Abstract

We strongly couple surface plasmon modes on a thin metal layer via localized plasmons of nanowires to photonic microcavity modes. In particular, we place an array of nanowires close to a mirror and position a second mirror at Bragg distance. The coupling becomes evident from an anticrossing of the resonances in the dispersion diagram. We experimentally determine the dispersion by applying external pressure to the microcavity and find excellent agreement with simulations.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).
  2. M. L. Brongersma and P. G. Kik, Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics (Springer, 2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics(Cambridge University, 2006).
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    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Ameling and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 4394 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (2)

R. Ameling and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 4394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

M. L. Brongersma and P. G. Kik, Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

S. Linden, M. Decker, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics(Cambridge University, 2006).

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1041 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

Alexander, J.

Ameling, R.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Ameling and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 4394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badenes, G.

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Braun, P. V.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, M. L.

M. L. Brongersma and P. G. Kik, Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Cesario, J.

Christ, A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Decker, M.

S. Linden, M. Decker, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorfmüller, J.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enoch, S.

Etrich, C.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feigenbaum, E.

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, L.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

R. Ameling and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 4394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gippius, N.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gippius, N. A.

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Granet, G.

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D.

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1041 (1984).
[CrossRef]

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics(Cambridge University, 2006).

Hentschel, M.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Holland, W.

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1041 (1984).
[CrossRef]

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, T.

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, S.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kern, K.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kik, P. G.

M. L. Brongersma and P. G. Kik, Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuhl, J.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langguth, L.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, F.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

S. Linden, M. Decker, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Long, L. L.

Lu, D.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

Mesch, M.

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muljarov, E. A.

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics(Cambridge University, 2006).

Ordal, M. A.

Orenstein, M.

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pertsch, T.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quidant, R.

Rockstuhl, C.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schweizer, H.

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tikhodeev, S.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tikhodeev, S. G.

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vogelgesang, R.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ward, C. A.

Wegener, M.

S. Linden, M. Decker, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, R. T.

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yablonskii, A. L.

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S.

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, S. Kaiser, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen, Adv. Mater. 19, 3628 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Ameling, L. Langguth, M. Hentschel, M. Mesch, P. V. Braun, and H. Giessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 253116 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

T. Weiss, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, G. Granet, and H. Giessen, J. Opt. A 11, 114019 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (2)

J. Dorfmüller, R. Vogelgesang, R. T. Weitz, C. Rockstuhl, C. Etrich, T. Pertsch, F. Lederer, and K. Kern, Nano Lett. 9, 2372 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Ameling and H. Giessen, Nano Lett. 10, 4394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (4)

A. Christ, T. Zentgraf, S. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, J. Kuhl, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 74, 155435 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765 (1983).
[CrossRef]

D. Lu, H. Liu, T. Li, S. Wang, F. Wang, S. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 77, 214302 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Tikhodeev, A. L. Yablonskii, E. A. Muljarov, N. A. Gippius, and T. Ishihara, Phys. Rev. B 66, 045102 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. Feigenbaum and M. Orenstein, Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 163902 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, M. Decker, and M. Wegener, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 083902 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Holland and D. Hall, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 1041 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

M. L. Brongersma and P. G. Kik, Surface Plasmon Nanophotonics (Springer, 2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics(Cambridge University, 2006).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Localized and surface plasmons can be excited in an array of metal nanowires close to a thin metal layer. The magnetic field plots of the two resonances reveal the nature of the two plasmon modes. (b) By adding a second metal layer, the microcavity modes can interact with the plasmon modes for those mirror distances d where the microcavity modes intersect with plasmon modes in the dispersion diagram. The red lines in the structure illustrations indicate the standing electric field. Illumination is from below with polarization along the x direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning electron microscope image of the structure. (a) Top view and (b) side view obtained by a focused ion beam (FIB) cut.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) ,(c) Simulated and (b), (d) measured reflectance for different microcavity lengths d. For incident light polarized perpendicular to the nanowires [(a), (b)], the anticrossing of the modes caused by the strong coupling of the plasmons to the cavity modes can be observed (indicated by black arrows). The white dashed lines denote the localized plasmon (LP) and surface plasmon (SP) resonances as well as the unperturbed cavity resonance. For incident light polarized along the elongated nanowires [(c), (d)], only the cavity modes are excited.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated and measured reflectance spectra at those cavity lengths where the resonance wavelength of the microcavity corresponds to the (a) surface plasmon (SP) and (b) localized plasmon (LP) resonances. The solid red curves correspond to the cavity structure, the dashed gray curves correspond to the unperturbed plasmon resonances of the structure without the second mirror.

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