Abstract

We propose an ultrasmall plasmonic cavity consisting of a high-index/low-index dielectric nanorod covered with silver. Full three-dimensional subwavelength confinement of the surface-plasmon polaritons was achieved at the high-index dielectric–silver interface without propagating to the low-index dielectric–silver interface. The numerical simulations showed that the plasmonic mode excited in this cavity has a deep subwavelength mode volume of 0.0038(λ/2n)3 and a quality factor of 1500 at 40K, and consequently a large Purcell factor of 2×105. Therefore, this plasmonic cavity is expected to be useful for the demonstration of high-efficiency single photon sources or low-threshold lasers in an ultracompact nanophotonic circuit.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010

S.-H. Kwon, J.-H. Kang, C. Seassal, S.-K. Kim, P. Regreny, Y.-H. Lee, C. M. Lieber, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 10, 3679 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kuttge, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 10, 1537 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Maksymov, M. Besbes, J. P. Hugonin, J. Yang, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

M.-K. Seo, S.-H. Kwon, H.-S. Ee, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 9, 4078 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, Nature 457, 455 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vuckovic, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 264 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Makarova, V. Sih, J. Warga, R. Li, L. D. Negro, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

K. Nozaki, S. Kita, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 15, 7506(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Gong and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033113(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nozaki and T. Baba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 211101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370(1972).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vuckovic, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 264 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, T.

Baek, J.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Besbes, M.

I. S. Maksymov, M. Besbes, J. P. Hugonin, J. Yang, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

I. S. Maksymov, M. Besbes, J. P. Hugonin, J. Yang, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bondarenko, O.

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370(1972).
[CrossRef]

Dai, L.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Abajo, F. J. Garcia

M. Kuttge, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 10, 1537 (2010).
[CrossRef]

de Vries, T.

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dionne, J. A.

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ee, H.-S.

M.-K. Seo, S.-H. Kwon, H.-S. Ee, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 9, 4078 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eijkemans, T. J.

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, B.

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vuckovic, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 264 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, H. Altug, B. Ellis, and J. Vuckovic, Laser Photon. Rev. 2, 264 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fainman, Y.

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, L.

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geluk, E. J.

M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gladden, C.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

Y. Gong and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 033113(2007).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, C.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hugonin, J. P.

I. S. Maksymov, M. Besbes, J. P. Hugonin, J. Yang, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370(1972).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, J.-H.

S.-H. Kwon, J.-H. Kang, C. Seassal, S.-K. Kim, P. Regreny, Y.-H. Lee, C. M. Lieber, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 10, 3679 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karouta, F.

Keldysh, L. V.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-B.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-K.

S.-H. Kwon, J.-H. Kang, C. Seassal, S.-K. Kim, P. Regreny, Y.-H. Lee, C. M. Lieber, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 10, 3679 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kita, S.

Kuhn, S.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuttge, M.

M. Kuttge, F. J. Garcia de Abajo, and A. Polman, Nano Lett. 10, 1537 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S.-H.

S.-H. Kwon, J.-H. Kang, C. Seassal, S.-K. Kim, P. Regreny, Y.-H. Lee, C. M. Lieber, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 10, 3679 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-K. Seo, S.-H. Kwon, H.-S. Ee, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 9, 4078 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lalanne, P.

I. S. Maksymov, M. Besbes, J. P. Hugonin, J. Yang, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

S.-H. Kwon, J.-H. Kang, C. Seassal, S.-K. Kim, P. Regreny, Y.-H. Lee, C. M. Lieber, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 10, 3679 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim, and Y.-H. Lee, Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leong, E. S. P.

Lezec, H. J.

J. A. Dionne, H. J. Lezec, and H. A. Atwater, Nano Lett. 6, 1928 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

M. Makarova, V. Sih, J. Warga, R. Li, L. D. Negro, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lieber, C. M.

S.-H. Kwon, J.-H. Kang, C. Seassal, S.-K. Kim, P. Regreny, Y.-H. Lee, C. M. Lieber, and H.-G. Park, Nano Lett. 10, 3679 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Loffler, A.

J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lomakin, V.

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, R. M.

R. F. Oulton, V. J. Sorger, T. Zentgraf, R. M. Ma, C. Gladden, L. Dai, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nature 461, 629 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

Makarova, M.

M. Makarova, V. Sih, J. Warga, R. Li, L. D. Negro, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maksymov, I. S.

I. S. Maksymov, M. Besbes, J. P. Hugonin, J. Yang, A. Beveratos, I. Sagnes, I. Robert-Philip, and P. Lalanne, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marell, M.

Min, B.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, Nature 457, 455 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizrahi, A.

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Negro, L. D.

M. Makarova, V. Sih, J. Warga, R. Li, L. D. Negro, and J. Vuckovic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 161107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nezhad, M. P.

M. P. Nezhad, A. Simic, O. Bondarenko, B. Slutsky, A. Mizrahi, L. Feng, V. Lomakin, and Y. Fainman, Nat. Photon. 4, 395 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ning, C. Z.

Notzel, R.

M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

Oei, Y.

Oei, Y.-S.

M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ostby, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, Nature 457, 455 (2009).
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J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
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M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
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M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
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M. T. Hill, Y.-S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. de Vries, P. J. van Veldhoven, F. W. M. van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. de Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, Nat. Photon. 1, 589 (2007).
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M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
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M. T. Hill, M. Marell, E. S. P. Leong, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, M. Sun, P. J. van Veldhoven, E. J. Geluk, F. Karouta, Y. Oei, R. Notzel, C. Z. Ning, and M. K. Smit, Opt. Express 17, 11107 (2009).
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J. P. Reithmaier, G. Sek, A. Loffler, C. Hofmann, S. Kuhn, S. Reitzenstein, L. V. Keldysh, V. D. Kulakovskii, T. L. Reinecke, and A. Forchel, Nature 432, 197 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. A. Maier, Plasmonics: Fundamentals and Applications (Springer, 2007).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the SPP cavity consisting of a high-index (dark gray, top)/low-index (blue, bottom) dielectric nanorod covered by silver. The cavity was placed on a sapphire substrate. (b) Calculated dispersion curves of the fundamental SPP mode for the core refractive indices of 3.4 (circles) and 1.5 (squares). We set w = 200 nm and d = 100 nm . The inset shows a cross-sectional view of the waveguide. (c) Electric field profiles ( E 2 , E x , E y ) of the fundamental SPP mode for the high-index dielectric core–silver shell waveguide. (d) Electric field intensity distribution calculated along the arrows in (c).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Electric field intensity profile of the SPP mode excited in the high-index/low-index dielectric nanorod SPP cavity. L c = 200 nm , w = 200 nm , and d = 100 nm . (b) Band diagram of the SPP mode corresponding to (a). Allowed and forbidden regions are drawn along the z axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Cutoff frequency color map calculated as a function of w and d in the high-index dielectric core– silver shell SPP waveguide. The cutoff frequency decreases with increasing w and decreasing d. (b) Q factors at 40 K (circles) and mode volumes (squares) calculated as a function of the cross-sectional area, w times d. (w, d) varies from ( 200 nm , 100 nm ) to ( 60 nm , 5 nm ). (c) Purcell factor calculated as a function of the cross-sectional area.

Equations (1)

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F = 3 4 π 2 ( λ n ) 3 ( Q V ) ,

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