Abstract

A nonlinear interferometer design for stabilizing the carrier-envelope offset frequency of a Ti:sapphire frequency comb with superior immunity to air currents and acoustic noise is presented. The scheme uses a pair of Wollaston prisms for group-delay dispersion compensation, providing an all-common-path optical configuration. Out-of-loop phase noise measurements for an unshielded interferometer setup showed up to 15 dB improvement compared to a Michelson interferometer based system. Further simplification of the self-referencing scheme providing a compact single-Wollaston-prism design has been demonstrated.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

Bi, Z.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J. R.

Chang, Z.

Corwin, K. L.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, T. M. Fortier, and S. T. Cundiff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

T. M. Fortier, A. Bartels, and S. A. Diddams, Opt. Lett. 31, 1011 (2006).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, Z.

Ell, R.

Fermann, M. E.

Fortier, T. M.

Grebing, C.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

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T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, A. R.

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F. -L.

Inaba, H.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, T. M. Fortier, and S. T. Cundiff, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1098 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kim, J. -W.

Koke, S.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Ma, L. -S.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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Matsumoto, H.

Minoshima, K.

Moon, E.

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[CrossRef]

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D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robertsson, L.

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schibli, T. R.

Steinmeyer, G.

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tackett, J.

Washburn, B. R.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winter, A.

Appl. Phys. B

C. Grebing, S. Koke, B. Manschwetus, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 95, 81 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Metrologia

Y. Jiang, Z. Bi, L. Robertsson, and L.-S. Ma, Metrologia 42, 304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. L. Hall, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1279 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1297 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 163 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

M. J. Padgett and A. R. Harvey, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 66, 2807 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the self-referencing interferometer using a pair of Wollaston prisms for dispersion compensation. MSF, microstructured fiber emitting an octave-spanning supercontinuum; P, polarizer; λ / 2 , 1064   nm half-wave plate; IF, 532 nm interference filter; WP1, WP2, Wollaston prisms; APD, avalanche photodiode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Phase error between the f 0 beat signals from the in-loop and out-of-loop interferometers as a function of observation time. In both cases the in-loop interferometer uses WPs for group-delay dispersion compensation, while the out-of-loop interferometer is either a WP-based (black) or a MI-based (gray) system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the out-of-loop phase noise S ϕ (solid curves) measured for the f 0 signals from the WP interferometer (black) and MI (gray). The accumulated phase noise as a function of observation time (dashed curves) is obtained by integration of S ϕ from the inverse of the observation time to 100 kHz (the upper limit of the FFT analyzer).

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