Abstract

Noncritically phase-matched (NCPM) fourth harmonic generation (FHG) of Nd:glass laser radiation in partially deuterated dihydrogen phosphate (KD*P) crystals has been demonstrated. At an Nd:glass laser wavelength of 1053.0nm, NCPM FHG is achieved in 70% deuterated KD*P at a crystal temperature of 18.5±0.1°C. Tuning the fundamental laser wavelength from 1052.9 to 1053.2nm, FHG in KD*P is NCPM by changing the crystal temperature from 17.9°C to 20.5°C. When driven with 2.4J of second harmonic radiation in a 3ns flat-top pulse, corresponding to 1GW/cm2 2ω drive intensity, 1.9J of fourth harmonic radiation was generated in a 6mm long KD*P crystal, yielding a second to fourth harmonic energy conversion efficiency of 79%.

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    [CrossRef]
  7. The 70% deuterated KD*P crystal used in this study is supplied by Cleveland Crystal Inc.
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2004 (1)

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

1981 (1)

R. Craxton, S. Jacobs, J. Rizzo, and R. Boni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

J. Reintjes and R. C. Eckardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Bredikhin, V. N. Genkin, S. P. Kuznetsov, and M. A. Novikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 165 (1977).

1976 (1)

Y. S. Liu, W. B. Jones, and J. P. Chernoch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Barker, C. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boni, R.

R. Craxton, S. Jacobs, J. Rizzo, and R. Boni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. D.

Bredikhin, V. I.

V. I. Bredikhin, V. N. Genkin, S. P. Kuznetsov, and M. A. Novikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 165 (1977).

Bruneau, D.

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. H.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chaffee, P. H.

P. H. Chaffee and R. B. Ehrlich, “Laser program annual report: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” UCRL 50021-863–151 (1986).

Chernoch, J. P.

Y. S. Liu, W. B. Jones, and J. P. Chernoch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Craxton, R.

R. Craxton, S. Jacobs, J. Rizzo, and R. Boni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Reintjes and R. C. Eckardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ehrlich, R. B.

P. H. Chaffee and R. B. Ehrlich, “Laser program annual report: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” UCRL 50021-863–151 (1986).

Ehrlich, R. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eimerl, D.

Fabre, E.

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Genkin, V. N.

V. I. Bredikhin, V. N. Genkin, S. P. Kuznetsov, and M. A. Novikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 165 (1977).

Hackel, R. P.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Henesian, M. A.

Hildum, J. S.

Honig, J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, J. T.

Jacobs, S.

R. Craxton, S. Jacobs, J. Rizzo, and R. Boni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, B. C.

Jones, W. B.

Y. S. Liu, W. B. Jones, and J. P. Chernoch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, S. P.

V. I. Bredikhin, V. N. Genkin, S. P. Kuznetsov, and M. A. Novikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 165 (1977).

Kyle, K.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Linford, G. J.

Liu, Y. S.

Y. S. Liu, W. B. Jones, and J. P. Chernoch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Luthi, R. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, C. D.

Martin, W. E.

Masuda, H.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Murray, J. R.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, N. D.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nostrand, M. C.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Novikov, M. A.

V. I. Bredikhin, V. N. Genkin, S. P. Kuznetsov, and M. A. Novikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 165 (1977).

Payne, S. A.

Powell, H. T.

Reintjes, J.

J. Reintjes and R. C. Eckardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Rizzo, J.

R. Craxton, S. Jacobs, J. Rizzo, and R. Boni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sacks, R. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sell, W. D.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

Snyder, K.

Speth, J. A.

Stanley, J. A.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Tournade, A.

Vercimark, C. L.

Vickers, J. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T. L.

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Wonterghem, B. M. V.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. S. Liu, W. B. Jones, and J. P. Chernoch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 32 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. Craxton, S. Jacobs, J. Rizzo, and R. Boni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1782 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Reintjes and R. C. Eckardt, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 791 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, Proc. SPIE 2633, 501 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Nostrand, T. L. Weiland, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, W. D. Sell, J. A. Stanley, J. Honig, J. Auerbach, R. P. Hackel, and P. J. Wegner, Proc. SPIE 5273, 325(2004).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

V. I. Bredikhin, V. N. Genkin, S. P. Kuznetsov, and M. A. Novikov, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 3, 165 (1977).

Other (2)

P. H. Chaffee and R. B. Ehrlich, “Laser program annual report: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,” UCRL 50021-863–151 (1986).

The 70% deuterated KD*P crystal used in this study is supplied by Cleveland Crystal Inc.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Temperature tuning curve for NCPM FHG of 1053.0 nm laser radiation in a 6 mm long 70% deuterated KD*P crystal. Inset shows the phase-matching geometry. The solid curve is a ( sin ( x ) / x ) 2 fit to the data.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

External angular acceptance for NCPM FHG of 1052.9 nm radiation in a 6 mm long KD*P crystal (squares). The angular acceptance of a critically phase-matched KDP crystal (circles) with similar length is also plotted. Solid curves are ( sin ( x ) / x ) 2 fit to the data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temperature tuning curve for NCPM FHG in KD*P at four different fundamental wavelengths. Solid cuves are ( sin ( x ) / x ) 2 fit to the data. The peak phase-matching temperature at each fundamental wavelength setting is plotted in the inset.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured fourth harmonic energy (squares) and conversion efficiency (circles) plotted as a function of aperture-averaged 2 ω drive intensity. The filled-in symbols are for λ 1 ω = 1053.0 nm and T c = 18.5 ° C , while open symbols are for λ 1 ω = 1053.19 nm and T c = 20 ° C . Solid curves are plane-wave calculations using parameters as described in the text.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Phase-Matching Properties of Type I NCPM FHG of 1053 nm Nd:Glass Laser in 70% Deuterated KD*P Crystal

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