Abstract

We report on a new (to our knowledge) configuration incorporating both birefringence and quasi-phase-matching, enabling efficient phase-matched nonlinear diffraction in one-dimensional periodically poled nonlinear crystals. We demonstrate the method experimentally, showing an efficient nonlinear diffraction to the first few orders in two types of crystals, MgO doped congruent lithium niobate and congruent lithium niobate, and characterize its efficiency dependence on the fundamental power, the propagation angle, and the crystal temperature. This configuration can increase efficiencies observed in nonlinear diffraction experiments, enables ferroelectric domain characterization by nonlinear microscopy, and can be used to determine the duty cycles of periodically poled nonlinear crystals.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. Freund, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1404 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 16539 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  10. T. Ellenbogen and A. Arie, Opt. Commun. 277, 423(2007).
    [Crossref]
  11. I. Shoji, T. Kondo, A. Kitamoto, M. Shirane, and R. Ito, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2268 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  12. K. Kato and E. Takaoka, Appl. Opt. 41, 5040 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 16539 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

T. Ellenbogen and A. Arie, Opt. Commun. 277, 423(2007).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

1997 (1)

1984 (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

I. Freund, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1404 (1968).
[Crossref]

Arie, A.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 16539 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Ellenbogen and A. Arie, Opt. Commun. 277, 423(2007).
[Crossref]

Bang, O.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Best, A.

Butt, H. J.

Chen, X.

X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
[Crossref]

Deng, X.

X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
[Crossref]

Edwards, G. J.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen and A. Arie, Opt. Commun. 277, 423(2007).
[Crossref]

Fischer, R.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Freund, I.

I. Freund, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1404 (1968).
[Crossref]

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ito, R.

Kato, K.

Kitamoto, A.

Kivshar, Y. S.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kondo, T.

Koynov, K.

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 16539 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

Krolikowski, W.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 16539 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lao, H.

X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lawrence, M.

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

Neshev, D. N.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ren, H.

X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S. M.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 34, 848 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sheng, Y.

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H. J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, Opt. Express 18, 16539 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Takaoka, E.

Voloch-Bloch, N.

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, Appl. Phys. B 91, 343 (2008).
[Crossref]

X. Deng, H. Ren, H. Lao, and X. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 100, 755 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Ellenbogen and A. Arie, Opt. Commun. 277, 423(2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. J. Edwards and M. Lawrence, Opt. Quantum Electron. 16, 373 (1984).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Arie, O. Bang, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 083902 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. Freund, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1404 (1968).
[Crossref]

S. M. Saltiel, D. N. Neshev, R. Fischer, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 103902 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron. (1)

S. M. Saltiel, Y. Sheng, N. Voloch-Bloch, D. N. Neshev, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, K. Koynov, and Y. S. Kivshar, Quantum Electron. 45, 1465 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Phase-matching configurations and their corresponding wave vector diagrams: (a) collinear phase-matching, (b) Raman–Nath and Bragg NLD with the FF propagating along the optical axis, (c) suggested NLD scheme with the FF propagating perpendicular to the optical axis.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison between measured (left) and simulated (right) diffraction patterns on a screen 29.5 cm away from the MgO:CLN crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison between measured (plus sign curves) and predicted (solid curves) results: (a) output power dependence on the rotation angle of the crystal, (b) output power dependence on input power, (c) output power dependence on temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Required poling periods for phase-matched NLD for different FF wavelengths at 50 °C : (a) second diffraction order in CLN, (b) first diffraction order in MgO:CLN, (c) first diffraction order in KTP.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison between Predicted and Measured Diffraction Order Parameters in the MgO:CLN and CLN Crystals

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison between Predicted and Measured Conversion Efficiencies in the MgO:CLN and CLN Crystals

Metrics