Abstract

We demonstrated active phase locking a nine-element 1.14kW all-fiber master-oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) array using the stochastic parallel gradient descent (SPGD) blind optimization algorithm. Two spectrally combined single-frequency seed lasers, which provide potential ability to suppress the stimulated Brillouin scattering effect, are employed as a master oscillator for the nine MOPA channels. The nine laser beams are tiled side by side into a 3×3 laser array with a fill factor of 40% in the near field. When the SPGD controller is enabled, the metric function is increased 4.1 times, and a visibility more than 90% of the interference pattern at the receiving plane is obtained. The computed phase residual error is less than λ/15, despite the phase fluctuation of each channel.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, and A. D. Sanchez, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

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2004 (1)

Adel, P.

Aschenbach, K.

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[CrossRef]

Auerbach, M.

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, and A. D. Sanchez, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).

Bennai, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bo, Y.

Book, L. D.

Bourdon, P.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Canat, G.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carhart, G. W.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

Chen, Y.

Connors, M. K.

Corcoran, C. J.

C. J. Corcoran and F. Durville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118(2005).
[CrossRef]

Creedon, K. J.

Dong, J.

Durville, F.

C. J. Corcoran and F. Durville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118(2005).
[CrossRef]

Fallnich, C.

Fan, T. Y.

Goldizen, K. C.

C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 36, 2686(2011).

Goodno, G. D.

Goular, D.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L.

Guo, S.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

He, B.

Huang, R. K.

Jaouen, Y.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jolivet, V.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kansky, J. E.

Li, L.

Liu, A.

Liu, L.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lou, Q.

Ma, H.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Missaggia, L. J.

Moreau, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, D. V.

C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 36, 2686(2011).

Peng, Q.

Pourtal, E.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Y.

Ranka, J. K.

Redmond, S. M.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Sanchez, A.

C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 36, 2686(2011).

S. J. Augst, J. K. Ranka, T. Y. Fan, and A. Sanchez, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1707 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, A. D.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, and A. D. Sanchez, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).

Sanchez-Rubio, A.

Shay, T. M.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, and A. D. Sanchez, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).

Si, L.

Su, Z.

Sun, Z.

Turner, G. W.

Vasseur, O.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorontsov, M.

M. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 589501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vorontsov, M. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Wang, X.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

Weßels, P.

Weyrauch, T.

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Xue, D.

Yang, X.

Yu, C. X.

C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 36, 2686(2011).

Zhang, F.

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, J.

Zhou, P.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. J. Corcoran and F. Durville, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201118(2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

M. A. Vorontsov, T. Weyrauch, L. A. Beresnev, G. W. Carhart, L. Liu, and K. Aschenbach, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 269 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouen, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Vorontsov, Proc. SPIE 5895, 589501 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, and A. D. Sanchez, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).

Other (1)

C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, S. M. Redmond, K. C. Goldizen, D. V. Murphy, A. Sanchez, and T. Y. Fan, Opt. Lett. 36, 2686(2011).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (491 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for active phasing a nine-element 1.14 kW all-fiber two-tone MOPA array using the SPGD blind optimization algorithm. S1, S2, seed lasers; C, coupler; A0, preamplifier; PM, phase modulator; AI, AII, AIII, amplifiers in different stages; CO, collimator; BC, beam combiner; BS0, BS1, beam splitters; HR, high reflection mirror; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of beam combination.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Metric function and interference pattern in (b) an open loop, (c) a closed loop without degradation, and (d) a closed loop with degradation. (See Media 1.)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Power characteristic of the first MOPA seeded by seed 2 and by spectrally combined master oscillator.

Metrics