Abstract

An improved efficient projection of color images is presented. It uses a phase spatial light modulator with three iteratively optimized Fourier holograms displayed simultaneously—each for one primary color. This spatial division instead of time division provides stable images. A pixelated structure of the modulator and fluctuations of liquid crystal molecules cause a zeroth-order peak, eliminated by additional wavelength-dependent phase factors shifting it before the image plane, where it is blocked with a matched filter. Speckles are suppressed by time integration of variable speckle patterns generated by additional randomizations of an initial phase and minor changes of the signal.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yaras, J. Display Technol. 6, 443 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2006

2004

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

1972

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

1971

Bernet, S.

Buckley, E.

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

Cable, A. J.

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

Campos, J.

Collings, N.

Crossland, W. A.

O. Trushkevych, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and T. D. Wilkinson, Appl. Opt. 45, 8889 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

Ducin, I.

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Fernandez, E.

Gerchberg, R. W.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Ichihashi, Y.

Iemmi, C.

Ito, T.

Jaroszewicz, Z.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Jesacher, A.

Joyeux, D.

Kakarenko, K.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Kolodziejczyk, A.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lawrence, N. A.

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

Liu, J.

Lizana, A.

Lowenthal, S.

Makowski, M.

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Marquez, A.

Mash, P.

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

Masuda, N.

Maurer, C.

Moreno, I.

Niwa, M.

Ritsch-Marte, M.

Saxton, W. O.

R. W. Gerchberg and W. O. Saxton, Optik 35, 237 (1972).

Schwaighofer, A.

Shimobaba, T.

Shiraki, A.

Siemion, A.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suszek, J.

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Sypek, M.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

M. Makowski, I. Ducin, M. Sypek, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, and A. Kolodziejczyk, Opt. Lett. 35, 1227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takada, N.

Trushkevych, O.

Wang, Y.

Wilkinson, T. D.

O. Trushkevych, N. Collings, W. A. Crossland, and T. D. Wilkinson, Appl. Opt. 45, 8889 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Cable, E. Buckley, P. Mash, N. A. Lawrence, T. D. Wilkinson, and W. A. Crossland, Proc. SID Symposium 35, 1431 (2004).

Wojnowski, D.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Xie, J.

Yaras, F.

Yzuel, M. J.

Zaremba, M.

K. Kakarenko, M. Zaremba, I. Ducin, M. Makowski, A. Siemion, A. Siemion, J. Suszek, M. Sypek, D. Wojnowski, Z. Jaroszewicz, and A. Kołodziejczyk, Phot. Lett. Pol. 2, 128 (2010).

Zhang, H.

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (4591 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (3994 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the optical setup: (a) He–Ne laser, (b) DPSS Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm , (c) laser diode at 445 nm , (d) beam expander, (e) amplitude filter for partial illumination of the SLM, (f) mirror, (g) half-transparent mirror, (h) SLM, (i) low-pass amplitude filter, (j) high-pass amplitude filter (see Fig. 2) placed in the geometrical Fourier plane, (k) screen with piezoelectric movements, (l) Canon EOS 500D camera with 75–300 zoom lens and macro rings.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photographically obtained high-pass filter used to block the zero peak.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Exemplary projected images without (left column) and with (right column) high-pass zeroth-order filtering. The size of the images is approximately 15 cm × 15 cm at 2 m from the SLM.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Animated movie: (a) without zero peak filtering (Media 1) and (b) with filtering (Media 2).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Contrast and noise ratios against the number of time-integrated holograms: 1–5, created with random initial phase distributions; 6–10, created with minor shift and rescaling of the signal.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pictures obtained on a projection screen with different speckle suppression techniques applied: (a) three iterations of IFTA, (b) IFTA with time averaging, (c) IFTA with time averaging and piezoelectric screen movements.

Equations (1)

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T R , G , B ( x , y ) = S R , G , B ( x , y ) e i π f λ R , G , B ( x 2 + y 2 ) ,

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