Abstract

A split-pulse spectrometer based on pairs of time-delayed femtosecond pulses can give access to accurate frequency measurements in the extreme ultraviolet (XUV) spectral domain. We demonstrate this approach by measuring the absolute frequency of a single-XUV-photon transition to a bound state of atomic argon excited with the ninth harmonic of an amplified Ti:sapphire laser.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. 78, 695 (1950).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. M. Salour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 667 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Ralchenko, A. E. Kramida, J. Reader and NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) Team, “NIST Atomic Spectra Database (version 4.0.1)” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010), available online at: http://physics.nist.gov/asd.
  15. Note that the frequency origin of our plots takes into account the carrier envelope offset correction, whose effect is to decrease the apparent frequency of the transition in Eq. : νeg→νeg−δνceo, δνceo=NhνIR(1−nvg/c)=+0.56 cm−1, where Nh=9 is the order of the harmonic, while n is the refractive index at νIR.

2011

R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1978

M. M. Salour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 667 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1950

N. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. 78, 695 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Batteiger, V.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bellini, M.

R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blank, D.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cavalieri, S.

R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Charalambidis, D.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corsi, C.

R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eikema, K. S. E.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eramo, R.

R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Evans, M.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Faucher, O.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flaim, C.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Haas, M.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heimann, P. A.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, M.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, C. W.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jentschura, U. D.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kalpouzos, C.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kandula, D. Z.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaziannis, S.

Knünz, S.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koike, M.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kolachevsky, N.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kottmann, F.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kramida, A. E.

Y. Ralchenko, A. E. Kramida, J. Reader and NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) Team, “NIST Atomic Spectra Database (version 4.0.1)” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010), available online at: http://physics.nist.gov/asd.

Kruse, J. E.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. T.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leibfried, D.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liontos, I.

Materazzi, M.

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, C. Y.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ozawa, A.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Padmore, H. A.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pinkert, T. J.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pirri, A.

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ralchenko, Y.

Y. Ralchenko, A. E. Kramida, J. Reader and NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) Team, “NIST Atomic Spectra Database (version 4.0.1)” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010), available online at: http://physics.nist.gov/asd.

Ramsey, N.

N. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. 78, 695 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Reader, J.

Y. Ralchenko, A. E. Kramida, J. Reader and NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) Team, “NIST Atomic Spectra Database (version 4.0.1)” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010), available online at: http://physics.nist.gov/asd.

Saathoff, G.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sali, E.

I. Liontos, S. Cavalieri, C. Corsi, R. Eramo, S. Kaziannis, A. Pirri, E. Sali, and M. Bellini, Opt. Lett. 35, 832 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salour, M. M.

M. M. Salour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 667 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schüssler, H. A.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Skantzakis, E.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suits, A. G.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tsakiris, G. D.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzallas, P.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ubachs, W.

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, T.

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Witte, S.

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X. M.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zinkstok, R. T.

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

N. Ramsey, Phys. Rev. 78, 695 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

M. Herrmann, M. Haas, U. D. Jentschura, F. Kottmann, D. Leibfried, G. Saathoff, C. Gohle, A. Ozawa, V. Batteiger, S. Knünz, N. Kolachevsky, H. A. Schüssler, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, Phys. Rev. A 79, 052505 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Cavalieri and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 58, R4263 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Zinkstok, S. Witte, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. A 73, 061801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Pirri, E. Sali, C. Corsi, M. Bellini, S. Cavalieri, and R. Eramo, Phys. Rev. A 78, 043410 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Eramo, M. Bellini, C. Corsi, I. Liontos, and S. Cavalieri, Phys. Rev. A 83, 041402 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Skantzakis, P. Tzallas, J. E. Kruse, C. Kalpouzos, O. Faucher, G. D. Tsakiris, and D. Charalambidis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 043902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Z. Kandula, C. Gohle, T. J. Pinkert, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 063001 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Cavalieri, R. Eramo, M. Materazzi, C. Corsi, and M. Bellini, Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 133002 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

M. M. Salour, Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 667 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

P. A. Heimann, M. Koike, C. W. Hsu, D. Blank, X. M. Yang, A. G. Suits, Y. T. Lee, M. Evans, C. Y. Ng, C. Flaim, and H. A. Padmore, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1945 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science

S. Witte, R. T. Zinkstok, W. Ubachs, W. Hogervorst, and K. S. E. Eikema, Science 307, 400 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Y. Ralchenko, A. E. Kramida, J. Reader and NIST Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) Team, “NIST Atomic Spectra Database (version 4.0.1)” (National Institute of Standards and Technology, 2010), available online at: http://physics.nist.gov/asd.

Note that the frequency origin of our plots takes into account the carrier envelope offset correction, whose effect is to decrease the apparent frequency of the transition in Eq. : νeg→νeg−δνceo, δνceo=NhνIR(1−nvg/c)=+0.56 cm−1, where Nh=9 is the order of the harmonic, while n is the refractive index at νIR.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the experimental setup. Left inset: Michelson interferometer and scheme of the two-time-window measurement. Right inset: relevant Ar levels and pulse sequences.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a), (b) Ramsey fringes for two slow and short scans delayed by T 2.84 ps ; (c), (d) corresponding He–Ne interference fringes; (e), (f) squared FT of the above fringe patterns; (g) spectrum of the combined two-time-window acquisition; modes labels ν o , ν ± 1 , are also indicated. The origin of the frequency is ν NIST .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Histogram of the mode frequencies ν m ( T ) versus the adimensional variable ϵ = T ( ν m ( T ) ν NIST ) . The peaks have a standard deviation of 0.13. For comparison, a completely flat distribution due to large calibration errors (the band drawn on the bottom of the histogram) would be characterized by a standard deviation 0.29 .

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

| c e ( t ) | 2 = | Ω ˜ ( ν ν eg ) | 2 4 | 1 + e 2 π i ν eg t | 2 ,

Metrics