Abstract

This paper reports on the study of the superresolution volume of the focal spot by focusing a radially polarized beam. This feature is achieved by increasing the inner radius of a high NA annular objective to break the diffraction-limited volume of a focal spot. The application of this finding into two-photon induced three- dimensional optical data storage leads to an enhanced photoreduction threshold effect in recording. As such, multilayer subdiffraction optical recording is experimentally demonstrated with an equivalent capacity of 3.0  Tbytes/disk.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. Kawata, H. Ishitobi, and S. Kawata, Opt. Lett. 23, 756(1998).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 063309 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer, 2000).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, S. Wu, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 32, 277 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Nature 459, 410(2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Opt. Express 17, 2954 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Q. Zhan and J. R. Leger, Opt. Express 10, 324 (2002).
    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [PubMed]
  18. H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Nature 459, 410(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Opt. Express 17, 2954 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Cao, N. Takeyasu, T. Tanaka, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, Small 5, 1144 (2009).
[PubMed]

2008 (2)

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 063309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, S. Wu, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 32, 277 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. Kasarova, N. G. Sultanova, C. D. Ivanov, and I. D. Nikolov, Opt. Mater. 29, 1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

Q. Zhan and J. R. Leger, Opt. Express 10, 324 (2002).
[PubMed]

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer, 2000).

1999 (1)

1998 (3)

1989 (1)

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Cao, N. Takeyasu, T. Tanaka, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, Small 5, 1144 (2009).
[PubMed]

Chon, J. W. M.

Chong, C. T.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Day, D.

Dorn, R.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Duan, X. M.

Y. Y. Cao, N. Takeyasu, T. Tanaka, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, Small 5, 1144 (2009).
[PubMed]

Eberler, M.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Evans, R. A.

Glockl, O.

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gu, M.

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Opt. Express 17, 2954 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Nature 459, 410(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 063309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, S. Wu, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 32, 277 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer, 2000).

D. Day, M. Gu, and A. Smallridge, Opt. Lett. 24, 948 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Day and M. Gu, Appl. Opt. 37, 6299 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Toriumi, S. Kawata, and M. Gu, Opt. Lett. 23, 1924 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ishitobi, H.

Ivanov, C. D.

S. N. Kasarova, N. G. Sultanova, C. D. Ivanov, and I. D. Nikolov, Opt. Mater. 29, 1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, B.

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Juodkazis, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kang, H.

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kasarova, S. N.

S. N. Kasarova, N. G. Sultanova, C. D. Ivanov, and I. D. Nikolov, Opt. Mater. 29, 1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawata, S.

Kawata, Y.

Leger, J. R.

Leuchs, G.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Lukyanchuk, B.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McPhail, D.

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, H.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Morrish, D.

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nikolov, I. D.

S. N. Kasarova, N. G. Sultanova, C. D. Ivanov, and I. D. Nikolov, Opt. Mater. 29, 1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Parthenopoulos, D. A.

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quabis, S.

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rentzepis, P. M.

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheppard, C.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smallridge, A.

Sultanova, N. G.

S. N. Kasarova, N. G. Sultanova, C. D. Ivanov, and I. D. Nikolov, Opt. Mater. 29, 1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.-B.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takeyasu, N.

Y. Y. Cao, N. Takeyasu, T. Tanaka, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, Small 5, 1144 (2009).
[PubMed]

Tanaka, T.

Y. Y. Cao, N. Takeyasu, T. Tanaka, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, Small 5, 1144 (2009).
[PubMed]

Toriumi, A.

Wang, H.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

Zhan, Q.

Zijlstra, P.

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Nature 459, 410(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Watanabe, S. Juodkazis, H.-B. Sun, S. Matsuo, and H. Misawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 13 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. W. M. Chon, R. A. Evans, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 063309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kang, B. Jia, J. Li, D. Morrish, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. McPhail and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 1160 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, Nat. Photon. 2, 501 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

P. Zijlstra, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Nature 459, 410(2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. Quabis, R. Dorn, M. Eberler, O. Glockl, and G. Leuchs, Opt. Commun. 179, 1 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. N. Kasarova, N. G. Sultanova, C. D. Ivanov, and I. D. Nikolov, Opt. Mater. 29, 1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

R. Dorn, S. Quabis, and G. Leuchs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 233901 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

D. A. Parthenopoulos and P. M. Rentzepis, Science 245, 843 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small (1)

Y. Y. Cao, N. Takeyasu, T. Tanaka, X. M. Duan, and S. Kawata, Small 5, 1144 (2009).
[PubMed]

Other (1)

M. Gu, Advanced Optical Imaging Theory (Springer, 2000).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The lateral area (red circles) and the axial FWHMs of the radially polarized beam (blue squares) as a function of γ. (b) The focal volume (circles) and the storage density limit (squares) predicted by the calculation are plotted as a function of γ. (c) Schematic illustration of the experimental configuration.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a)Absorption and (b) fluorescence evolution after the laser irradiance. The arrow indicates the 2P excitation wavelength at 800 nm . The dotted blue and the solid red curves are the absorption and emission spectra before and after the laser irradiation, respectively. (c) The fluorescence intensity enhancement by the laser recording as a function of the writing power. The inset shows the schematic illustration of the SFV-enhanced threshold effect. The dashed and solid curves represent the cases with and without the SFV effect, respectively. The dot dashed curve indicates the material threshold response.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) FWHM plot of the average lateral sizes of 9 recorded bits as a function of the recording power. The dashed line indicates the diffraction limit. (b) FWHM plot of the axial response of bits recorded at γ = 0.65 . (c) Confocal image of 1 bit at the threshold condition with a FWHM of 240 and 252 nm at the X and Y coordinates, respectively. (d) The axial image and the intensity plot of 1 bit with a FWHM of 850 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Demonstration of the λ / 3 superresolution 3D optical recording by focusing a radially polarized beam using the annular objective of γ = 0.65 . (a) Pattern tulip recorded in the first layer. (b) Pattern kangaroo recorded in the second layer. (c) Pattern leaf recorded in the third layer. The scale bar is 12 μm . The inset is the 1.8 μm × 1.8 μm high mag nification image of the area indicated by the square. (d) Axial image and the intensity plot of the three recorded layers.

Equations (3)

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E r ( r , z ) = A b a cos 1 / 2 θ · sin ( 2 θ ) · J 1 ( k r sin θ ) e i k z cos θ d θ ,
E z ( r , z ) = 2 i A b a cos 1 / 2 θ · sin 2 θ · J 0 ( k r sin θ ) e i k z cos θ d θ ,
V = 4 π 3 ( Δ r ) 2 Δ z ,

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