Abstract

The singlet excited-state lifetime of a bipyridyl platinum(II) complex containing two alkynyl-benzothiazolylfluorene units was determined to be 145±105  ps by fitting femtosecond transient difference absorption data, and the triplet quantum yield was measured to be 0.14. A ground-state absorption cross section of 6.1×1019cm2 at 532 nm was deduced from UV-visible absorption data. Excited-state absorption cross sections of (6.7±0.1)×1017cm2 (singlet) and (4.6±0.1)×1016cm2 (triplet) were obtained by using a five-level dynamic model to fit open-aperture Z scans at picosecond and nanosecond pulse widths and a variety of pulse energies. For this complex, the ratio of the triplet excited-state absorption cross section to the ground-state absorption cross section—long used as a figure of merit for reverse saturable absorbers—thus stands at 754, to our knowledge the largest ever reported at 532 nm wavelength.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2009

Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, P. Shao, J. Haley, H. Zhu, and W. Sun, J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 3688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Shao and W. Sun, Inorg. Chem. 46, 8603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

F. Guo and W. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15029 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun, H.-J. Zhu, and P. M. Barron, Chem. Mater. 18, 2602 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

W. Sun and F. Guo, Chin. Opt. Lett. S3, S34 (2005).

F. Guo, W. Sun, Y. Liu, and K. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 44, 4055 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

K. M.-C. Wong, W.-S. Tang, B. W.-K. Chu, N. Zhu, and V. W.-W. Yam, Organometallics 23, 3459 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. Sun, Z.-X. Wu, Q.-Z. Yang, L.-Z. Wu, and C.-H. Tung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

V. W.-W. Yam, R. P.-L. Tang, K. M.-C. Wong, and K.-K. Cheung, Organometallics 20, 4476 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

S.-W. Lai, M. C. W. Chan, K.-K. Cheung, and C.-M. Che, Inorg. Chem. 38, 4262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986

I. Carmichael and G. L. Hug, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 15, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1978

R. Bensasson, C. R. Goldschmidt, E. J. Land, and T. G. Truscott, Photochem. Photobiol. 28, 277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Barron, P. M.

W. Sun, H.-J. Zhu, and P. M. Barron, Chem. Mater. 18, 2602 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bensasson, R.

R. Bensasson, C. R. Goldschmidt, E. J. Land, and T. G. Truscott, Photochem. Photobiol. 28, 277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burke, A. R.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Camerel, F.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carmichael, I.

I. Carmichael and G. L. Hug, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 15, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Castellano, F. N.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, M. C. W.

S.-W. Lai, M. C. W. Chan, K.-K. Cheung, and C.-M. Che, Inorg. Chem. 38, 4262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Che, C. -M.

S.-W. Lai, M. C. W. Chan, K.-K. Cheung, and C.-M. Che, Inorg. Chem. 38, 4262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. -K.

V. W.-W. Yam, R. P.-L. Tang, K. M.-C. Wong, and K.-K. Cheung, Organometallics 20, 4476 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-W. Lai, M. C. W. Chan, K.-K. Cheung, and C.-M. Che, Inorg. Chem. 38, 4262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chu, B. W.-K.

K. M.-C. Wong, W.-S. Tang, B. W.-K. Chu, N. Zhu, and V. W.-W. Yam, Organometallics 23, 3459 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, T. M.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Danilov, E. O.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drobizhev, M.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farley, R.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferry, M. J.

Fleitz, P. A.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fratini, A.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldschmidt, C. R.

R. Bensasson, C. R. Goldschmidt, E. J. Land, and T. G. Truscott, Photochem. Photobiol. 28, 277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Guo, F.

T. M. Pritchett, W. Sun, F. Guo, B. Zhang, M. J. Ferry, J. E. Roger-Haley, W. Shensky III, and A. G. Mott, Opt. Lett. 33, 1053 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Guo and W. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15029 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun and F. Guo, Chin. Opt. Lett. S3, S34 (2005).

F. Guo, W. Sun, Y. Liu, and K. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 44, 4055 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hagen, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Haley, J.

Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, P. Shao, J. Haley, H. Zhu, and W. Sun, J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 3688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, B. C.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hug, G. L.

I. Carmichael and G. L. Hug, J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 15, 1 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. -Y.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kinayyigit, S.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krein, D. M.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, S. -W.

S.-W. Lai, M. C. W. Chan, K.-K. Cheung, and C.-M. Che, Inorg. Chem. 38, 4262 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Land, E. J.

R. Bensasson, C. R. Goldschmidt, E. J. Land, and T. G. Truscott, Photochem. Photobiol. 28, 277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, P. Shao, J. Haley, H. Zhu, and W. Sun, J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 3688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Shao, Y. Li, and W. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 1172 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, and W. Sun, “Broadband nonlinear absorbing platinum diimine complex: synthesis, photophysics and nonlinear absorption” (submitted to J. Am. Chem. Soc).

Liu, Y.

F. Guo, W. Sun, Y. Liu, and K. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 44, 4055 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makarov, N. S.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McLean, D. G.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mott, A. G.

Perry, J. W.

J. W. Perry, in Nonlinear Optics of Organic Molecules and Polymers, H.S.Nalwa and S.Miyata, eds. (CRC, 1997), p. 821.

Pomestchenko, I. E.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchett, T. M.

Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, P. Shao, J. Haley, H. Zhu, and W. Sun, J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 3688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Pritchett, W. Sun, F. Guo, B. Zhang, M. J. Ferry, J. E. Roger-Haley, W. Shensky III, and A. G. Mott, Opt. Lett. 33, 1053 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, and W. Sun, “Broadband nonlinear absorbing platinum diimine complex: synthesis, photophysics and nonlinear absorption” (submitted to J. Am. Chem. Soc).

Rebane, A.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Retaileau, P.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roger-Haley, J. E.

Rogers, J. E.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schanze, K.

F. Guo, W. Sun, Y. Liu, and K. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 44, 4055 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schanze, K. S.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shao, P.

Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, P. Shao, J. Haley, H. Zhu, and W. Sun, J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 3688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Shao, Y. Li, and W. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 1172 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Shao and W. Sun, Inorg. Chem. 46, 8603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shensky, W.

Shikhova, E.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slagle, J. E.

J. E. Rogers, J. E. Slagle, D. M. Krein, A. R. Burke, B. C. Hall, A. Fratini, D. G. McLean, P. A. Fleitz, T. M. Cooper, M. Drobizhev, N. S. Makarov, A. Rebane, K.-Y. Kim, R. Farley, and K. S. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 46, 6483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, W.

Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, P. Shao, J. Haley, H. Zhu, and W. Sun, J. Organomet. Chem. 694, 3688 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Pritchett, W. Sun, F. Guo, B. Zhang, M. J. Ferry, J. E. Roger-Haley, W. Shensky III, and A. G. Mott, Opt. Lett. 33, 1053 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Shao, Y. Li, and W. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 1172 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Shao and W. Sun, Inorg. Chem. 46, 8603 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun, H.-J. Zhu, and P. M. Barron, Chem. Mater. 18, 2602 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Guo and W. Sun, J. Phys. Chem. B 110, 15029 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun and F. Guo, Chin. Opt. Lett. S3, S34 (2005).

F. Guo, W. Sun, Y. Liu, and K. Schanze, Inorg. Chem. 44, 4055 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Sun, Z.-X. Wu, Q.-Z. Yang, L.-Z. Wu, and C.-H. Tung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, and W. Sun, “Broadband nonlinear absorbing platinum diimine complex: synthesis, photophysics and nonlinear absorption” (submitted to J. Am. Chem. Soc).

Tang, R. P.-L.

V. W.-W. Yam, R. P.-L. Tang, K. M.-C. Wong, and K.-K. Cheung, Organometallics 20, 4476 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tang, W. -S.

K. M.-C. Wong, W.-S. Tang, B. W.-K. Chu, N. Zhu, and V. W.-W. Yam, Organometallics 23, 3459 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tregubov, A. D.

E. Shikhova, E. O. Danilov, S. Kinayyigit, I. E. Pomestchenko, A. D. Tregubov, F. Camerel, P. Retaileau, R. Ziessel, and F. N. Castellano, Inorg. Chem. 46, 3038 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Truscott, T. G.

R. Bensasson, C. R. Goldschmidt, E. J. Land, and T. G. Truscott, Photochem. Photobiol. 28, 277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Tung, C. -H.

W. Sun, Z.-X. Wu, Q.-Z. Yang, L.-Z. Wu, and C.-H. Tung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. -H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagen, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. M.-C.

K. M.-C. Wong, W.-S. Tang, B. W.-K. Chu, N. Zhu, and V. W.-W. Yam, Organometallics 23, 3459 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. W.-W. Yam, R. P.-L. Tang, K. M.-C. Wong, and K.-K. Cheung, Organometallics 20, 4476 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L. -Z.

W. Sun, Z.-X. Wu, Q.-Z. Yang, L.-Z. Wu, and C.-H. Tung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Z. -X.

W. Sun, Z.-X. Wu, Q.-Z. Yang, L.-Z. Wu, and C.-H. Tung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yam, V. W.-W.

K. M.-C. Wong, W.-S. Tang, B. W.-K. Chu, N. Zhu, and V. W.-W. Yam, Organometallics 23, 3459 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. W.-W. Yam, R. P.-L. Tang, K. M.-C. Wong, and K.-K. Cheung, Organometallics 20, 4476 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q. -Z.

W. Sun, Z.-X. Wu, Q.-Z. Yang, L.-Z. Wu, and C.-H. Tung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 850 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

T. M. Pritchett, W. Sun, F. Guo, B. Zhang, M. J. Ferry, J. E. Roger-Haley, W. Shensky III, and A. G. Mott, Opt. Lett. 33, 1053 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Pritchett, and W. Sun, “Broadband nonlinear absorbing platinum diimine complex: synthesis, photophysics and nonlinear absorption” (submitted to J. Am. Chem. Soc).

Zhu, H.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UV-vis absorption spectrum of bpy-Pt ( C C BTF ) 2 in dichloromethane.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Femtosecond transient difference absorption spectra of bpy-Pt ( C C BTF ) 2 in dichloromethane in 2 mm cell.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Picosecond Z scans of bpy-Pt ( C C BTF ) 2 in dichloromethane.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Nanosecond Z scans of bpy-Pt ( C C BTF ) 2 in dichloromethane.

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