Abstract

Using a 7.5μm diameter disk fabricated with III-V-on-silicon fabrication technology, we demonstrate bias-free all-optical wavelength conversion for non-return-to-zero on–off keyed pseudorandom bit sequence (PRBS) data at the speed of 10Gbits/s with an extinction ratio of more than 12dB. The working principle of such a wavelength converter is based on free-carrier-induced refractive index modulation in a pump–probe configuration. We believe it to be the first bias-free on-chip demonstration of all-optical wavelength conversion using PRBS data. All-optical gating measurements in the pump–probe configuration with the same device have revealed that it is possible to achieve wavelength conversion beyond 20Gbits/s.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. S. F. Preble, Q. Xu, B. S. Schmidt, and M. Lipson, Opt. Lett. 30, 2891 (2005).
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  6. R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

2010 (3)

D. Lang and J. Bowers, Nat. Photon. 4, 511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Absil, P. P.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bolten, J.

Bowers, J.

D. Lang and J. Bowers, Nat. Photon. 4, 511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

De Vries, T.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

Fedeli, J.-M.

T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

Forst, M.

Geluk, E.-J.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gottheil, M.

Grover, R.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.-T.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, T. A.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, F. G.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Karouta, F.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

Kurz, H.

Lang, D.

D. Lang and J. Bowers, Nat. Photon. 4, 511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Liu, L.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

Morthier, G.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Plotzing, M.

Plotzing, T.

Preble, S. F.

Raz, O.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

Regreny, P.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

Roelkens, G.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

Schmidt, B. S.

Spuesens, T.

T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

Van, V.

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

Wahlbrink, T.

Waldow, M.

Xu, Q.

IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. Van, T. A. Ibrahim, P. P. Absil, F. G. Johnson, R. Grover, and P.-T. Ho, IEEE J. Select. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 705 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Kumar, L. Liu, G. Roelkens, E.-J. Geluk, T. de Vries, F. Karouta, P. Regreny, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, and G. Morthier, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

D. Lang and J. Bowers, Nat. Photon. 4, 511 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

T. Spuesens, D. Van Thourhout, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Regreny, and J.-M. Fedeli, “CW operation of III-V microdisk lasers on SOI fabricated in a 200 mm CMOS pilot line,” submitted to The 8th Annual IEEE Conference on Group IV Photonics 2011, London, England, September 14–16, 2011.

O. Raz, L. Liu, R. Kumar, G. Morthier, D. Van Thourhout, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, T. De Vries, H. J. S. Dorren, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OMQ5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral shift as a function of power change in the SOI waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Gating output waveform, (b) rising, and (c) falling transient details.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the experimental setup used for all-optical wavelength conversion, TL1 and TL2, tunable lasers; OS, optical switch; PCW, polarization controlling wheels; MDR, microdisk resonator; WBBPF, wideband bandpass filter—it has a passband of 10 15 nm and is used to suppress the backreflection of the original control signal from the fiber facets and grating couplers making sure that only the probe signal is seen on the scope; BPF, bandpass filter—it has a bandwidth of 1.2 nm (FWHM) and is used to suppress the amplified spontaneous emission noise from the EDFA; HSPD, high-speed photodiode ( 30 GHz ); LN MOD, lithium niobate Mach–Zehnder modulator; PPG, pulse pattern generator; VOA, variable optical attenuator.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

All-optical modulation response of the microdisk resonator for NRZ-PRBS control data: (a) time trace and (b) eye diagram.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER curves corresponding to the wavelength-converted signal and back-to-back measurements taken after the C band EDFA. The dashed lines are the linear fits to their respective data points.

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