Abstract

We introduce a new configuration for large-core optical transceiver platforms based on asymmetric three- dimensional multimode Y junctions. We developed a simply structured bidirectional waveguide platform without using a wavelength division multiplexing filter or angled mirror. This structure was designed with two different size waveguides by using the three-dimensional ray-tracing method. This structure transmitted nearly 100% power in each direction, upstream and downstream. This simple and cost-effective structure was fabricated by the im print process using a metallic master fabricated by an ultraprecision machining method. The experimental results show that this structure is suitable for bidirectional communications in large-core optical transceivers at 155Mbits/s.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H. P. Huber, and E. Zeeb, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2184 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Poferl, M. Becht, and P. D. Pauw, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), We. C3.6.
  4. T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Yonemura, A. Kawasaki, S. Kato, M. Kagami, and Y. Inui, Opt. Lett. 30, 2206 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. M. Henry and J. D. Love, Opt. Quantum Electron. 29, 379 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

S. Poferl, M. Becht, and P. D. Pauw, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), We. C3.6.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

W. M. Henry and J. D. Love, Opt. Quantum Electron. 29, 379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Becht, M.

S. Poferl, M. Becht, and P. D. Pauw, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), We. C3.6.

Bluschke, A.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Böck, G.

Gaudino, R.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

George, P. J.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Henry, W. M.

W. M. Henry and J. D. Love, Opt. Quantum Electron. 29, 379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hooda, M. K.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huber, H. P.

Hwang, S. H.

W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inui, Y.

Jäger, D.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kagami, M.

Kaiser, O. S.

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kato, S.

Kawasaki, A.

Kibler, T.

T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H. P. Huber, and E. Zeeb, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, T.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kragl, H.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. J.

W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lezzi, C.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. W.

W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

W. M. Henry and J. D. Love, Opt. Quantum Electron. 29, 379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Möllers, I.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nayak, M. M.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neyer, A.

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nocivelli, A.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Paul, A. K.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pauw, P. D.

S. Poferl, M. Becht, and P. D. Pauw, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), We. C3.6.

Poferl, S.

S. Poferl, M. Becht, and P. D. Pauw, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), We. C3.6.

T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H. P. Huber, and E. Zeeb, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pregitzer, K.

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rho, B. S.

W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rief, C.

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Verma, S.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wadhwa, M.

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weber, N.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yonemura, M.

Zeeb, E.

T. Kibler, S. Poferl, G. Böck, H. P. Huber, and E. Zeeb, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ziemann, O.

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

I. Möllers, D. Jäger, R. Gaudino, A. Nocivelli, H. Kragl, O. Ziemann, N. Weber, T. Koonen, C. Lezzi, A. Bluschke, and S. Randel, IEEE Commun. Mag. 47, 58 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. J. Lee, S. H. Hwang, J. W. Lim, and B. S. Rho, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. M. Henry and J. D. Love, Opt. Quantum Electron. 29, 379 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Kibler, K. Pregitzer, C. Rief, E. Zeeb, A. Neyer, and O. S. Kaiser, Proc. SPIE 4942, 54 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vacuum (1)

M. K. Hooda, M. Wadhwa, S. Verma, M. M. Nayak, P. J. George, and A. K. Paul, Vacuum 84, 1142 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Poferl, M. Becht, and P. D. Pauw, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON, 2010), We. C3.6.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of a bidirectional optical transceiver with the proposed large-core waveguide platform.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

TOFR with respect to the tap waveguide width.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fabrication process of waveguide platform. (a) Fabrication of metallic master by UPM method and fabricated metallic master. (b) Replication of PDMS stamp. (c) Underclad, (d) core, (e) upperclad curing.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM image of the PDMS stamp and fabricated polymer waveguide platform.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurement system and eye diagrams of 155 Mbits / s data rates measured by the polymer waveguide platform.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

TOFR = ρ t ρ b + ρ t ,
3 D TOFR = ( ρ t ρ b + ρ t ) × ( ρ t ρ b ) ,

Metrics