Abstract

Stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) in a perfluorinated graded-index polymer optical fiber (POF) with 120μm core diameter was experimentally observed for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, at 1.55μm wavelength with the pump–probe technique. Compared to spontaneous Brillouin scattering previously reported, the Brillouin gain spectrum (BGS) was detected with an extremely high signal-to-noise ratio, even with a short POF (1m) and scrambled polarization state. We also investigated the BGS dependences on probe power and temperature, which indicate that SBS in a POF measured with this technique can be utilized to develop high-accuracy temperature sensing systems.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103(2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics: Materials, Physics, and Applications (CRC Press, 2006).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Abedin, Opt. Express 14, 11766 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, K. S. Abedin, K. Hotate, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, Opt. Express 14, 5860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2003

2002

2001

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

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G. J. Cowle, D. Yu, and Y. T. Chieng, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

1989

T. Horiguchi and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1170(1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

1985

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and B. E. Davydenko, Opt. Quantum Electron. 17, 393 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1972

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

Alasia, D.

Azuma, Y.

Belardi, W.

Beugnot, J. C.

Chieng, Y. T.

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu, and Y. T. Chieng, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu, and Y. T. Chieng, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Davydenko, B. E.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and B. E. Davydenko, Opt. Quantum Electron. 17, 393 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Fleming, J. W.

Garus, D.

Gogolla, T.

Hasegawa, T.

He, Z.

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 16, 12148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herraez, M. G.

Horiguchi, T.

Hotate, K.

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 16, 12148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Song and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Song, K. S. Abedin, K. Hotate, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, Opt. Express 14, 5860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

Huignard, J.-P.

Ibsen, M.

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Ishigure, T.

Izutsu, M.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

Koike, Y.

Krebber, K.

Kubodera, K.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuzin, E. A.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and B. E. Davydenko, Opt. Quantum Electron. 17, 393 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics: Materials, Physics, and Applications (CRC Press, 2006).
[CrossRef]

Laude, V.

Lee, J. H.

Mafang, S. F.

Maillotte, H.

Mitsugi, N.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mizuno, Y.

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Opt. Lett. 35, 3985 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, W. Zou, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Express 16, 12148 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monro, T. M.

Monteville, A.

Nagashima, T.

Nakamura, K.

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Opt. Lett. 35, 3985 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103(2010).
[CrossRef]

Norcia, S.

Ohara, S.

Oikawa, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, M. P.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and B. E. Davydenko, Opt. Quantum Electron. 17, 393 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Provino, L.

Richardson, D. J.

Saitou, T.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schliep, F.

Shibata, N.

Shimotsu, S.

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Stolen, R. H.

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, N.

Sylvestre, T.

Tanemura, T.

Tateda, M.

Thevenaz, L.

Tonda-Goldstein, S.

Traynor, N.

Yu, D.

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu, and Y. T. Chieng, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yusoff, Z.

Zou, W.

Appl. Phys. Express

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 112402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Appl. Phys. Express 2, 062403 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Mizuno and K. Nakamura, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 021103(2010).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen and R. H. Stolen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539(1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

K. Y. Song and K. Hotate, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 499 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Shimotsu, S. Oikawa, T. Saitou, N. Mitsugi, K. Kubodera, T. Kawanishi, and M. Izutsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 364 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron.

K. Hotate and T. Hasegawa, IEICE Trans. Electron. E83-C, 405 (2000).

J. Lightwave Technol.

T. Horiguchi and M. Tateda, J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1170(1989).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Yu, and Y. T. Chieng, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

Y. Mizuno, Z. He, and K. Hotate, Opt. Commun. 283, 2438(2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

E. A. Kuzin, M. P. Petrov, and B. E. Davydenko, Opt. Quantum Electron. 17, 393 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 1995).

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics: Materials, Physics, and Applications (CRC Press, 2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for observing SBS in POF with pump–probe technique. DAQ, data acquisition; DC, direct current; LD, laser diode; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier; FG, function generator; FUT, fiber under test; IM, intensity modulator; LI-A, lock-in amplifier; MG, microwave generator; OSC, oscilloscope; PC, personal computer; PD, photodetector; POF, polymer optical fiber; PSCR, polarization scrambler; SSBM, single-sideband modulator; VOA, variable optical attenuator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured optical spectrum of the SSBM output when the frequency of the MG was set to 2.83 GHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BGS in POF observed without averaging.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of BGS on probe power in POF.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of (a) BGS and (b) BFS on temperature in POF.

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