Abstract

Experimental evidence has been observed for energy transfer from CdS nanocrystals, synthesized by the fusion method, to Nd3+ ions embedded in vitreous substrates. These dot samples doped with neodymium have been investigated by combined optical absorption (OA), photoluminescence (PL), and time-resolved photoluminescence (PLRT) techniques. Radiative and nonradiative energy transfers between CdS dot and Nd3+ ion levels, to our knowledge not reported before, can be clearly observed in the PL spectra where the emission band valleys correspond exactly to the energy absorption peaks of the doping ion. The PLRT data reinforce these energy transfer mechanisms in which the increasing overlap between the CdS PL band and the OA to the Nd3+ levels decreases stimulated emissions from the doping ions.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  18. S. A. Payne and C. Bibeau, J. Lumin. 79, 143 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

D. Chen, Y. Yu, P. Huang, F. Weng, H. Lin, and Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041909 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. R. P. Kassab, D. S. da Silva, R. de Almeida, and C. B. de Araújo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

N. Wan, J. Xu, T. Lin, X. Zhang, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Norris, A. L. Efros, and S. C. Erwin, Science 319, 1776 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. O. Dantas, E. S. F. Neto, R. S. Silva, D. R. Jesus, and F. Pelegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 193115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

V. Smyntyna, V. Skobeeva, and N. Malushin, Radiat. Meas. 42, 693 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Shea-Rohwer and J. E. Martin, J. Lumin. 127, 499 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Serqueira, A. F. G. Monte, N. O. Dantas, and P. C. Morais, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 36105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and Z. Hu, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 123, 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi, Y. Takase, K. Ninomiya, and S. Hayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Biggemann and L. R. Tessler, Opt. Mater. 27, 773 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Flórez, J. F. Martínez, M. Flórez, and P. Porcher, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 261 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. A. Payne and C. Bibeau, J. Lumin. 79, 143 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1950 (1)

D. Turnbull, J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1022 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Abiyasa, A. P.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Abril, M.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ascheloung, P.

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

S. A. Payne and C. Bibeau, J. Lumin. 79, 143 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biggemann, D.

D. Biggemann and L. R. Tessler, Opt. Mater. 27, 773 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brus, L. E.

L. E. Brus, J. Chem. Phys. 80(9), 4403 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Y. Yu, P. Huang, F. Weng, H. Lin, and Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041909 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and Z. Hu, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 123, 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chong, M. K.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cordoncillo, E.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

da Silva, D. S.

L. R. P. Kassab, D. S. da Silva, R. de Almeida, and C. B. de Araújo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dantas, N. O.

N. O. Dantas, E. S. F. Neto, R. S. Silva, D. R. Jesus, and F. Pelegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 193115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. O. Serqueira, A. F. G. Monte, N. O. Dantas, and P. C. Morais, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 36105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Darugar, Q.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Almeida, R.

L. R. P. Kassab, D. S. da Silva, R. de Almeida, and C. B. de Araújo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

L. R. P. Kassab, D. S. da Silva, R. de Almeida, and C. B. de Araújo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Delgado-Torres, A.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Efros, A. L.

D. J. Norris, A. L. Efros, and S. C. Erwin, Science 319, 1776 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M. A.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Erwin, S. C.

D. J. Norris, A. L. Efros, and S. C. Erwin, Science 319, 1776 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Escribano, P.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, P.

P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Flórez, A.

A. Flórez, J. F. Martínez, M. Flórez, and P. Porcher, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 261 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Flórez, M.

A. Flórez, J. F. Martínez, M. Flórez, and P. Porcher, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 261 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, M.

M. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi, Y. Takase, K. Ninomiya, and S. Hayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

M. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi, Y. Takase, K. Ninomiya, and S. Hayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrandt, V.

P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and Z. Hu, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 123, 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, P.

D. Chen, Y. Yu, P. Huang, F. Weng, H. Lin, and Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041909 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jesus, D. R.

N. O. Dantas, E. S. F. Neto, R. S. Silva, D. R. Jesus, and F. Pelegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 193115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Julián-López, B.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaldis, E.

P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kassab, L. R. P.

L. R. P. Kassab, D. S. da Silva, R. de Almeida, and C. B. de Araújo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 101912 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lavín, V.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

D. Chen, Y. Yu, P. Huang, F. Weng, H. Lin, and Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041909 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, T.

N. Wan, J. Xu, T. Lin, X. Zhang, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Malushin, N.

V. Smyntyna, V. Skobeeva, and N. Malushin, Radiat. Meas. 42, 693 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. E.

L. E. Shea-Rohwer and J. E. Martin, J. Lumin. 127, 499 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martín, I. R.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, J. F.

A. Flórez, J. F. Martínez, M. Flórez, and P. Porcher, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 261 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Méndez-Ramos, J.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monte, A. F. G.

E. O. Serqueira, A. F. G. Monte, N. O. Dantas, and P. C. Morais, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 36105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morais, P. C.

E. O. Serqueira, A. F. G. Monte, N. O. Dantas, and P. C. Morais, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 36105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Neto, E. S. F.

N. O. Dantas, E. S. F. Neto, R. S. Silva, D. R. Jesus, and F. Pelegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 193115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Niggli, A.

P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ninomiya, K.

M. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi, Y. Takase, K. Ninomiya, and S. Hayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Norris, D. J.

D. J. Norris, A. L. Efros, and S. C. Erwin, Science 319, 1776 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne and C. Bibeau, J. Lumin. 79, 143 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pelegrini, F.

N. O. Dantas, E. S. F. Neto, R. S. Silva, D. R. Jesus, and F. Pelegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 193115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pellé, F.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pita, K.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Planelles, J.

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Planelles-Aragó, J.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Porcher, P.

A. Flórez, J. F. Martínez, M. Flórez, and P. Porcher, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 284, 261 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

Q. Darugar, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 261108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rajnak, K.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez, V. D.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Mendoza, U. R.

M. Abril, J. Méndez-Ramos, I. R. Martín, U. R. Rodríguez-Mendoza, V. Lavín, A. Delgado-Torres, and V. D. Rodríguez, J. Appl. Phys. 95, 5271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, C.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schobinger-Papamantellos, P.

P. Schobinger-Papamantellos, P. Fischer, A. Niggli, E. Kaldis, and V. Hildebrandt, J. Phys. C 7, 2023 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Serqueira, E. O.

E. O. Serqueira, A. F. G. Monte, N. O. Dantas, and P. C. Morais, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 36105 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shea-Rohwer, L. E.

L. E. Shea-Rohwer and J. E. Martin, J. Lumin. 127, 499 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silva, R. S.

N. O. Dantas, E. S. F. Neto, R. S. Silva, D. R. Jesus, and F. Pelegrini, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 193115 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Silversmith, A. J.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Skobeeva, V.

V. Smyntyna, V. Skobeeva, and N. Malushin, Radiat. Meas. 42, 693 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smyntyna, V.

V. Smyntyna, V. Skobeeva, and N. Malushin, Radiat. Meas. 42, 693 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takase, Y.

M. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi, Y. Takase, K. Ninomiya, and S. Hayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tessler, L. R.

D. Biggemann and L. R. Tessler, Opt. Mater. 27, 773 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, D.

D. Turnbull, J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1022 (1950).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

J. Planelles-Aragó, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, F. Pellé, B. Viana, and C. Sanchez, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 5169 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Julián-López, J. Planelles, E. Cordoncillo, P. Escribano, P. Ascheloung, C. Sanchez, B. Viana, and F. Pellé, J. Mater. Chem. 16, 4612 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wan, N.

N. Wan, J. Xu, T. Lin, X. Zhang, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Yu, P. Huang, F. Weng, H. Lin, and Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041909 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, and Z. Hu, Mater. Sci. Eng., B 123, 1–6 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weng, F.

D. Chen, Y. Yu, P. Huang, F. Weng, H. Lin, and Y. Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 041909 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

N. Wan, J. Xu, T. Lin, X. Zhang, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

N. Wan, J. Xu, T. Lin, X. Zhang, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201109 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, Y.

M. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi, Y. Takase, K. Ninomiya, and S. Hayashi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 211919 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S. F.

M. K. Chong, A. P. Abiyasa, K. Pita, and S. F. Yu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 151105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AO and PL spectra of NC samples grown over a SNAB-doped template treated for 2  h .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Representation of radiative and nonradiative energy transfer processes from CdS NCs to the Nd 3 + ions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

AO and PL spectra of the SNAB-doped matrix subjected to 560 ° C for 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10  h . The absorption below 500 nm occurs because of redshift induced on the optical gap CdS clusters ( 380 nm ) and CdS ( 450 nm ) dots, as well as in the SNAB glass template, which shows saturation below 300 nm . Some adsorption is sensitive to thermal treatment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Average size of CdS NCs and (b) emission lifetime from the F 3 2 4 state shown in Fig. 2, as a function of annealing time.

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