Abstract

An original design of hollow-core photonic crystal fiber composed of a thin silica ring suspended in air by six silica struts is proposed. This structure can be viewed as a simplified Kagomé-lattice fiber reduced to one layer of air holes. By working on the core surround parameters, an efficient antiresonant air guiding was successfully demonstrated. Two large low-loss windows (visible/IR) were measured with a minimum attenuation less than 0.2dBm at yellow wavelengths, comparable with state-of-the-art designs. The curvature behavior was also studied, showing low bending loss sensitivity for the fundamental transmission band. These relevant features might open a new route to propose original hollow-core fiber designs while making their production simpler and faster than previously.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 143903 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (5)

F. Gérôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express15, 7126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Pearce, G. S. Wiederhecker, C. G. Poulton, S. Burger, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express15, 12680 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 143903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, F. Gérôme, and W. Wadsworth, Opt. Quantum Electron.39, 1047 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. S. J. Russell, D. Williams, P. Roberts, and B. Mangan, Opt. Express12, 1477 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett.49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Allen, D.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antonopoulos, G.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Auguste, J.-L.

Beaudou, B.

Benabid, F.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 143903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Opt. Lett.31, 3574 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bird, D.M.

Birks, T.A.

T. A. Birks, F. Luan, G. J. Pearce, A. Wang, J. C. Knight, and D. M. Bird, Opt. Express14, 5688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouwmans, G.

Burger, S.

Clowes, J.

Cook, K.

Couny, F.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 143903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Opt. Lett.31, 3574 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Coupland, S.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Cregan, R.F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Sterke, C.M.

Duguay, M.A.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett.49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, S.C.

Dupriez, P.

Eggleton, B.J.

Farr, L.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Février, S.

Flea, R.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

George, A.K.

Gérôme, F.

Humbert, G.

Knight, J.C.

F. Gérôme, J. C. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Dupriez, and J. Clowes, Opt. Express16, 2381 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, F. Gérôme, and W. Wadsworth, Opt. Quantum Electron.39, 1047 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Gérôme, K. Cook, A. K. George, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express15, 7126 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, F. Luan, G. J. Pearce, A. Wang, J. C. Knight, and D. M. Bird, Opt. Express14, 5688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. S. J. Russell, D. Williams, P. Roberts, and B. Mangan, Opt. Express12, 1477 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, T.L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett.49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kokubun, Y.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett.49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Labruyère, A.

Langford, A.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Lawman, M.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Light, P.S.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 143903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Opt. Lett.31, 3574 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Litchinitser, N.M.

Luan, F.

Mangan, B.

Mangan, B.J.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mason, M.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

McPhedran, R.C.

Pearce, G.J.

Pfeiffer, L.

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett.49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Poulton, C.G.

Raymer, M.G.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, P.

Roberts, P.J.

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P.S. J.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

G. Humbert, J. C. Knight, G. Bouwmans, P. S. J. Russell, D. Williams, P. Roberts, and B. Mangan, Opt. Express12, 1477 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P.St. J.

Sabert, H.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Usner, B.

Wadsworth, W.

F. Gérôme, J. C. Knight, W. Wadsworth, P. Dupriez, and J. Clowes, Opt. Express16, 2381 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, F. Gérôme, and W. Wadsworth, Opt. Quantum Electron.39, 1047 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W.J.

Wang, A.

White, T.P.

Wiederhecker, G.S.

Williams, D.

Williams, D.P.

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Duguay, Y. Kokubun, T. L. Koch, and L. Pfeiffer, Appl. Phys. Lett.49, 13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. C. Knight, F. Gérôme, and W. Wadsworth, Opt. Quantum Electron.39, 1047 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. Couny, F. Benabid, and P. S. Light, Phys. Rev. Lett.99, 143903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, G. Antonopoulos, and P. St. J. Russell, Science298, 399 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. S. J. Russell, D. Allen, and P. J. Roberts, Science285, 1537 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Couny, F. Benabid, P. J. Roberts, P. S. Light, and M. G. Raymer, Science318, 1118 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

B. J. Mangan, L. Farr, A. Langford, P. J. Roberts, D. P. Williams, F. Couny, M. Lawman, M. Mason, S. Coupland, R. Flea, H. Sabert, T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, in Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, 2004), postdeadline paper PDP24.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SEM micrograph of the fabricated fiber ( 340 nm ± 10 nm thickness of the silica bridge). Inset, optical image of a 4 - cm -long piece of fiber coupled in transmission to a white-light source, the theoretical fiber design and the transmission bands predicted.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Loss spectra measured by the cut-back technique (solid line) and computed (dotted line). The near-field intensity pattern at several wavelengths after 5.2 m propagation are reported. Arrows corresponding to the radial resonances of the silica bridge surrounding the hollow core, given by Eq. (1), have also been added. Notice that the theoretical evolution of the effective index of the fundamental mode HE11 versus the wavelength is also plotted.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured relative group velocity (inset) and derived chromatic dispersion curve of the fundamental mode propagated through a 50 - cm -long piece of fiber. The transmission spectrum is also plotted.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmitted power of the fiber after 3 m propagation for varying radii of curvature (straight fiber, 10 cm , 4 cm , and 3 cm ). Near-field intensity patterns measured for Rc = 10 cm are added.

Equations (1)

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λ C , m = 2 m t n 2 1 ,

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