Abstract

We explore a rapid route for fabricating silver nanoparticles (NPs) at the end of an optical fiber. The size and number of silver NPs can be controlled by varying the exposure doses. The effect of the refractive index of different solvents on the extinction spectra have been studied as a proof of concept of a fiber integrated plasmon-based sensor.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).
  2. J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

V. Guieu, P. Garrigue, F. Lagugne-Labarthet, L. Servant, N. Sojic, and D. Talaga, Opt. Express 17, 24030 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adam, P. M.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adam, P.-M.

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akil, S.

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akil-Jradi, S.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

Anker, J.

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bachelot, R.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balan, L.

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barbillon, G.

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bijeon, J.-L.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brown, D.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Capasso, F.

E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Curto, A. G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de la Chapelle, M. L.

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dickey, M. D.

E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duyne, R. P. V.

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eftekhari, F.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garrigue, P.

Gordon, R.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guieu, V.

Guo, J.

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, W.

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hiller, J.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hua, J.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jaffiol, R.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jradi, S.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Juan, M. L.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kimball, C.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kreuzer, M. P.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagugne-Labarthet, F.

Lin, Y.

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindquist, R. G.

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lougnot, D. J.

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyandres, O.

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S.

S. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

Mo, Y.

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pang, Y.

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, J.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plain, J.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, C.

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

Servant, L.

Shah, N.

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smythe, E. J.

E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sojic, N.

Soppera, O.

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Talaga, D.

Taminiau, T. H.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vial, A.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vidal, L.

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viste, P.

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vlasko-Vlasov, V.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volpe, G.

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Welp, U.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whitesides, G.

E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, L.

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeng, X. H.

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, Y.

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

P. Viste, J. Plain, R. Jaffiol, A. Vial, P. M. Adam, and P. Royer, ACS Nano 4, 759 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Smythe, M. D. Dickey, G. Whitesides, and F. Capasso, ACS Nano 3, 59 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Commun. (1)

S. Akil-Jradi, S. Jradi, J. Plain, J.-L. Bijeon, C. Sanchez, R. Bachelot, and P. Royer, Chem. Commun. 47, 2444(2011).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

L. Yin, V. Vlasko-Vlasov, J. Pearson, J. Hiller, J. Hua, U. Welp, D. Brown, and C. Kimball, Nano Lett. 5, 1399 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

S. Jradi, L. Balan, X. H. Zeng, J. Plain, D. J. Lougnot, P. Royer, R. Bachelot, S. Akil, O. Soppera, and L. Vidal, Nanotechnology 21, 095605 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. Anker, W. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. V. Duyne, Nat. Mater. 7, 442 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

M. L. Juan, R. Gordon, Y. Pang, F. Eftekhari, and R. Quidant, Nat. Phys. 5, 915 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Science (1)

A. G. Curto, G. Volpe, T. H. Taminiau, M. P. Kreuzer, R. Quidant, and N. F. van Hulst, Science 329, 930 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sensors (1)

Y. Lin, Y. Zou, Y. Mo, J. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, Sensors 10, 9397 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

G. Barbillon, J.-L. Bijeon, J. Plain, M. L. de la Chapelle, P.-M. Adam, and P. Royer, Surf. Sci. 601, 5057 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schema illustrating the photosynthesis of silver NPs at an 3 μm core optical fiber end by laser irradiation ( λ = 405 nm ). (b) Typical SEM image showing silver NPs photo-generated at the extremity of a single mode optical fiber. (c)–(e) SEM images showing a 7 × 7 microarray of silver NP clusters synthesized on the fiber end. Different magnifications of × 500 , × 4.5 k , and × 20 k for the NP clusters correspond to (c)–(e), respectively. The inset in (c) is a cross section of the multicore fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a)–(f) SEM images showing the synthesized silver NPs for different exposure times varying from 50 to 1000 s under a constant exposure intensity of 1 μW . (g)–(l) SEM images showing the synthesized silver NPs for different exposure times varying from 0.5  to 40 s under a constant exposure intensity of 25 μW . The scale bar in (a) is valid for all the images except (f) and represents 2 μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Spectra of two silver NP sets synthesized using the same energy dose in two different regimes: with intensity of 100 μW for 0.125 s and 25 μW for 0.5 s . A redshift of about 10 nm is measured. (b) Spectra of silver NPs in air, ethanol, and water. The NPs are synthesized using 100 μW for 0.125 s and kept the same for these three spectra measurements. (c) Corresponding LSPR shift measured in reflection versus refractive index. (d) LSPR shift measured in transmission versus refractive index for NPs synthesized using 25 μW for 5 s .

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