Abstract

We report the formation of inverted microstructures inside glasses after femtosecond laser irradiation by tuning the refractive index contrast between the immersion liquid and the glass sample. By using water as well as 1- bromonaphthalene as immersion liquids, microstructures with similar shape but opposite directions are induced after femtosecond laser irradiation. Interestingly, the elemental distribution in the induced structures is also inverted. The simulation of laser intensity distribution along the laser propagation direction indicates that the interfacial spherical aberration effect is responsible for the inversion of microstructures and elemental distribution.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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