Abstract

We first research the effects of femtosecond-laser-induced plasma (FLIP) on a laminar premixed methane/oxygen/nitrogen flame speed with a wide range of equivalence ratios (0.82.0) at atmospheric pressure. It is experimentally found that the flame speed increases by 30.8% at equivalence ratio 1.33, and the effects of the FLIP on the flame speed are more remarkable when the methane is rich. The self-emission spectra from the flame and the plasma are studied, and the presence of the oxygen atom is likely to be a key factor in enhancing flame speed.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. I. Mintoussov, S. V. Pancheshnyi, and A. Y. Starikovskii, in Proceeding of 42nd AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004), 12385.
  4. L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 351 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, and D. H. McNeill, Opt. Lasers Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).
  9. R. Dewhurst, J. Phys. D 11, L191 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 352 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Natarajan, T. Lieuwen, and J. Seitzman, Combust. Flame 151, 104 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. K. Law and C. J. Sung, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 26, 459 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

J. Natarajan, T. Lieuwen, and J. Seitzman, Combust. Flame 151, 104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, and D. H. McNeill, Opt. Lasers Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. K. Law and C. J. Sung, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 26, 459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 352 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

R. Dewhurst, J. Phys. D 11, L191 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abbate, S.

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, G. K.

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aubreton, J.

J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cinelli, M. J.

J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Coates, D. M.

L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dewhurst, R.

R. Dewhurst, J. Phys. D 11, L191 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ferreri, V. W.

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fridman, A.

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Galley, D.

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Geringer, B.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Graf, J.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Gutsol, A.

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jauberteau, I.

J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jauberteau, J. L.

J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jetzinger, M.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Ju, Y.

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kapus, P.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Kim, K.-T.

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Klawatsch, D.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Kossyi, I. A.

I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kostinsky, A. Y.

I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lacas, F.

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lacoste, D. A.

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laux, C. O.

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Law, C. K.

C. K. Law and C. J. Sung, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 26, 459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, H. P.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Liedl, G.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Lieuwen, T.

J. Natarajan, T. Lieuwen, and J. Seitzman, Combust. Flame 151, 104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matveyev, A. A.

I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McNeill, D. H.

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, and D. H. McNeill, Opt. Lasers Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mintoussov, E. I.

E. I. Mintoussov, S. V. Pancheshnyi, and A. Y. Starikovskii, in Proceeding of 42nd AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004), 12385.

Natarajan, J.

J. Natarajan, T. Lieuwen, and J. Seitzman, Combust. Flame 151, 104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ombrello, T.

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pancheshnyi, S. V.

E. I. Mintoussov, S. V. Pancheshnyi, and A. Y. Starikovskii, in Proceeding of 42nd AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004), 12385.

Phuoc, T. X.

T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, and D. H. McNeill, Opt. Lasers Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pilla, G.

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piock, W. F.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Platts, D.

L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qin, X.

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rosocha, L. A.

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schuöcker, D.

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Seitzman, J.

J. Natarajan, T. Lieuwen, and J. Seitzman, Combust. Flame 151, 104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silakov, V. P.

I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Soileau, M. J.

W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 352 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stange, S.

L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Starikovskii, A. Y.

E. I. Mintoussov, S. V. Pancheshnyi, and A. Y. Starikovskii, in Proceeding of 42nd AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004), 12385.

Sung, C. J.

C. K. Law and C. J. Sung, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 26, 459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 352 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Veynante, D.

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

White, C. M.

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, and D. H. McNeill, Opt. Lasers Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Williams, W. E.

W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 352 (1983).
[CrossRef]

AIAA J. (1)

T. Ombrello, X. Qin, Y. Ju, A. Gutsol, and A. Fridman, AIAA J. 44, 142 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. E. Williams, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 352 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Combust. Flame (1)

J. Natarajan, T. Lieuwen, and J. Seitzman, Combust. Flame 151, 104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (2)

Y. Kim, V. W. Ferreri, L. A. Rosocha, G. K. Anderson, S. Abbate, and K.-T. Kim, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2532 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Pilla, D. Galley, D. A. Lacoste, F. Lacas, D. Veynante, and C. O. Laux, IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 34, 2471 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

R. Dewhurst, J. Phys. D 11, L191 (1978).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. L. Jauberteau, I. Jauberteau, M. J. Cinelli, and J. Aubreton, New J. Phys. 4, 39 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (2)

T. X. Phuoc, Opt. Lasers Eng. 44, 351 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. X. Phuoc, C. M. White, and D. H. McNeill, Opt. Lasers Eng. 38, 217 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Plasmas (1)

L. A. Rosocha, D. M. Coates, D. Platts, and S. Stange, Phys. Plasmas 11, 2950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. (1)

I. A. Kossyi, A. Y. Kostinsky, A. A. Matveyev, and V. P. Silakov, Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 1, 207 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. Liedl, D. Schuöcker, B. Geringer, J. Graf, D. Klawatsch, H. P. Lenz, W. F. Piock, M. Jetzinger, and P. Kapus, Proc. SPIE 6346, 63461K-1(2007).

Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. (1)

C. K. Law and C. J. Sung, Prog. Energy Combust. Sci. 26, 459 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. I. Mintoussov, S. V. Pancheshnyi, and A. Y. Starikovskii, in Proceeding of 42nd AIAA Aerospace Science Meeting and Exhibit (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2004), 12385.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experiment setup (MFM, mass flow meter).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Images of CH 4 / O 2 / N 2 laminar premixed flame for various equivalence ratios (Φ).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Flame speeds of laminar premixed CH 4 / O 2 / N 2 flame ( 38 62 O 2 N 2 ) with and without FLIP at p = 1 atm and T u 300 K .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission spectra: (a) FLIP in N 2 / O 2 current, (b) FLIP in laminar premixed CH 4 / O 2 / N 2 flame.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ = CH 4 / O 2 ( CH 4 / O 2 ) st ,
S u = m ˙ ρ u A b = Q ˙ A b ,
N 2 ( A 3 Σ u + ) + O 2 N 2 ( X 1 Σ g + ) + O + O ,
N 2 ( B 3 Π g ) + O 2 N 2 ( X 1 Σ g + ) + O + O ,
N 2 ( C 3 Π u ) + O 2 N 2 ( X 1 Σ g + ) + O + O .

Metrics