Abstract

An all-optical comb filter with independently tunable wavelength spacing and bandwidth (BW) is proposed. Using three cascaded variable differential-group-delay elements, we demonstrate theoretically and experimentally the tunability of the comb filter with >10dB sidelobe reduction by adjusting three elements. The wavelength spacing is determined by the first filter module, while the sidelobe suppression ratio and the BW are defined by the middle and the last one, respectively.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1066 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2006

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamauchi, K. Ose, J. Shibayama, and H. Nakano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1873 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fok and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1937(2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Seeds and K. J. Williams, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4628 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, Opt. Express , 1039 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

2000

1997

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2142 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. Stone and L. W. Stulz, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

Allen, C. T.

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

Cappuzzo, M. A.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

Chi, H.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chung, S.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demarest, K.

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fok, M. P.

M. P. Fok and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1937(2006).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2142 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jin, X. F.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jung, J.

Y. W. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, Opt. Express , 1039 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kacamarski, P.

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. T.

Y. W. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, Opt. Express , 1039 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kohnke, G. E.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kourogi, M.

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lagasse, P. E.

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

Laslkowski, E. J.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, Opt. Express , 1039 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, Opt. Express , 1039 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.-W.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2142 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

Lopez-Amo, M.

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

Luo, A.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1066 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S. Y.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1066 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Madsen, C. K.

Menendez-Valdes, P.

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

Muriel, M.

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

Naganuma, K.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2142 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, H.

J. Yamauchi, K. Ose, J. Shibayama, and H. Nakano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1873 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ose, K.

J. Yamauchi, K. Ose, J. Shibayama, and H. Nakano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1873 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pelz, L.

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Roh, S.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, T.

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

Shi, Y. Q.

Shibayama, J.

J. Yamauchi, K. Ose, J. Shibayama, and H. Nakano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1873 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shu, C.

M. P. Fok and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1937(2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. J.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J.

J. Stone and L. W. Stulz, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

J. Stone and L. W. Stulz, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

White, A. E.

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Williams, K. J.

Willner, A. E.

Xia, Y. X.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1066 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamauchi, J.

J. Yamauchi, K. Ose, J. Shibayama, and H. Nakano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1873 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yan, L.-S.

Yang, G.

Yao, J. P.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X.

Yeh, C.

Yoon, I.

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, L.

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, S. L.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, K. Y.

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Lopez-Amo, P. Menendez-Valdes, M. Muriel, P. Kacamarski, and P. E. Lagasse, Electron. Lett. 24, 1525(1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Stone and L. W. Stulz, Electron. Lett. 26, 1073 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, P. A. Krug, L. Poladian, and F. Ouellette, Electron. Lett. 30, 1620 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Kohnke, C. H. Henry, E. J. Laslkowski, M. A. Cappuzzo, T. A. Strasser, and A. E. White, Electron. Lett. 32, 1579 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Zhang, X. F. Jin, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, H. Chi, K. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Yao, Electron. Lett. 46, 71 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E. P. Ippen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2142 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, and W. Xu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1066 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Saitoh, M. Kourogi, and M. Ohtsu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 197 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Hu, L. Zhan, Y. J. Song, W. Li, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yamauchi, K. Ose, J. Shibayama, and H. Nakano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1873 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Roh, S. Chung, Y.-W. Lee, I. Yoon, and B. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2302 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang, H. Ji, C. T. Allen, K. Demarest, and L. Pelz, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 458 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fok and C. Shu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1937(2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Y. W. Lee, H. T. Kim, J. Jung, and B. Lee, Opt. Express , 1039 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual diagram of the proposed tunable comb filter. TFM-1, TFM-2, and TFM-3, tunable filter module; VDGD, variable differential-group-delay module; P, polarizer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The tunability of BW with the same wavelength spacing: (a)  n = 0 and (b)  n = 2 ( Δ τ = 1.8 ps ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tunability of wavelength spacing ( Δ τ ) with the same BW: (a)  Δ τ = 3.6 ps ( n = 2 ) and (b)  Δ τ = 7.2 ps ( n = 0 ).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experiment setup. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; ASE, amplified spontaneous emission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured output spectra of the proposed filter: (a)  Δ τ = 1.8 ps , n = 0 ; (b)  Δ τ = 1.8 ps , n = 2 ; (c)  Δ τ = 3.6 ps , n = 2 .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Achievable values of the BW and wavelength spacing of the proposed filter by different VDGD combinations.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

T ( λ ) = cos 2 ( π c Δ τ λ ) ,
Δ λ = λ 2 c Δ τ .

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