Abstract

We investigate the high-frequency timing jitter spectral density of mode-locked fiber lasers in different mode-locked regimes. Quantum-noise-limited timing jitter spectra of mode-locked-regime-switchable Yb fiber lasers are measured up to the Nyquist frequency with sub-100-as resolution. The integrated rms timing jitter of soliton, stretched-pulse, and self-similar Yb fiber lasers is measured to be 1.8, 1.1, and 2.9fs, respectively, when integrated from 10kHz to 40MHz. The distinct behavior of jitter spectral density related to pulse formation mechanisms is revealed experimentally for the first time.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (4)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Benkler, E.

Buckley, J. R.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Clark, W. G.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cox, J.

Cox, J. A.

Demirbas, U.

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27, B51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, arXiv: 1102.2983 (2011).

Fujimoto, J. G.

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Glandorf, L. N.

L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, arXiv: 1102.2983 (2011).

Haus, A.

A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, T. A.

L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, arXiv: 1102.2983 (2011).

Kärtner, F. X.

J. Kim and F. X. Kärtner, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Cox, A. H. Nejadmalayeri, J. Kim, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 35, 3522 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 32, 3519 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Kim, J.

J. A. Cox, A. H. Nejadmalayeri, J. Kim, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 35, 3522 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim and F. X. Kärtner, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J. Chen, J. Cox, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 32, 3519 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Kobayashi, Y.

X. Zhou, D. Yoshitomi, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, Opt. Express 16, 7055 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, arXiv: 1102.2983 (2011).

Kracht, D.

Li, D.

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Mecozzi, A.

A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nejadmalayeri, A. H.

Neumann, J.

Paschotta, R.

Prochnow, O.

Sennaroglu, A.

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

Torizuka, K.

Wandt, D.

Wise, F. W.

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshitomi, D.

Zhou, X.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Haus and A. Mecozzi, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 983 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Namiki and H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

J. Kim and F. X. Kärtner, Laser Photon. Rev. 4, 432 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

L. N. Glandorf, T. A. Johnson, Y. Kobayashi, and S. A. Diddams, arXiv: 1102.2983 (2011).

U. Demirbas, A. Benedick, A. Sennaroglu, D. Li, J. Kim, J. G. Fujimoto, and F. X. Kärtner, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2010 (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuDD6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of Yb fiber laser timing jitter measurement based on BOC. BG, birefringence glass plate; DC, dispersion compensation; DM, dichroic mirror; HWP, half-wave plate; PBS, polarization beam splitter. The inset shows the measured cross-correlation trace of two lasers without synchronization. Solid and dashed curves indicate optical and electric signal paths, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Timing jitter measurement results. Top curves, the measured timing jitter power spectral density and the equivalent single-sideband (SSB) phase noise at 1 GHz carrier frequency. Bottom curves, the integrated rms timing jitter. Inset, the optical spectra of laser outputs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of timing jitter power spectral density of the self-similar and stretched-pulse regimes at the same intracavity dispersion condition ( + 0.004 ps 2 ) and pulse energy.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of Experiment Parameters

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