Abstract

A series of vanadium-doped lithium niobate (LN:V) crystals has been grown and their photorefractive properties were investigated. For 0.1  mol. % V-doped LiNbO3, a fast photorefractive response of 160ms was obtained with a 351nm laser and a total light intensity of 583mW/cm2. The measurements of the x-ray photoelectron spectrum and electron paramagnetic resonance show that V3+, V4+, and V5+ ions exist in these LN:V crystals. V3+ and V4+ ions correspond to the 420 and 475nm absorption peaks, respectively. The fast photorefractive response and high sensitivity indicate that LN:V is a suitable candidate for UV photorefractive applications.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

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L. Dhar, K. Curtis, and T. Fäcke, Nat. Photon. 2, 403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Y. Tomita, S. Sunarno, and G. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 753 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Qiao, J. Xu, G. Zhang, X. Zhang, Q. Sun, and G. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 70, 094101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Haw, Nature 422, 556 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

A. Hellemans, Science 286, 1502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

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[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. P. Huignard and F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

P. A. Arsenev and B. A. Baranov, Phys. Status Solidi A 9, 673 (1972).
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1968 (1)

F. S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 223 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, M. W.

M. W. Anderson, L. Occelli, and S. L. Suib, J. Catal. 122, 374 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Arsenev, P. A.

P. A. Arsenev and B. A. Baranov, Phys. Status Solidi A 9, 673 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Baranov, B. A.

P. A. Arsenev and B. A. Baranov, Phys. Status Solidi A 9, 673 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Barbaux, Y.

J. Mendialdua, R. Casanova, and Y. Barbaux, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 71, 249 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boj, S.

Buse, K.

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Casanova, R.

J. Mendialdua, R. Casanova, and Y. Barbaux, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 71, 249 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F. S.

F. S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 223 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

Curtis, K.

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, and T. Fäcke, Nat. Photon. 2, 403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dhar, L.

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, and T. Fäcke, Nat. Photon. 2, 403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fäcke, T.

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, and T. Fäcke, Nat. Photon. 2, 403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrio, K. B.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guenther, B. D.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haw, M.

M. Haw, Nature 422, 556 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hellemans, A.

A. Hellemans, Science 286, 1502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickx, E.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Herlocker, J. A.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M.

M. Huang, S. Shan, C. Yuan, Y. Li, and Q. Wang, Zeolites 10, 772 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Huignard and F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kippelen, B.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kong, Y.

Krätzig, E.

R. Orlowski and E. Krätzig, Solid State Commun. 27, 1351 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Li, Y.

M. Huang, S. Shan, C. Yuan, Y. Li, and Q. Wang, Zeolites 10, 772 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

Liu, S.

Mendialdua, J.

J. Mendialdua, R. Casanova, and Y. Barbaux, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 71, 249 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mery, S.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Micheron, F.

J. P. Huignard and F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mok, F.

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Occelli, L.

M. W. Anderson, L. Occelli, and S. L. Suib, J. Catal. 122, 374 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Orlowski, R.

R. Orlowski and E. Krätzig, Solid State Commun. 27, 1351 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Pauliat, G.

Peyghambarian, N.

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, H.

Roosen, G.

Rupp, R.

Shan, S.

M. Huang, S. Shan, C. Yuan, Y. Li, and Q. Wang, Zeolites 10, 772 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

Song, F.

Suib, S. L.

M. W. Anderson, L. Occelli, and S. L. Suib, J. Catal. 122, 374 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Q.

Sunarno, S.

Tian, T.

Tomita, Y.

Wang, Q.

M. Huang, S. Shan, C. Yuan, Y. Li, and Q. Wang, Zeolites 10, 772 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yan, W.

Yao, J.

Yuan, C.

M. Huang, S. Shan, C. Yuan, Y. Li, and Q. Wang, Zeolites 10, 772 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

H. Qiao, J. Xu, G. Zhang, X. Zhang, Q. Sun, and G. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 70, 094101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tomita, S. Sunarno, and G. Zhang, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 753 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Qiao, J. Xu, G. Zhang, X. Zhang, Q. Sun, and G. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 70, 094101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, G. Zhang, F. Li, X. Zhang, Q. Sun, S. Liu, F. Song, Y. Kong, X. Chen, H. Qiao, J. Yao, and J. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 25, 129 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. S. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 13, 223 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Huignard and F. Micheron, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 591 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Herlocker, K. B. Ferrio, E. Hendrickx, B. D. Guenther, S. Mery, B. Kippelen, and N. Peyghambarian, Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2253 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Catal. (1)

M. W. Anderson, L. Occelli, and S. L. Suib, J. Catal. 122, 374 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. (1)

J. Mendialdua, R. Casanova, and Y. Barbaux, J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 71, 249 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

L. Dhar, K. Curtis, and T. Fäcke, Nat. Photon. 2, 403 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

M. Haw, Nature 422, 556 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Qiao, J. Xu, G. Zhang, X. Zhang, Q. Sun, and G. Zhang, Phys. Rev. B 70, 094101 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

P. A. Arsenev and B. A. Baranov, Phys. Status Solidi A 9, 673 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am. (1)

D. Psaltis and F. Mok, Sci. Am. 273(5), 70 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

A. Hellemans, Science 286, 1502 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

R. Orlowski and E. Krätzig, Solid State Commun. 27, 1351 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Zeolites (1)

M. Huang, S. Shan, C. Yuan, Y. Li, and Q. Wang, Zeolites 10, 772 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time dependence of diffraction efficiency of LN:V crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Powder XPS result of LN:V. The peak synthesis envelope is shown by a red solid curve, synthesis components by dots, and experimental data by a black solid curve. (b) Powder EPR result of LN:V at 77 K under a microwave power of 1.0 mW and frequency of 9092.0 MHz .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photochromic effect in LN : V 1.0 . This picture was taken for LN : V 1.0 after having been irradiated by an A400 mercury lamp with the wavelength centered at 365 nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transmittance difference between LN:V and CLN, where T ( x ) % is the transmittance of LN : V x and T ( 0 ) % for CLN. (b) Absorption coefficient difference of LN : V 1.0 between the reduction (curve A) or oxidation (curve B) states and the virgin state. LN : V 1.0 was treated in argon (reduction) and in air (oxidation) at 650 ° C for 10 h , respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Photorefractive Properties of LiNbO 3 Doped with Vanadium

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