Abstract

In this study, we demonstrate error-free all-optical wavelength conversion of ultrahigh-speed intensity modulated signals by means of four-wave mixing in a quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifier. Error-free performance at a bit rate of 320Gbit/s is measured for the extracted 40Gbit/s tributaries with a 3.4dB average power penalty to the original signal.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.
  4. T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, Proc. IEEE 95, 1757 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Matsuura and N. Kishi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 615 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Meuer, C. Schmidt-Launghorst, H. Schmeckebier, G. Fiol, D. Arsenijevic, C. Schubert, and D. Bimberg, Opt. Express 19, 3788 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. G. Deppe and H. Huang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 324 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Nielsen and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035305 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

D. Nielsen and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, Proc. IEEE 95, 1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

D. G. Deppe and H. Huang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 324 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

J. P. R. Lacey, M. A. Summerfield, and S. J. Madden, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2419 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, Proc. IEEE 95, 1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, Proc. IEEE 95, 1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Arsenijevic, D.

Bimberg, D.

C. Meuer, C. Schmidt-Launghorst, H. Schmeckebier, G. Fiol, D. Arsenijevic, C. Schubert, and D. Bimberg, Opt. Express 19, 3788 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Borri, P.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. L.

D. Nielsen and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Contestabile, G.

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

D. G. Deppe and H. Huang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 324 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fiol, G.

Galili, M.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Heinrichsdorff, F.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Huang, H.

D. G. Deppe and H. Huang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 324 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Jeppesen, P.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Ji, H.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Kashyap, R.

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kishi, N.

M. Matsuura and N. Kishi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lacey, J. P. R.

Langbein, W.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S. J.

Mao, M.-H.

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Maruta, A.

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matsuura, M.

M. Matsuura and N. Kishi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Meuer, C.

Moodie, D. G.

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Morito, K.

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mulvad, H. C. H.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Nesset, D.

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, D.

D. Nielsen and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenlowe, L. K.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Pu, M.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Schmeckebier, H.

Schmidt-Launghorst, C.

Schubert, C.

Sekiguchi, S.

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, Proc. IEEE 95, 1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Summerfield, M. A.

Yoo, S. J. B.

S. J. B. Yoo, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yvind, K.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. E. Kelly, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, R. Kashyap, and D. G. Moodie, Electron. Lett. 34, 1955 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

G. Contestabile, A. Maruta, S. Sekiguchi, K. Morito, M. Sugawara, and K. Kitayama, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1696 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Deppe and H. Huang, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 324 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Borri, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, F. Heinrichsdorff, M.-H. Mao, and D. Bimberg, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 544 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Matsuura and N. Kishi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

D. Nielsen and S. L. Chuang, Phys. Rev. B 81, 035305 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

T. Akiyama, M. Sugawara, and Y. Arakawa, Proc. IEEE 95, 1757 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenlowe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper PDPA8.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Fiber-to-fiber gain characteristics of the QD-SOA. (b) ASE spectra with a variety of bias currents.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for 320 Gbit / s wavelength conversion. MLFL, mode-locked fiber laser; PPG, pulse pattern generator; LNM, LiNbO 3 modulator; MUX, multiplexer; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; BPF, bandpass filter; ECL, external-cavity laser diode; PC, polarization controller; OC, optical coupler; ISO, isolator; DEMUX, demultiplexer; PD, photodiode; EA, error analyzer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signal spectra at the input (dashed line) and output (solid line) of the QD-SOA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Eye patterns of the signals. (a)  320 Gbit / s original and (b) converted trains. (c)  40 Gbit / s demultiplexed original and (d) converted signals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) BER characteristics and (b) received power at BER = 10 9 at each OTDM channel. The dashed lines in (b) show the average received powers of original and converted signals.

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