Abstract

Nanosecond, 1053nm optical pulses are amplified from 15pJ to 240nJ by a Yb-doped all-fiber regenerative amplifier (AFRA), achieving an overall gain of 42dB. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest output-pulse energy from an AFRA ever reported. Techniques for suppressing amplified spontaneous emission are employed to favor the signal gain 23nm off the gain peak of the Yb-doped fiber. Numerical simulations show that increasing the number of round trips and operating the AFRA at saturation will increase the output level and improve the output stability. This is currently limited by the onset of bifurcation instability, which can be avoided at low repetition rates.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2006 (3)

A. Yang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L673 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

J. R. Marciante and J. D. Zuegel, Appl. Opt. 45, 6798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

1999 (1)

H. Li and K. Ogusu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 6309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

W. H. Lowdermilk and J. E. Murray, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2436 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

Barty, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Blanchot, N.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Borneis, S.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Britten, J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Danson, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Dawson, J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Dörring, J.

Frede, M.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

Hildebrandt, M.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

Jovanovic, I.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Jungquist, R.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Kanzelmeyer, S.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

Kelly, J. H.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Kessler, T. J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Killi, A.

Kopf, D.

Kracht, D.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

Kruschwitz, B.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Lang, A.

LeBlanc, C.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Lederer, M.

LeGarrec, B.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Li, H.

H. Li and K. Ogusu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 6309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lowdermilk, W. H.

W. H. Lowdermilk and J. E. Murray, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2436 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Marciante, J. R.

Miyanaga, N.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Morgner, U.

Moses, E.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J. E.

W. H. Lowdermilk and J. E. Murray, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2436 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

Ogusu, K.

H. Li and K. Ogusu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 6309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rambo, P. K.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Schmid, A. W.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Skeldon, M. D.

Smith, R. G.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Theeg, T.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

Waxer, L. J.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

Xin, R.

R. Xin and J. D. Zuegel, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, Calif., January 31–February 3, 2010, paper AMD3.

Yang, A.

A. Yang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L673 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zuegel, J. D.

R. Xin and J. D. Zuegel, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, Calif., January 31–February 3, 2010, paper AMD3.

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

J. R. Marciante and J. D. Zuegel, Appl. Opt. 45, 6798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Fusion Sci. Technol. (1)

J. D. Zuegel, S. Borneis, C. Barty, B. LeGarrec, C. Danson, N. Miyanaga, P. K. Rambo, C. LeBlanc, T. J. Kessler, A. W. Schmid, L. J. Waxer, J. H. Kelly, B. Kruschwitz, R. Jungquist, E. Moses, J. Britten, I. Jovanovic, J. Dawson, and N. Blanchot, Fusion Sci. Technol. 49, 453 (2006).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. H. Lowdermilk and J. E. Murray, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2436 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Li and K. Ogusu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 6309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Yang, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, L673 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 56, 219 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

R. Xin and J. D. Zuegel, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, Calif., January 31–February 3, 2010, paper AMD3.

S. Kanzelmeyer, M. Hildebrandt, T. Theeg, M. Frede, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, presented at Advanced Solid-State Photonics, San Diego, California, 31 January–3 February 2010, paper AWB15.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AFRA cavity consisting of a Yb-doped fiber as the gain medium, a 10 nm BPF, a 1030 / 1053 nm WDM to suppress ASE and favor the signal gain, and a 2 × 2 AOM switch to Q-switch the cavity. The two states of the switch are shown on the right.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of 10 nJ output-pulse train from the fiber-ring cavity without a BPF (solid) and with BPF (dotted). The 1030 nm gain peak is suppressed by WDM3, and ASE at 1042 to 1046 nm is suppressed by the BPF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured pulse energy and total gain as pump power is increased. The pulse circulates in the ring cavity for five round trips. Inset is the single-pass gain.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Numerical simulation shows that the AFRA is not saturated in five round trips and much higher pulse energy can be extracted from the amplifier in more round trips. (b) Maximum stable output-pulse energy decreases when the number of round trips is increased.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Variation of the amplifier output-pulse energy as small-signal gain (solid) and loop transmission (dashed) are varied. Operating the amplifier at saturation will greatly improve the output stability.

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