. Petrov, A. Stupak, V. Bondarenko, and A. Dorofeev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 85 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (2)

S. Fiebig, C. Aegerter, W. Bührer, M. Störzer, E. Akkermans, G. Montambaux, and G. Maret, Europhys. Lett. 81, 64004(2008).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Zhukovsky, A. V. Lavrinenko, and S. V. Gaponenko, Europhys. Lett. 66, 455 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Icarus (1)

E. Petrova, V. Tishkovets, and K. Jockers, Icarus 188, 233(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

A. Lutich, S. Gaponenko, N. Gaponenko, I. Molchan, V. Sokol, and V. Parkhutik, Nano Lett. 4, 1755 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

D. S. Wiersma, Nature 406, 132 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Wiersma, P. Bartolini, A. Lagendijk, and R. Righini, Nature 390, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. P. van Albada and A. Lagendijk, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2692 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. E. Wolf and G. Maret, Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

E. Maciá, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 397 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Sci. Rep. (1)

A. R. McGurn, Surf. Sci. Rep. 10, 357 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

O. Madelung, Semiconductors: Data Handbook, 3rd ed. (Springer, 2004).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Gaponenko, Introduction to Nanophotonics(Cambridge University, 2010).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM images of four InP samples.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scattering angular diagrams: (a), (b), (c), and (d) for the four samples previously imaged in Figs. 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, respectively, (e) for a nanoporous alumina plate with vertically aligned subwavelength pores, and (f) for the spectral reflectance standard. Lines with arrows indicate the incidence direction ( α = 45 ° and 40 ° ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scattering diagrams for s, p, and mixed p s polarization of incident light for sample #6 for three values of incidence angle α. Incidence direction is shown by the arrows. The inset shows naked-eye observation of retroreflection in daylight with a paper clip indicating incidence direction and a bulk GaAs sample shown for comparison.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and calculated light intensity versus angle of detection. Experimental data are taken for sample #6 as presented in Fig. 3 (p polarization of incident light, angle of incidence α = 20 ° ). Calculations are presented for a random ensemble of spherical particles with average diameters of 0.3 and 1.4 μm , n = 3.8 , and κ = 0.5 .

Metrics