Abstract

We show that it is possibile to produce nearly bandwidth-limited few-cycle attosecond pulses based on periodic resonance interaction of a quasi-monochromatic radiation with the bound states of hydrogenlike atoms. A periodic resonance is provided by a far-off-resonant laser field with intensity much below the atomic ionization threshold via periodic tunnel ionization from the excited states and adiabatic Stark splitting of the excited energy levels. Without external synchronization of the spectral components, it is possible to produce 135as pulses at 13.5nm in Li2+-plasma controlled by radiation of a mode-locked Nd:YAG laser, as well as 1.25fs pulses at 122nm in atomic hydrogen controlled by radiation of a CO2 laser.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2009

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

T. Harada, T. Hatano, and M. Yamamoto, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, IPAP Conf. Series 7 (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2006), pp. 195–197.

2005

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

1983

R. F. Stebbings and F. B. Dunning, Rydberg States of Atoms and Molecules (Cambridge University Press, 1983).

1979

G. Newton, D. A. Andrews, and P. J. Unsworth, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 290, 373 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, D. A.

G. Newton, D. A. Andrews, and P. J. Unsworth, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 290, 373 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Balcou, Ph.

Dojyo, N.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dunning, F. B.

R. F. Stebbings and F. B. Dunning, Rydberg States of Atoms and Molecules (Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Gustafsson, E.

Hamada, M.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harada, T.

T. Harada, T. Hatano, and M. Yamamoto, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, IPAP Conf. Series 7 (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2006), pp. 195–197.

Harris, S. E.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatano, T.

T. Harada, T. Hatano, and M. Yamamoto, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, IPAP Conf. Series 7 (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2006), pp. 195–197.

Hermann, J.

Herrmann, J.

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Higashiguchi, T.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M. Yu.

Kalosha, V.

Kawasaki, K.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klosner, M. A.

Koga, M.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, S.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

López-Martens, R.

Newton, G.

G. Newton, D. A. Andrews, and P. J. Unsworth, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 290, 373 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Pourtal, E.

Pshenichnikov, M.

Rajyaguru, C.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Remetter, T.

Ruchon, T.

Sasaki, W.

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shverdin, M. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silfvast, W. T.

Spanner, M.

Stebbings, R. F.

R. F. Stebbings and F. B. Dunning, Rydberg States of Atoms and Molecules (Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Swoboda, M.

Unsworth, P. J.

G. Newton, D. A. Andrews, and P. J. Unsworth, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 290, 373 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Walker, D. R.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiersma, D. A.

Yamamoto, M.

T. Harada, T. Hatano, and M. Yamamoto, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, IPAP Conf. Series 7 (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2006), pp. 195–197.

Yavuz, D. D.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G. Y.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

C. Rajyaguru, T. Higashiguchi, M. Koga, K. Kawasaki, M. Hamada, N. Dojyo, W. Sasaki, and S. Kubodera, Appl. Phys. B 80, 409 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London

G. Newton, D. A. Andrews, and P. J. Unsworth, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London 290, 373 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Kalosha, M. Spanner, J. Herrmann, and M. Ivanov, Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 103901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. F. Stebbings and F. B. Dunning, Rydberg States of Atoms and Molecules (Cambridge University Press, 1983).

EKSPLA Picosecond Nd:YAG lasers, http://www.ekspla.com/en/c/picosecond-nd-yag-lasers-19.

T. Harada, T. Hatano, and M. Yamamoto, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on X-Ray Microscopy, IPAP Conf. Series 7 (Institute of Pure and Applied Physics, 2006), pp. 195–197.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Instantaneous shift and broadening of relevant atomic energy levels for A C / E a = 1.25 × 10 2 Z 3 (the actual level broadening is 10 times reduced in the figure).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Amplitudes (blue columns) and phases (red stars) of components of the output spectral comb. Black arrows denote amplitude reduction of the respective components.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output radiation. Envelope of output pulse compared to the corresponding bandwidth-limited pulse (bold red line) appears in the inset.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( z 0 , t ) = E in = x 0 A in cos { ω ( t z / c ) }
E C ( z , t ) = x 0 A C sin { Ω ( t z / C ) } ,
E 2 ; 3 ( z , t ) = m e e 4 Z 2 8 2 ( 1 ± 3 F C + 21 2 F C 2 ± 195 8 F C 3 ) ,
w 2 ; 3 ( z , t ) = m e e 4 Z 2 8 3 ( 4 | F C | ) 2 ± s e 2 3 | F C | 3 s ,
{ d ρ 21 d t + i ( ω 21 ( τ ) i γ 21 ( τ ) ) ρ 21 = i d 0 E , d ρ 31 d t + i ( ω 31 ( τ ) i γ 31 ( τ ) ) ρ 31 = i d 0 E ,
2 E z 2 1 c 2 2 E t 2 = 4 π c 2 2 P t 2 ,
E out = 1 2 x 0 A in n = | E n | e i ( ω n t k n z + ϕ n ) + c.c. ,

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