Abstract

An ultrafast all-optical shutter is presented, based on a simple two-color, two-photon absorption technique. For time-resolved luminescence measurements, this shutter is an interesting alternative to the optical Kerr gate. The rejection efficiency is 99%; the switching-off and switching-on speeds are limited by the pulse length only; the rejection time is determined by the crystal slab thickness; and the bandwidth spans the entire visible spectrum. We show that our shutter can also be used for accurate measurement of group velocity inside a transparent material.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Block and J. Shah, Solid State Commun. 59, 527 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  3. 3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd. ed.(Wiley, 1998).
  11. G. E. Jellison Jr. and L. A. Boatner, Phys. Rev. B 58, 3586 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Yoshikawa and S. Adachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6237 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. L. Bond, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

G. E. Jellison Jr. and L. A. Boatner, Phys. Rev. B 58, 3586 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

H. Yoshikawa and S. Adachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. Block and J. Shah, Solid State Commun. 59, 527 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

W. L. Bond, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

H. Yoshikawa and S. Adachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, A. V.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alfano, R. R.

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Block, D.

D. Block and J. Shah, Solid State Commun. 59, 527 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Boatner, L. A.

G. E. Jellison Jr. and L. A. Boatner, Phys. Rev. B 58, 3586 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bond, W. L.

W. L. Bond, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N.

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, A. B.

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Dijkhuis, J. I.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duguay, M. A.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Etchepare, J.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, S.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Golubev, V. G.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. W.

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. P.

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hulin, D.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Iwasa, I.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J. D.

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd. ed.(Wiley, 1998).

Jellison, G. E.

G. E. Jellison Jr. and L. A. Boatner, Phys. Rev. B 58, 3586 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kanematsu, Y.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Kerst, R.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kinoshita, S.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Kurdyokov, D. A.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurita, S.

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. Y.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, T.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mazurenko, D. A.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meng, Q. B.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Mitsu, H.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, H.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Pevtsov, A. B.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qin, F.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, T.

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sato, Y.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sel’kin, A. V.

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shah, J.

D. Block and J. Shah, Solid State Commun. 59, 527 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Suemoto, T.

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, J.

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, I.

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuura, S.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tomimoto, S.

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. Y.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, H.

H. Yoshikawa and S. Adachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. L.

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. Z.

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. A. Duguay and J. W. Hansen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 15, 192 (1969).
[CrossRef]

S. Tatsuura, T. Matsubara, H. Mitsu, Y. Sato, I. Iwasa, M. Tian, and M. Furuki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 251110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, F. Qin, Z. Y. Wei, Q. B. Meng, D. Z. Zhang, and Z. Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 131116 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Hulin, J. Etchepare, A. Antonetti, L. L. Chase, G. Grillon, A. Migus, and A. Mysyrowicz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 993(1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. L. Bond, J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1674 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Yoshikawa and S. Adachi, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, 6237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

B. L. Yu, A. B. Bykov, T. Qiu, P. P. Ho, R. R. Alfano, and N. Borrelli, Opt. Commun. 215, 407 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

3. J. Takeda, K. Nakajima, S. Kurita, S. Tomimoto, S. Saito, and T. Suemoto, Phys. Rev. B 62, 10083 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Jellison Jr. and L. A. Boatner, Phys. Rev. B 58, 3586 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. A. Mazurenko, R. Kerst, J. I. Dijkhuis, A. V. Akimov, V. G. Golubev, D. A. Kurdyokov, A. B. Pevtsov, and A. V. Sel’kin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 213903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Kinoshita, H. Ozawa, Y. Kanematsu, I. Tanaka, N. Sugimoto, and S. Fujiwara, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 3317(2000).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

D. Block and J. Shah, Solid State Commun. 59, 527 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd. ed.(Wiley, 1998).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the ultrafast optical shutter. The small pulse represents the signal pulse; the large pulse is the gating pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ultrafast optical shutter. Measured transmitted signal light versus delay with respect to the gating pulse for indicated signal wavelengths. Transmission has been normalized to the measured value without gating pulse. Gating fluence was 210 J / m 2 , gating pulse duration 140 fs , and slab thickness 523 μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measurement of the group index of refraction in ZnO using the ultrafast optical shutter. (a) Signal transmission versus delay with respect to the gating pulse for indicated signal wavelengths at a gating fluence of 10 J / m 2 . (b) Red stars: group refractive index derived from the measured boxcar widths. Line: group refractive index calculated from the phase refractive index shown in the inset. Data points in the inset are from Refs. [11, 12, 13].

Equations (2)

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w ( λ ) = L v g ( λ signal ) L v g ( λ gate ) .
n g ( λ ) = n ( λ ) λ d n ( λ ) d λ .

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