Abstract

A subwavelength holey plasmonic structure was proposed by adiabatically tapering a photonic crystal fiber (PCF) and subsequently metalizing the cleaved end facet. By coupling a white light into the PCF side, we experimentally observed an enhanced optical transmission in the spectral domain through the plasmonic structure at the tapered end. We further showed numerically that the proposed device renders a focused directional beam, due to its Fresnel-zone-like configuration and the plasmonic lensing effects.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. Przybilla, A. Degiron, C. Genet, T. Ebbesen, F. de Léon-Pérez, J. Bravo-Abad, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, Opt. Express 16, 9571 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

R. M. Gelfand, L. Bruderer, and H. Mohseni, Opt. Lett. 34, 1087 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

F. Przybilla, A. Degiron, C. Genet, T. Ebbesen, F. de Léon-Pérez, J. Bravo-Abad, F. J. García-Vidal, and L. Martín-Moreno, Opt. Express 16, 9571 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pulisciano, S. J. Park, and R. E. Palmer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 213109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Fu, C. Du, W. Zhou, and L. E. Ng Lim, Res. Lett. Phys. 2008, 148505 (2008).

2007

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 445, 39 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2004

E. C. Magi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Canning, E. Buckley, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Express 11, 347 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

2001

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Physica B (Amsterdam) 279, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Angelis, F.

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bravo-Abad, J.

Bruderer, L.

Buckley, E.

Candeloro, P.

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Ctistis, G.

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Das, G.

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Léon-Pérez, F.

Degiron, A.

Dhawan, A.

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

Y. Fu, C. Du, W. Zhou, and L. E. Ng Lim, Res. Lett. Phys. 2008, 148505 (2008).

Ebbesen, T.

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 445, 39 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Physica B (Amsterdam) 279, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ebessen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

E. C. Magi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fabrizio, F.

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Folkenberg, J.

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu, C. Du, W. Zhou, and L. E. Ng Lim, Res. Lett. Phys. 2008, 148505 (2008).

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

García-Vidal, F. J.

Gelfand, R. M.

Genet, C.

Giersig, M.

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joly, N.

Kempa, K.

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, T.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kowalsky, W.

C. Rompf and W. Kowalsky, Annual Report, Institut fu¨r Hochfrequenztechnik, Technische Universita¨t Braunschweig (1995).

Krishnan, A.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. W.

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. St.J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 35, 2573 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Physica B (Amsterdam) 279, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liberale, C.

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lyytikainen, K.

Magi, E. C.

E. C. Magi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martín-Moreno, L.

Mohseni, H.

Mortensen, N.

Muth, J. F.

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ng Lim, L. E.

Y. Fu, C. Du, W. Zhou, and L. E. Ng Lim, Res. Lett. Phys. 2008, 148505 (2008).

Palmer, R. E.

A. Pulisciano, S. J. Park, and R. E. Palmer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 213109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. J.

A. Pulisciano, S. J. Park, and R. E. Palmer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 213109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Patoka, P.

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Przybilla, F.

Pulisciano, A.

A. Pulisciano, S. J. Park, and R. E. Palmer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 213109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rompf, C.

C. Rompf and W. Kowalsky, Annual Report, Institut fu¨r Hochfrequenztechnik, Technische Universita¨t Braunschweig (1995).

Russell, P. J.

Russell, P. St.J.

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. St.J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 35, 2573 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scharrer, M.

Schmidt, M. A.

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. St.J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 35, 2573 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sempere, L. P.

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinvurzel, P.

E. C. Magi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Physica B (Amsterdam) 279, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tyagi, H. K.

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. St.J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 35, 2573 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Uebel, P.

Vidal, F.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolff, P.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.

Y. Fu, C. Du, W. Zhou, and L. E. Ng Lim, Res. Lett. Phys. 2008, 148505 (2008).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St.J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Pulisciano, S. J. Park, and R. E. Palmer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 213109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebessen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4500 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

E. C. Magi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

A. Dhawan and J. F. Muth, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 237 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

G. Ctistis, P. Patoka, X. Wang, K. Kempa, and M. Giersig, Nano Lett. 7, 2926 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, Nature 445, 39 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

A. Krishnan, T. Thio, T. Kim, T. Ebbesen, P. Wolff, J. Pendry, and F. Vidal, Opt. Commun. 200, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Physica B (Amsterdam)

T. Thio, H. J. Lezec, and T. W. Ebbesen, Physica B (Amsterdam) 279, 90 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

F. Angelis, G. Das, C. Liberale, P. Candeloro, and F. Fabrizio, Proc. SPIE 7394, 739404 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Res. Lett. Phys.

Y. Fu, C. Du, W. Zhou, and L. E. Ng Lim, Res. Lett. Phys. 2008, 148505 (2008).

Other

C. Rompf and W. Kowalsky, Annual Report, Institut fu¨r Hochfrequenztechnik, Technische Universita¨t Braunschweig (1995).

Reference Guide for FDTD Solution Release 7.5 (2011), Lumerical Solutions Inc., http://www.lumerical.com/fdtd.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of proposed metalized nano structured PCF taper. Hexagonal PCF is tapered down to provide subwavelength air hole arrays.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) image of the cleaved end of a tapered PCF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical transmission of fabricated MN-PCF (solid curve), and numerical simulated MN-PCF (dashed curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Intensity distribution of transmission along the axis of the MN-PCF taper (Z direction) for gold film thickness of 0 200 nm at peak wavelength λ = 734 nm . The inset shows DOF in various film thicknesses. (b) Transverse intensity distribution along the Z direction at different distances for 200 nm thick gold film at λ = 734 nm . The inset shows field intensity pattern in X Z dimension.

Equations (1)

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λ r = p 3 / 4 ε d ( ω ) ε m ( ω ) ( ε d ( ω ) + ε m ( ω ) ) ( i 2 + j 2 + i j ) ,

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