Abstract

Superbroadband near-infrared (NIR) emission covering 1250 to 1680nm wavelength has been obtained in praseodymium (Pr3+) singly doped bismuth gallate glasses. The emission originates from the G41H53 and D21G41 transitions at 1330 and 1490nm wavelengths, respectively, and is due to the extremely low phonon energy (690cm1) and the unique ligand field of the glasses. It is shown that the emission line shape can be modified by adjusting the Pr3+ concentration and the energy transfers involved. The results confirm that other than bismuth (Bi), chromium (Cr), nickel (Ni), and other chemical elements, Pr3+ singly doped system is a promising alternative in achieving superbroadband NIR emission.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011 (2)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. J. Chen, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Express 19, 6514 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 151106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Ganem, J. Crawford, and P. Schmidt, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

J. H. Schon, C. Kloc, A. Dodabalapur, and B. Batlogg, Science 289, 599 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Man, E. Y. B. Pun, and P. S. Chung, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 23 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (1)

1991 (2)

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, and Y. Fukasaku, Electron. Lett. 27, 1706 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Aitken, B. G.

Allain, J. Y.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Batlogg, B.

J. H. Schon, C. Kloc, A. Dodabalapur, and B. Batlogg, Science 289, 599 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigot, L.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. J.

Chen, D.

Chung, P. S.

Crawford, J.

J. Ganem, J. Crawford, and P. Schmidt, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

J. H. Schon, C. Kloc, A. Dodabalapur, and B. Batlogg, Science 289, 599 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, G.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fukasaku, Y.

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, and Y. Fukasaku, Electron. Lett. 27, 1706 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gahagan, K. T.

Ganem, J.

J. Ganem, J. Crawford, and P. Schmidt, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Glodis, P. F.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hewak, D. W.

Huang, L.

Huang, L. H.

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Kasap, S.

S. Kasap, in The Optics Encyclopedia, T.Brown, K.Creath, H.Kogelnik, M.A.Kriss, J.Schmit, and M.J.Weber, eds. (Wiley, 2004), Vol.  4, pp. 2237–2284.

Kloc, C.

J. H. Schon, C. Kloc, A. Dodabalapur, and B. Batlogg, Science 289, 599 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lerouge, A.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. M.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. J. Chen, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Express 19, 6514 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Express 18, 18805 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Lett. 35, 211 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 151106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Man, S. Q.

Meng, X.

Miyajima, Y.

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, and Y. Fukasaku, Electron. Lett. 27, 1706 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Newhouse, M. A.

Payne, D. N.

Peng, M.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2433 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poignant, H.

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

W. Song and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

B. Zhou, H. Lin, B. J. Chen, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Express 19, 6514 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Express 18, 18805 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhou, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Lett. 35, 211 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 151106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Man, E. Y. B. Pun, and P. S. Chung, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 23 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, J. Qiu, D. Chen, X. Meng, and C. Zhu, Opt. Lett. 30, 2433 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quimby, R. S.

Razdobreev, I.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Schmidt, P.

J. Ganem, J. Crawford, and P. Schmidt, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schon, J. H.

J. H. Schon, C. Kloc, A. Dodabalapur, and B. Batlogg, Science 289, 599 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweizer, T.

Shen, S.

Shraiman, B. I.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, W.

W. Song and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stephen, M. J.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugawa, T.

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, and Y. Fukasaku, Electron. Lett. 27, 1706 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G. A.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Truong, V. G.

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. Y.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. L.

B. Zhou, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and E. Y. B. Pun, Opt. Lett. 35, 211 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 151106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. X.

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

Zhu, C.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

V. G. Truong, L. Bigot, A. Lerouge, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 041908 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Song and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 081101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 151106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. Y. Allain, M. Monerie, and H. Poignant, Electron. Lett. 27, 1156 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Y. Miyajima, T. Sugawa, and Y. Fukasaku, Electron. Lett. 27, 1706 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Zhou, E. Y. B. Pun, H. Lin, D. L. Yang, and L. H. Huang, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 103105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

H. Lin, X. Y. Wang, C. M. Li, H. X. Yang, E. Y. B. Pun, and S. Tanabe, J. Lumin. 128, 74 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

M. Peng, G. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Ganem, J. Crawford, and P. Schmidt, Phys. Rev. B 66, 245101 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. H. Schon, C. Kloc, A. Dodabalapur, and B. Batlogg, Science 289, 599 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

S. Kasap, in The Optics Encyclopedia, T.Brown, K.Creath, H.Kogelnik, M.A.Kriss, J.Schmit, and M.J.Weber, eds. (Wiley, 2004), Vol.  4, pp. 2237–2284.

See, for example, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, M.J. F.Digonnet, ed. (Marcel Dekker, 2009), 2nd. ed., and references therein.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of 1.00 wt % Pr 3 + - doped bismuth gallate glasses. Inset (a), normalized excitation spectra monitored at 1320 and 1490 nm wavelengths, respectively. Inset (b), FTIR spectrum of the Pr 3 + -doped glass matrix.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Normalized NIR emission with respect to the 1330 nm emission from Pr 3 + -doped bismuth gallate glasses under (a) different excitation wavelength and (b) different Pr 3 + dopant concentration. Figure 2a (inset), schematic of the excitation routes for Pr 3 + : G 4 1 H 5 3 and D 2 1 G 4 1 transitions. Figure 2b (inset), emission cross-sections of Pr 3 + : G 4 1 H 5 3 and D 2 1 G 4 1 transitions.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ em ( λ ) = A i β i j λ i j 5 I ( λ i j ) 8 π c n 2 λ i j I ( λ i j ) d λ ,
d n 3 / d t = σ 03 Φ n 0 τ 3 1 n 3 C 30 n 3 n 0 + σ ESA n 2 + C 22 n 2 2 ,
d n 2 / d t = τ 2 1 n 2 + τ 3 1 β 32 n 3 W mpr 2 n 2 σ ESA n 2 + C 30 n 3 n 0 C 22 n 2 2 ,
n 3 n 2 A 3 1 β 32 1 A 2 1 β 21 1 × λ I 1490 nm ( λ ) d λ λ I 1330 nm ( λ ) d λ ,

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