Abstract

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) is used to measure the amplitude, the dephasing lifetime, and parameters of optical nonlinearities of optical phonons in a synthetic diamond film. A compact CARS apparatus demonstrated in this work relies on the use of an unamplified 70 fs 340 mW Cr:forsterite laser output and photonic-crystal fibers optimized for the generation of wavelength-tunable Stokes field and the spectral compression of the probe pulse.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Einstein, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 22, 180 (1907).
  2. S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Zhi, X. Wang, and A. V. Sokolov, Opt. Express 16, 12139 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18, S807 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. M. Zheltikov, JETP Lett. 90, 90 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Ishioka, M. Hase, M. Kitajima, and H. Petek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231916 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3962 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Bühler and Y. Prior, Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 673 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. B. Fedotov, A. A. Voronin, I. V. Fedotov, A. A. Ivanov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Lett. 34, 851 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. R. Andresen, V. Birkedal, J. Thøgersen, and S. R. Keiding, Opt. Lett. 31, 1328 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, E. E. Serebryannikov, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Lett. 31, 2323 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. A. Planas, N. L. Pires Mansur, C. H. Brito Cruz, and H. L. Fragnito, Opt. Lett. 18, 699 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. D. A. Sidorov-Biryukov, A. Fernandez, L. Zhu, A. Pugžlys, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. Baltuška, and A. M. Zheltikov, Opt. Express 16, 2502 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. A. Solin and A. K. Ramdas, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1687 (1970).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

2006 (4)

2005 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

J. Bühler and Y. Prior, Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1972 (1)

M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3962 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

S. A. Solin and A. K. Ramdas, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1687 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1907 (1)

A. Einstein, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 22, 180 (1907).

Andresen, E. R.

Baltuška, A.

Birkedal, V.

Bloembergen, N.

M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3962 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Bühler, J.

J. Bühler and Y. Prior, Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Constantinescu, A. M.

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Einstein, A.

A. Einstein, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 22, 180 (1907).

Fedotov, A. B.

Fedotov, I. V.

Fernandez, A.

Flytzanis, C.

M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3962 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H. L.

Hase, M.

K. Ishioka, M. Hase, M. Kitajima, and H. Petek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231916 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, M.

S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hopfel, R. A.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishioka, K.

K. Ishioka, M. Hase, M. Kitajima, and H. Petek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231916 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, A. A.

Jelezko, F.

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18, S807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kanda, H.

S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Kitajima, M.

K. Ishioka, M. Hase, M. Kitajima, and H. Petek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231916 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koizumi, S.

S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konov, V. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3962 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Oberthaler, M.

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petek, H.

K. Ishioka, M. Hase, M. Kitajima, and H. Petek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231916 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pires Mansur, N. L.

Planas, S. A.

Prior, Y.

J. Bühler and Y. Prior, Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pugžlys, A.

Ralchenko, V. G.

A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramdas, A. K.

S. A. Solin and A. K. Ramdas, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1687 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

Sidorov-Biryukov, D. A.

Sokolov, A. V.

Solin, S. A.

S. A. Solin and A. K. Ramdas, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1687 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Thøgersen, J.

Voronin, A. A.

Wang, X.

Watanabe, K.

S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wrachtrup, J.

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18, S807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zhi, M.

Zhu, L.

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) (1)

A. Einstein, Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 22, 180 (1907).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. Ishioka, M. Hase, M. Kitajima, and H. Petek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231916 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Oberthaler and R. A. Hopfel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1017 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Diamond Relat. Mater. (1)

J. Bühler and Y. Prior, Diamond Relat. Mater. 8, 673 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

J. Wrachtrup and F. Jelezko, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18, S807 (2006).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. M. Zheltikov, JETP Lett. 90, 90 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. Hase, M. Kitajima, A. M. Constantinescu, and H. Petek, Nature 426, 51 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

S. A. Solin and A. K. Ramdas, Phys. Rev. B 1, 1687 (1970).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Levenson, C. Flytzanis, and N. Bloembergen, Phys. Rev. B 6, 3962 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, V. G. Ralchenko, V. I. Konov, and H. J. Eichler, Phys. Status Solidi B 242, R4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

S. Koizumi, K. Watanabe, M. Hasegawa, and H. Kanda, Science 292, 1899 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A map showing XFROG traces of the frequency-tunable PCF1 output. Traces with different central wavelengths and different delay times were measured in experiments with different input peak powers. (b) Spectra of the output of the PCF (PCF2) used for the spectral narrowing of Cr:forsterite laser pulses measured as a function of the average power of input light pulses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of the CARS signal from the synthetic diamond film measured with a soliton PCF output used as the Stokes field. The spectrum of spontaneous Raman scattering for the synthetic diamond film is shown in inset 1. Inset 2 displays the spectra of the soliton PCF1 outputs 1–6 used to measure the respective CARS spectra 1–6. Experimental spectra are shown by open circles. The solid lines show the theoretical fits for CARS spectra with the respective Stokes spectra as shown by the solid lines in inset 2 assuming a Lorentzian profile of the phonon line with Ω p / ( 2 π c ) = 1332 cm 1 , Γ p / ( 2 π c ) = 2 cm 1 , and | χ r ( 3 ) / χ n r ( 3 ) | = 17 .

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( ω a ) | d ω 1 d ω 2 d ω 3 χ ( 3 ) E 1 ( ω 1 ) E 2 ( ω 2 ) E 1 ( ω 3 ) δ ( ω a ω 1 + ω 2 ω 3 ) | 2 ,
χ ( 3 ) = χ n r ( 3 ) + χ r ( 3 ) Γ p / 2 [ Ω p ( ω 1 ω 2 ) + i Γ p / 2 ] 1 ,
f ( t ) = ( 1 f R ) δ ( t ) + f R H ( t ) τ 1 2 + τ 2 2 τ 1 τ 2 2 exp ( t τ 2 ) sin ( t τ 1 ) ,

Metrics