Abstract

We present fiber Bragg grating pressure sensors in air-hole microstructured fibers for high-temperature operation above 800°C. An ultrafast laser was used to inscribe Type II grating in two-hole optical fibers. The fiber Bragg grating resonance wavelength shift and peak splits were studied as a function of external hydrostatic pressure from 15psito2000psi. The grating pressure sensor shows stable and reproducible operation above 800°C. We demonstrate a multiplexible pressure sensor technology for a high-temperature environment using a single fiber and a single-fiber feedthrough.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Zhu, K. L. Cooper, G. R. Pickrell, and A. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 861 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, in Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 355–358.
  4. T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).
  5. O. V. Butov, E. M. Dianov, and K. M. Golant, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 975 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Lu, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 779 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

Y. Zhu, K. L. Cooper, G. R. Pickrell, and A. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

O. V. Butov, E. M. Dianov, and K. M. Golant, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 975 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).

1998 (1)

R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Butov, O. V.

O. V. Butov, E. M. Dianov, and K. M. Golant, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 975 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calvert, S.

S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, in Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 355–358.

Canning, J.

C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. P.

C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Clowes, R.

R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, K. L.

Deng, J.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

O. V. Butov, E. M. Dianov, and K. M. Golant, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 975 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Golant, K. M.

O. V. Butov, E. M. Dianov, and K. M. Golant, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 975 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Grobnic, D.

P. Lu, D. Grobnic, and S. J. Mihailov, J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 779 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huo, W.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jewart, C.

C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kreger, S.

S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, in Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 355–358.

Lu, P.

Luo, M.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

May, R. G.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mihailov, S. J.

Milailov, S. J.

D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pickrell, G. R.

Y. Zhu, K. L. Cooper, G. R. Pickrell, and A. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, R. T.

T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).

Schroeder, R. J.

T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).

Smelser, C. W.

D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Syngellakis, S.

R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Udd, E.

T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).

S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, in Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 355–358.

Walker, R. B.

D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Y. Zhu, K. L. Cooper, G. R. Pickrell, and A. Wang, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 861 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamate, T.

T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).

Zervas, M. N.

R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Clowes, S. Syngellakis, and M. N. Zervas, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 857 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

O. V. Butov, E. M. Dianov, and K. M. Golant, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 975 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, S. J. Milailov, and R. B. Walker, Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1009 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

H. Xiao, J. Deng, Z. Wang, W. Huo, P. Zhang, M. Luo, G. R. Pickrell, R. G. May, and A. Wang, Opt. Eng. 44, 054403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

T. Yamate, R. T. Ramos, R. J. Schroeder, and E. Udd, Proc. SPIE 4185, 628 (2000).

C. Jewart, D. Xu, K. P. Chen, and J. Canning, Proc. SPIE 7004, 70041Z (2008).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Kreger, S. Calvert, and E. Udd, in Optical Fiber Sensors Conference (Optical Society of America, 2002), pp. 355–358.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of high-temperature pressure-testing setup, the optical microscope cross-section photo is shown as an inset.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FBG response as a function of temperature at room pressure. The FBG reflection spectra peak at 23 , 198 , 383 , 570 , 666 , 760 , and 858 ° C are shown as an inset.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized FBG reflection spectra at 858 ° C for two orthogonal polarizations (P1 and P2). The unpolarized reflection spectrum is also plotted together with the normalized combined P 1 + P 2 spectrum for (a) 15 psi and (b) 2000 psi .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

FBG birefringence vs. pressure at 199 ° C and 858 ° C respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

FBG inscribed by a KrF 248 - nm excimer laser in the same type of two-hole fiber and its response to external pressure at the room temperature.

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