Abstract

A neodymium-doped BK7 glass microsphere laser integrated with a planar ion-exchanged waveguide pumped at 0.8μm has been demonstrated. The pump radiation was launched by evanescent coupling from the waveguide, and the signal radiation was coupled out through the same waveguide, offering the potential for robustly assembled fully integrated active optical circuits. The dependence of the lasing spectra on pump power and wavelength were studied in detail to clarify the whispering-gallery-mode behavior at the pump and lasing wavelengths.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2010 (1)

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, G. S. Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Langmuir 25, 1872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1999 (2)

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213 & 214, 276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

1993 (1)

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Bartlett, P. N.

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, G. S. Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Langmuir 25, 1872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berneschi, S.

Byer, R. L.

Cai, M.

Chu, S. T.

Clowes, J. R.

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Conti, G. Nunzi

Edwards, J.

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, G. R.

Grudinin, I.

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hare, J.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haroche, S.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

Hewak, D. W.

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. R. Elliott, D. W. Hewak, G. Senthil Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 15, 17542 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213 & 214, 276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Review of applications of whispering-gallery mode resonators in photonics and nonlinear optics,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (August 15, 2005), Vol. 42-162, pp. 1–51.

Jahier, E.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

Kluth, E.

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kusawake, K.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J. P.

Lane, J.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Q.

Lim, D. R.

Lissillour, F.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

Liu, Y. S.

Long, R.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B. L.

Maleki, L.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Review of applications of whispering-gallery mode resonators in photonics and nonlinear optics,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (August 15, 2005), Vol. 42-162, pp. 1–51.

Matsko, A. B.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Review of applications of whispering-gallery mode resonators in photonics and nonlinear optics,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (August 15, 2005), Vol. 42-162, pp. 1–51.

Miura, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213 & 214, 276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, G. S. Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Langmuir 25, 1872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murugan, G. Senthil

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Panitchob, G. Senthil Murugan, M. N. Zervas, P. Horak, S. Berneschi, S. Pelli, G. Nunzi Conti, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 16, 11066 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. R. Elliott, D. W. Hewak, G. Senthil Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 15, 17542 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Senthil Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Proceedings of the Micro-Optics Conference (Takamatsu, 2007).

Mwarania, E. K.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nunoshita, M.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, J.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

Panitchob, Y.

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Panitchob, G. Senthil Murugan, M. N. Zervas, P. Horak, S. Berneschi, S. Pelli, G. Nunzi Conti, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 16, 11066 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelli, S.

Raimond, J.-M.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandoghdar, V.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasagawa, K.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Review of applications of whispering-gallery mode resonators in photonics and nonlinear optics,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (August 15, 2005), Vol. 42-162, pp. 1–51.

Schiller, S.

Strekalov, D.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Review of applications of whispering-gallery mode resonators in photonics and nonlinear optics,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (August 15, 2005), Vol. 42-162, pp. 1–51.

Syngellakis, S.

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213 & 214, 276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Treussart, F.

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tull, E. J.

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, G. S. Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Langmuir 25, 1872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Unger, H. G.

H. G. Unger, Planar Optical Waveguides and Fibres(Oxford U. Press, 1977).

Vahala, K. J.

Varnham, M.

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Z.

Wilkinson, J. S.

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, G. S. Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Langmuir 25, 1872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Panitchob, G. Senthil Murugan, M. N. Zervas, P. Horak, S. Berneschi, S. Pelli, G. Nunzi Conti, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 16, 11066 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. R. Elliott, D. W. Hewak, G. Senthil Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 15, 17542 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

G. Senthil Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Proceedings of the Micro-Optics Conference (Takamatsu, 2007).

Yang, L.

Zervas, M. N.

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Panitchob, G. Senthil Murugan, M. N. Zervas, P. Horak, S. Berneschi, S. Pelli, G. Nunzi Conti, and J. S. Wilkinson, Opt. Express 16, 11066 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Senthil Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Proceedings of the Micro-Optics Conference (Takamatsu, 2007).

Electron. Lett. (3)

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Clowes, J. Edwards, I. Grudinin, E. Kluth, M. Varnham, and M. N. Zervas, Electron. Lett. 35, 926 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Senthil Murugan, Y. Panitchob, E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, D. W. Hewak, M. N. Zervas, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Appl. Phys. 107, 053105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

E. K. Mwarania, J. Wang, J. Lane, and J. S. Wilkinson, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1550 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

K. Miura, K. Tanaka, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213 & 214, 276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

E. J. Tull, P. N. Bartlett, G. S. Murugan, and J. S. Wilkinson, Langmuir 25, 1872 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Review of applications of whispering-gallery mode resonators in photonics and nonlinear optics,” The Interplanetary Network Progress Report (August 15, 2005), Vol. 42-162, pp. 1–51.

G. Senthil Murugan, J. S. Wilkinson, and M. N. Zervas, Proceedings of the Micro-Optics Conference (Takamatsu, 2007).

H. G. Unger, Planar Optical Waveguides and Fibres(Oxford U. Press, 1977).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Nd-doped microsphere laser spectra at the waveguide output for different pump powers launched into the waveguide at a resonant pump wavelength of 801.46 nm . Schematic of the experimental setup is shown as an inset in (a).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Total ASE power, total lasing power, and lasing power in selected individual WGMs (see Fig. 1) versus launched pump power into the waveguide at the resonant pump wavelength of 801.46 nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Scattered power spectra collected at (a) the top and (b) side of the lasing microsphere, compared to (c) the spectrum at the waveguide output.

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