Abstract

A nonlinear interferometer design for stabilizing the carrier-envelope offset frequency of a Ti:sapphire frequency comb with superior immunity to air currents and acoustic noise is presented. The scheme uses a pair of Wollaston prisms for group-delay dispersion compensation, providing an all-common-path optical configuration. Out-of-loop phase noise measurements for an unshielded interferometer setup showed up to 15 dB improvement compared to a Michelson interferometer based system. Further simplification of the self-referencing scheme providing a compact single-Wollaston-prism design has been demonstrated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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2009 (2)

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

Bi, Z.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J. R.

Chang, Z.

Corwin, K. L.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, T. M. Fortier, and S. T. Cundiff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 31, 1011 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, Z.

Ell, R.

Fermann, M. E.

Fortier, T. M.

Grebing, C.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, A. R.

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F. -L.

Inaba, H.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, T. M. Fortier, and S. T. Cundiff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J. -W.

Koke, S.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Ma, L. -S.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Manschwetus, B.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Matos, L.

Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Moon, E.

Mücke, O. D.

Onae, A.

Padgett, M. J.

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robertsson, L.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Steinmeyer, G.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tackett, J.

Washburn, B. R.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winter, A.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Metrologia (1)

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (3)

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the self-referencing interferometer using a pair of Wollaston prisms for dispersion compensation. MSF, microstructured fiber emitting an octave-spanning supercontinuum; P, polarizer; λ / 2 , 1064   nm half-wave plate; IF, 532 nm interference filter; WP1, WP2, Wollaston prisms; APD, avalanche photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase error between the f 0 beat signals from the in-loop and out-of-loop interferometers as a function of observation time. In both cases the in-loop interferometer uses WPs for group-delay dispersion compensation, while the out-of-loop interferometer is either a WP-based (black) or a MI-based (gray) system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the out-of-loop phase noise S ϕ (solid curves) measured for the f 0 signals from the WP interferometer (black) and MI (gray). The accumulated phase noise as a function of observation time (dashed curves) is obtained by integration of S ϕ from the inverse of the observation time to 100 kHz (the upper limit of the FFT analyzer).

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