Abstract

The Akhmediev breather formalism of modulation instability is extended to describe the spectral dynamics of induced multiple sideband generation from a modulated continuous wave field. Exact theoretical results describing the frequency domain evolution are compared with experiments performed using single mode fiber around 1550nm. The spectral theory is shown to reproduce the depletion dynamics of an injected modulated continuous wave pump and to describe the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam recurrence and recovery towards the initial state. Realistic simulations including higher-order dispersion, loss, and Raman scattering are used to identify that the primary physical factors that preclude perfect recurrence are related to imperfect initial conditions.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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