Abstract

An electrically tunable and polarizer-free photonic device is developed using a one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) infiltrated with dual-frequency cholesteric liquid crystal (DFCLC) as a defect layer. The PC/DFCLC hybrid cell allows the employment of various frequency-modulated voltage pulses to regulate defect modes and switch between stable states. This device possesses many alluring features such as rapid bistable switching, intensity tunability, and wavelength tunability in the defect modes, and it requires no polarizers. It can be used as a filter, fast-speed shutter, or light-intensity modulator.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2006 (3)

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa, R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yin, S. V. Shiyanovskii, and O. D. Lavrentovich, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3593 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amemiya, K.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arkhipkin, V. G.

Astratov, V. N.

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.-Y.

Doane, J. W.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Glasser, J.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gunyakov, V. A.

Ha, N. Y.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hönerlage, B.

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hsiao, Y.-C.

Ishikawa, K.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, I. T.

Kim, M.

Kim, S. W.

Lavrentovich, O. D.

Y. Yin, S. V. Shiyanovskii, and O. D. Lavrentovich, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

Lin, Y.-T.

Luterova, K.

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsuhisa, Y.

Y. Matsuhisa, R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, T.

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3593 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meier, M.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mekis, A.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, S. A.

Nalamasu, O.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, S.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, M.

Y. Matsuhisa, R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3593 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, R.

Y. Matsuhisa, R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3593 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

B. Park, M. Kim, S. W. Kim, and I. T. Kim, Opt. Express 17, 12323 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Parshin, A. M.

Pelant, I.

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shabanov, V. F.

Shiyanovskii, S. V.

Y. Yin, S. V. Shiyanovskii, and O. D. Lavrentovich, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Song, M. H.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takanishi, Y.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takezoe, H.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C.-Y.

Timko, A.

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toyooka, T.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C.-Y.

Wu, J. W.

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, D.-K.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yaniv, Z.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Y.

Y. Yin, S. V. Shiyanovskii, and O. D. Lavrentovich, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

Y. Matsuhisa, R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3593 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zyryanov, V. Ya.

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. H. Song, N. Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 1905 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3593 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Meier, A. Mekis, A. Dodabalapur, A. Timko, R. E. Slusher, J. D. Joannopoulos, and O. Nalamasu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 7 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu. A. Vlasov, K. Luterova, I. Pelant, B. Hönerlage, and V. N. Astratov, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1616 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa, R. Ozaki, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Yin, S. V. Shiyanovskii, and O. D. Lavrentovich, J. Appl. Phys. 100, 024906 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

R. Ozaki, T. Matsui, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, L1482 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

S. John, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Yablonovitch, Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The sandwich structure of the 1D PC/DFCLC cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photographs of the transmissive PC/DFCLC cell placed between crossed polarizers and the corresponding schematic LC configurations. (a) P state at 0 V ; (b) FC state at 20 V rms and 1 kHz ; (c) H state at 35 V rms and 1 kHz . The arrows indicate the transmission axes of the polarizer (P) and analyzer (A) as well as the rubbing direction (R).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission spectra of the PC/DFCLC in the photonic bandgap in three different states. The device is driven by various voltages, (a)  0 V , (b)  20 V rms and (c)  35 V rms , at 1 kHz .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmittance of the PC/DFCLC in the photonic bandgap with two different sets of defect modes in the P and H states at 0 and 35 V rms , respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmittance of stable defect modes in the PBG induced by a 17.5 V rms voltage pulse at various frequencies. Note the blueshift of the defect modes in the P state caused by the lower operation-voltage amplitude as compared with the spectra presented in both Figs. 3, 4.

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