Abstract

We demonstrate terahertz wave generation and detection capabilities up to 6 THz without the need for solid state materials, biased electrodes, or forward propagating signal collection. An “all air–plasma” terahertz system is used to encode explosive material resonant signatures into the 357 nm nitrogen fluorescence line of a bichromatic field-induced laser plasma filament. These results show the practicability to extend these measurements to remote locations where terahertz pulse information is no longer limited by water vapor absorption, phonon resonance, or signal collection directionality.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Dai, S. L. Chin, and X. C. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 4, 627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

J. Dai and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Ho, M. Pepper, and P. Taday, Nat. Photonics 2, 541(2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, B6 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

K.-Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Zhao, G. J. Bastiaans, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Express 15, 12060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Roskos, M. Thomson, M. Kress, and T. Löffler, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. C. Wanke, M. A. Mangan, and R. J. Foltynowicz, “Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation,” SAND2005-6389 (Sandia National Laboratories, 2005).

2002 (1)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Q. Wu and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, B.

Bastiaans, G. J.

Burnett, A. D.

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chateauneuf, M.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, Y.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Zhao, G. J. Bastiaans, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Express 15, 12060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

J. Liu, J. Dai, S. L. Chin, and X. C. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 4, 627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cook, D. J.

Cunningham, J. E.

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

J. Liu, J. Dai, S. L. Chin, and X. C. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 4, 627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Daigle, J.-F.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Davies, A. G.

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, J.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W.

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, C.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Foltynowicz, R. J.

M. C. Wanke, M. A. Mangan, and R. J. Foltynowicz, “Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation,” SAND2005-6389 (Sandia National Laboratories, 2005).

Glownia, J. H.

Hai-Bo, L.

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hebling, J.

Helm, H.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ho, L.

L. Ho, M. Pepper, and P. Taday, Nat. Photonics 2, 541(2008).
[CrossRef]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Hoffmann, M. C.

Hua, Z.

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. U.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, K.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S. R.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-Y.

Kress, M.

H. Roskos, M. Thomson, M. Kress, and T. Löffler, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lesimple, A.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linfield, E. H.

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, J. Dai, S. L. Chin, and X. C. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 4, 627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Löffler, T.

H. Roskos, M. Thomson, M. Kress, and T. Löffler, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mamer, O.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, M. A.

M. C. Wanke, M. A. Mangan, and R. J. Foltynowicz, “Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation,” SAND2005-6389 (Sandia National Laboratories, 2005).

Marceau, C.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

Pepper, M.

L. Ho, M. Pepper, and P. Taday, Nat. Photonics 2, 541(2008).
[CrossRef]

Price-Gallagher, M.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

Roskos, H.

H. Roskos, M. Thomson, M. Kress, and T. Löffler, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schall, M.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schyja, V.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taday, P.

L. Ho, M. Pepper, and P. Taday, Nat. Photonics 2, 541(2008).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

Theberge, F.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M.

H. Roskos, M. Thomson, M. Kress, and T. Löffler, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.-J.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wanke, M. C.

M. C. Wanke, M. A. Mangan, and R. J. Foltynowicz, “Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation,” SAND2005-6389 (Sandia National Laboratories, 2005).

Winnewisser, C.

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xi-Cheng, Z.

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K.-L.

Yuan, S.

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yunqing, C.

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Q. Wu and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

J. Liu, J. Dai, S. L. Chin, and X. C. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 4, 627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Zhao, G. J. Bastiaans, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Express 15, 12060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, Y. Chen, H. Zhao, G. J. Bastiaans, and X. C. Zhang, Opt. Express 15, 12060 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Q. Wu and X. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3523 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Karpowicz, J. Dai, X. Lu, Y. Chen, M. Yamaguchi, H. Zhao, X. C. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Zhang, M. Price-Gallagher, C. Fletcher, O. Mamer, A. Lesimple, and K. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 011131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 021117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T.-J. Wang, S. Yuan, Y. Chen, J.-F. Daigle, C. Marceau, F. Theberge, M. Chateauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu and X. C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041505 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. Roskos, M. Thomson, M. Kress, and T. Löffler, Laser Photonics Rev. 1, 349 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Today (1)

A. G. Davies, A. D. Burnett, W. Fan, E. H. Linfield, and J. E. Cunningham, Mater. Today 11, 18 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Ferguson and X.-C. Zhang, Nat. Mater. 1, 26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

L. Ho, M. Pepper, and P. Taday, Nat. Photonics 2, 541(2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Dai, S. L. Chin, and X. C. Zhang, Nat. Photonics 4, 627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

P. U. Jepsen, C. Winnewisser, M. Schall, V. Schyja, S. R. Keiding, and H. Helm, Phys. Rev. E 53, R3052 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

L. Hai-Bo, Z. Hua, N. Karpowicz, C. Yunqing, and Z. Xi-Cheng, Proc. IEEE 95, 1514 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. C. Wanke, M. A. Mangan, and R. J. Foltynowicz, “Atmospheric propagation of THz radiation,” SAND2005-6389 (Sandia National Laboratories, 2005).

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