Abstract

Using a small-core single-mode fiber (SCSMF), a novel relative humidity (RH) sensor based on an SMF28-SCSMF-SMF28 fiber structure was proposed in this paper. By depositing a humidity sensitive material, such as poly (ethylene oxide) (PEO) on the bare SCSMF fiber, the proposed structure can act as an RH sensor with high sensitivity. Experiments demonstrated that the proposed RH sensor with PEO coating can achieve a sensitivity of 430nm per relative humidity unit (RHU) in the RH range from 80% to 83% RH and a sensitivity of 50nm per RHU in the RH range from 83% to 95% RH.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Opt. Express 19, 7937 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

S. Akita, H. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, and A. Seki, Sens. Actuators B Chem 147, 385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreno, M. Hernaez, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, Opt. Express 18, 20183 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, and G. Farrell, Electron. Lett. 46, 1341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 48, 5451 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

X. F. Huang, D. R. Sheng, K. F. Cen, and H. Zhou, Sens. Actuators B Chem 127, 518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

A. Alvarez-Herrero, H. Guerrero, and D. Levy, IEEE Sens. J. 4, 52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. Muto, O. Suzuki, T. Amano, and M. Morisawa, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. Bariain, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and M. Lopez-Amo, Sens. Actuators B Chem 69, 127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Groger, Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akita, S.

S. Akita, H. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, and A. Seki, Sens. Actuators B Chem 147, 385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Herrero, A.

A. Alvarez-Herrero, H. Guerrero, and D. Levy, IEEE Sens. J. 4, 52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Amano, T.

S. Muto, O. Suzuki, T. Amano, and M. Morisawa, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Arregui, F. J.

I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreno, M. Hernaez, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, Opt. Express 18, 20183 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bariain, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and M. Lopez-Amo, Sens. Actuators B Chem 69, 127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bariain, C.

C. Bariain, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and M. Lopez-Amo, Sens. Actuators B Chem 69, 127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cen, K. F.

X. F. Huang, D. R. Sheng, K. F. Cen, and H. Zhou, Sens. Actuators B Chem 127, 518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Del Villar, I.

Farrell, G.

Groger, H.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Groger, Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guerrero, H.

A. Alvarez-Herrero, H. Guerrero, and D. Levy, IEEE Sens. J. 4, 52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hatta, A. M.

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 48, 5451 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernaez, M.

Honma, I.

Huang, X. F.

X. F. Huang, D. R. Sheng, K. F. Cen, and H. Zhou, Sens. Actuators B Chem 127, 518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konstantaki, M.

Levy, D.

A. Alvarez-Herrero, H. Guerrero, and D. Levy, IEEE Sens. J. 4, 52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liao, Y. B.

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Amo, M.

C. Bariain, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and M. Lopez-Amo, Sens. Actuators B Chem 69, 127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Madamopoulos, N.

Mao, X. H.

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mathew, J.

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, and G. Farrell, Electron. Lett. 46, 1341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Matias, I. R.

I. Del Villar, C. R. Zamarreno, M. Hernaez, F. J. Arregui, and I. R. Matias, Opt. Express 18, 20183 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Bariain, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and M. Lopez-Amo, Sens. Actuators B Chem 69, 127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miao, Y. P.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morisawa, M.

S. Muto, O. Suzuki, T. Amano, and M. Morisawa, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Muto, S.

S. Muto, O. Suzuki, T. Amano, and M. Morisawa, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G. D.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pispas, S.

Pissadakis, S.

Qi, Z. M.

Rajan, G.

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, and G. Farrell, Electron. Lett. 46, 1341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, H.

S. Akita, H. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, and A. Seki, Sens. Actuators B Chem 147, 385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seki, A.

S. Akita, H. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, and A. Seki, Sens. Actuators B Chem 147, 385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Semenova, Y.

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Opt. Express 19, 7937 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, and G. Farrell, Electron. Lett. 46, 1341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, Appl. Opt. 48, 5451 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, D. R.

X. F. Huang, D. R. Sheng, K. F. Cen, and H. Zhou, Sens. Actuators B Chem 127, 518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, R.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Groger, Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, O.

S. Muto, O. Suzuki, T. Amano, and M. Morisawa, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsao, C.

C. Tsao, Optical Fibre Waveguide Analysis (Oxford, 1992).

Tu, D. S.

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vainos, N. A.

Wang, L. W.

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, Y. Semenova, P. Wang, and G. Farrell, Opt. Express 19, 7937 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q.

Watanabe, K.

S. Akita, H. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, and A. Seki, Sens. Actuators B Chem 147, 385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Webb, D. J.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, M. N.

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Groger, Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

Zamarreno, C. R.

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. H.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. D.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

X. F. Huang, D. R. Sheng, K. F. Cen, and H. Zhou, Sens. Actuators B Chem 127, 518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H. B.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H. S.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

J. Mathew, Y. Semenova, G. Rajan, and G. Farrell, Electron. Lett. 46, 1341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Weiss, R. Srivastava, and H. Groger, Electron. Lett. 32, 842 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, W. Zhang, D. J. Webb, and G. D. Peng, Electron. Lett. 46, 643 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. P. Miao, B. Liu, H. Zhang, Y. Li, H. B. Zhou, H. Sun, W. H. Zhang, and Q. D. Zhao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 441 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, L. W. Wang, M. Zhang, D. S. Tu, X. H. Mao, and Y. B. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 880 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, A. M. Hatta, P. Wang, Y. Semenova, and G. Farrell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 130 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J.

A. Alvarez-Herrero, H. Guerrero, and D. Levy, IEEE Sens. J. 4, 52 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

S. Muto, O. Suzuki, T. Amano, and M. Morisawa, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, 746 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Sens. Actuators B Chem

C. Bariain, I. R. Matias, F. J. Arregui, and M. Lopez-Amo, Sens. Actuators B Chem 69, 127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. F. Huang, D. R. Sheng, K. F. Cen, and H. Zhou, Sens. Actuators B Chem 127, 518 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Akita, H. Sasaki, K. Watanabe, and A. Seki, Sens. Actuators B Chem 147, 385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. Tsao, Optical Fibre Waveguide Analysis (Oxford, 1992).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SMF28-SCSMF-SMF28 fiber structure based humidity sensor. (a) View along fiber axis and (b) cross-section view of the SCSMF section.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated wavelength shift versus RI of the overlay.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral responses of (a) sensor one and (b) sensor two at different RH values.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Resonant wavelength shift of the SMF28-SCSMF-SMF28 fiber structure based RH sensor versus different RH values.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( r , 0 ) = m = 1 M b m Ψ m ( r ) ,
b m = 0 E ( r , 0 ) Ψ m ( r ) r d r 0 Ψ m ( r ) Ψ m ( r ) r d r .
E ( r , z ) = m = 1 M b m Ψ m ( r ) exp ( j β m z ) ,
L s ( z ) = 10 · log 10 ( | 0 E ( r , z ) E ( r , 0 ) r d r | 2 0 | E ( r , z ) | 2 r d r 0 | E ( r , 0 ) | 2 r d r ) .

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