Abstract

For use in on-chip and integrated applications, photonic crystals must not only be embedded in silica but must also be able to easily integrate with other photonic devices. Here we provide an experimental demonstration of resonance in a SiO2-clad two-dimensional photonic crystal microcavity that is coupled to standard Si strip waveguides. We further show that well over 90% of the resonant field is confined within the cavity’s silicon layer, which is necessary if the microcavity is to be used as a high-efficiency electro-optic modulator.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2008 (2)

2006 (3)

2004 (2)

E. Miyai and S. Noda, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 67 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 484 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Srinivasan and O. Painter, Opt. Express 11, 579 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids(Academic, 1998).

1997 (1)

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, S. P.

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, T.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 484 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bermel, P.

Burr, G.

De La Rue, R. M.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Doll, T.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Erickson, D.

Fan, S.

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Farjadpour, A.

Fauchet, P. M.

Frey, B. J.

B. J. Frey, D. B. Leviton, and T. J. Madison, Proc. SPIE 6273, 62732J (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Houdré, R.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ibanescu, M.

Inoshita, K.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 484 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, S. W.

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. Farjadpour, D. Roundy, A. Rodriguez, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, S. G. Johnson, and G. Burr, Opt. Lett. 31, 2972 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. G.

Krauss, T. F.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuroki, Y.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 484 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leviton, D. B.

B. J. Frey, D. B. Leviton, and T. J. Madison, Proc. SPIE 6273, 62732J (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Madison, T. J.

B. J. Frey, D. B. Leviton, and T. J. Madison, Proc. SPIE 6273, 62732J (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mandal, S.

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V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Miyai, E.

Mori, D.

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 484 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nedeljkovic, D.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Neu, J. T.

Noda, S.

Oesterle, U.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Olivier, S.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids(Academic, 1998).

Pearsall, T. P.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Preston, K.

Rattier, M.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, J. T.

Rodriguez, A.

Roundy, D.

Scherer, A.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Smith, C. J. M.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, B. S.

B. S. Song, S. W. Jeon, and S. Noda, Opt. Lett. 36, 91 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, K.

Taylor, H. S.

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Vuckovic, J.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weisbuch, C.

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wray, J. H.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. Doll, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, and T. P. Pearsall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1937 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. J. M. Smith, R. M. De La Rue, M. Rattier, S. Olivier, H. Benisty, C. Weisbuch, T. F. Krauss, R. Houdré, and U. Oesterle, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1487 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Baba, D. Mori, K. Inoshita, and Y. Kuroki, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 484 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. A. Mandelshtam and H. S. Taylor, J. Chem. Phys. 107, 6756 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. G. Johnson, P. R. Villeneuve, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, Phys. Rev. B 62, 8212 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. J. Frey, D. B. Leviton, and T. J. Madison, Proc. SPIE 6273, 62732J (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

Harminv, http://ab-initio.mit.edu/harminv.

Meep, http://ab-initio.mit.edu/meep.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids(Academic, 1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top: schematic of the graded PhC microcavity with resonant mode plotted as E y excited by a propagating field in the bus (lower) waveguide. Center: E y plotted in the x -z plane. Bottom: Local x direction lattice constant as a function of position, defining the triangular profile cavity. The source in the field plot above is located in the lower wave guide at approximately x = - 3000 nm . The extremely time- consuming 3D FDTD simulations could not be run long enough to allow a full buildup of the resonant field, so no energy is visible in the drop port.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning electron micrograph of the microcavity after deposition of SiO 2 . The ports are labeled by function and direction of energy flow. The scale bar is 10 μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra at through and drop ports of the waveguide-coupled microcavity. Through port spectrum is plotted using a log scale; drop port uses a linear scale.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Resonance wavelength as a function of substrate temperature for a single device with room temperature resonance at λ = 1514 nm . Black crosses indicate measurements made at the through port and red plusses indicate measurements made at drop ports.

Equations (1)

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Δ λ = λ [ Γ Si d n Si d T 1 n Si + ( 1 Γ Si ) d n SiO 2 d T 1 n SiO 2 ] .

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