Abstract

We report on anomalous field enhancement of terahertz transmission in metallic, rectangular coaxial geometries. The integration of a particle in the hole not only results in a factor of eight increase in normalized transmittance compared to that of the hole-only counterpart, but it also tailors polarization-dependent transmission discrepancy encountered in arrays of rectangular holes. Our experimental and numerical studies on the impact of geometrical dimensions of the integrated particles indicate that dipolar localized surface plasmons of the particles contribute substantially to the terahertz field enhancement through coupling with surface plasmons and localized surface plasmons of the holes.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. J. Smythe, E. Cubukcu, and F. Capasso, Opt. Express 15, 7439 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 29, 896 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Agrawal, H. Cao, and A. Nahata, Opt. Express 13, 3535 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Lu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. M. Orbons, M. I. Haftel, C. Schlockermann, D. Freeman, M. Milicevic, T. J. Davis, B. Luther-Davies, D. N. Jamieson, and A. Roberts, Opt. Lett. 33, 821 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Poujet, J. M. Salvi, and F. I. Baida, Opt. Lett. 32, 2942 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 2945 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Singh, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O'Hara, and W. Zhang, Opt. Express 16, 6537 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. X.-Y. He, J. Opt. (India) 11, 045708 (2009).
  16. S. A. Maier, Opt. Express 14, 1957 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Gordon, A. I. K. Choudhury, and T. Lu, Opt. Express 17, 5311 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Grischkowsky, S. Keiding, M. van Exter, and Ch. Fattinger, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2006 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Lu and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181106 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  20. U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
    [CrossRef]
  21. C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X.-Y. He, J. Opt. (India) 11, 045708 (2009).

X. Lu and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, A. I. K. Choudhury, and T. Lu, Opt. Express 17, 5311 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

2007 (4)

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Smythe, E. Cubukcu, and F. Capasso, Opt. Express 15, 7439 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Poujet, J. M. Salvi, and F. I. Baida, Opt. Lett. 32, 2942 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 29, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1961 (1)

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, A.

Altug, H.

A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Azad, A. K.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 2945 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baida, F. I.

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

Capasso, F.

Chen, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choudhury, A. I. K.

Cubukcu, E.

Davis, T. J.

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Erramilli, S.

A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fakhraai, Z.

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fano, U.

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Fattinger, Ch.

Freeman, D.

Genet, C.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gómez Rivas, J.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gong, M.

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, A. I. K. Choudhury, and T. Lu, Opt. Express 17, 5311 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grischkowsky, D.

Haftel, M. I.

Han, J.

X. Lu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haring Bolivar, P.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

He, X.-Y.

X.-Y. He, J. Opt. (India) 11, 045708 (2009).

Hong, M. K.

A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ip, S.

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jamieson, D. N.

Kavanagh, K. L.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S.

Kofke, M. J.

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kurz, H.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leathem, B.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lu, T.

Lu, X.

X. Lu and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Maier, S. A.

Malloy, K. J.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinnon, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milicevic, M.

Minhas, B.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nahata, A.

O'Hara, J. F.

Orbons, S. M.

Poujet, Y.

Qu, D.

Rajora, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, A.

Salvi, J. M.

Schlockermann, C.

Schotsch, C.

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

Smirnova, E.

Smythe, E. J.

Taylor, A. J.

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M.

van Exter, M. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waldeck, D. H.

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walker, G. C.

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanik, A. A.

A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

X. Lu and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Singh, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O'Hara, and W. Zhang, Opt. Express 16, 6537 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Lu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Azad and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 30, 2945 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Qu, D. Grischkowsky, and W. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 29, 896 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

X. Lu, J. Han, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 121103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Kofke, D. H. Waldeck, Z. Fakhraai, S. Ip, and G. C. Walker, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 023104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Yanik, X. Wang, S. Erramilli, M. K. Hong, and H. Altug, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 081104 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 181106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Han, A. K. Azad, M. Gong, X. Lu, and W. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 071122 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (India) (1)

X.-Y. He, J. Opt. (India) 11, 045708 (2009).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 667 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Genet, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Opt. Commun. 225, 331-336 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. (1)

U. Fano, Phys. Rev. 124, 1866 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Gómez Rivas, C. Schotsch, P. Haring Bolivar, and H. Kurz, Phys. Rev. B 68, 201306 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

W. Zhang, A. K. Azad, J. Han, J. Xu, J. Chen, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Fan, S. Zhang, B. Minhas, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Measured frequency-dependent amplitude transmissions of periodic (solid curve) and random (dash-dotted curve) coaxials with 100 × 80 μ m 2 holes and 80 × 40 μ m 2 inner particles and the hole-only counterpart (dotted curve), with a periodicity 160 μ m and E x . Inset, microscopic image of the coaxial sample. (b) Simulated peak amplitude transmission (diamonds) and normalized transmittance (circles) as a function of the length (x axis) of the inner particles of 60 μ m fixed width. The squares manifest the measured peak amplitude transmission. (c) Simulated resonance frequencies as a function of the length of inner particles. The hollow circles are the experimental resonance frequencies. Simulated electric field distributions of the same coaxial array: (d) at 0.48 THz with E x and (e) at 0.51 THz with E y .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured frequency-dependent amplitude transmissions of periodic coaxials (Cox) and random coaxials (RCox) with various inner particles (Ptc) and the hole-only array (dotted curve) at E y .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured (open circles) and Fano fit (solid curve) transmittance of the coaxials with inner particle 80 × 40 μ m 2 , periodicity 160 μ m , and E x . The fitting parameters are I a = 0 , I b = 0.0013 , q 1 = 24.5 , Γ 1 2 π = 0.11 , ω 1 2 π = 0.4485 , q 2 = 1.35 , Γ 2 2 π = 0.07 , ω 2 2 π = 0.7680 , q 3 = 1.8323 , Γ 3 2 π = 0.25 , and ω 3 2 π = 1.1852 . (b) Measured angle-resolved transmission of the same coaxial array at E x . The dashed curves represent the resonance modes.

Metrics